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Chinese Science Bulletin

, Volume 45, Issue 2, pp 101–108 | Cite as

Research and applications of biochip technologies

  • Junquan Xu
  • Xuezhong He
  • Yuxiang Zhou
  • Litian Liu
  • Jing Cheng
Reviews

Abstract

Biochip as a new research field has enjoyed its rapid development in the past 10 years. Using microfabrication technology, thousands or hundred thousands of biological molecules can be assembled on a centimeter square microchip. Those chip-based devices can be used to analyze mutations, antigens, cells, etc. Compared with the traditional analytical instruments, chip-based micro total analytical systems have many advantages, such as reduced size, lower consumption of both reagents and energy, contamination-free, etc. Biochip technology is believed to revolutionize the future research in life sciences, disease diagnosis, drug discovery, forensic sciences and outer space exploitation in the coming century.

Keywords

biochip disease diagnosis pharmacogenomics laboratory-on-a-chip 

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Copyright information

© Science in China Press 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • Junquan Xu
    • 1
  • Xuezhong He
    • 1
  • Yuxiang Zhou
    • 1
    • 2
  • Litian Liu
  • Jing Cheng
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Biochip Research and Development CenterTsinghua UniversityBeijingChina
  2. 2.State Key Laboratory of Biomembrane and Membrane Biotechnology School of Biological Sciences and EngineeringTsinghua UniversityBeijingChina

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