Bulletin of Alloy Phase Diagrams

, Volume 10, Issue 2, pp 121–126

The C-Ni (Carbon-Nickel) system

  • M. Singleton
  • P. Nash
Alloy Phase Diagram Evaluations C-Ni


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Cited References

  1. 38Koh: R. Kohlhaas and W.F. Meyer,Metallwirtschaften, 17, 786 (1938) in German. (Crys Structure; Experimental)Google Scholar
  2. 49Ber: R. Bernier and A. Michel,Bull. Soc. Chim. Fr., M, 199 (1949) in French. (Crys Structure; Experimental)Google Scholar
  3. 50Ker: H.W. Kerr, J.A. Bell, and J. WinegardJ. Aust. Inst. Met., 10, 64 (1950). (Equi Diagram; Experimental)Google Scholar
  4. 52Bar: C.S. Barrett,Structure of Metals, McGraw Hill, New York (1952). (Crys Structure)Google Scholar
  5. 52Lan: J.J. Lander, H.E. Kern, and A.L. Beach, “Solubility and Diffusion Coefficient of Carbon in Nickel,”J. Appl. Phys., 23, 1305 (1952). (Thermo; Experimental)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  6. 54Oke: S. Oketani, S. Nagakura, and K. Tsuchiya,Bull. Jpn. Inst. Met., 18, 325 (1954) in Japanese. (Equi Diagram)Google Scholar
  7. 60Smi: R.P. Smith “Activity of Carbon, in Iron-Nickel Alloys at 1000°C,”Trans. Metall. Soc. AIME, 218, 62 (1960). (Thermo; Experimental)Google Scholar
  8. 62Sam: G.V. Samsonov and Y.S. Umanskiy,Hard Compounds of Refractory Metals. State Scientific-Technical Literature Publishing House Moscow (1957) in Russian; TR: NASA Tech. Translation F-102 (1962). (Crys Structure; Review)Google Scholar
  9. 63Rao: K.K. Rao and M.E. Nicholson, “The Solubility of Carbon in Cobalt-Nickel Alloys at 1000°C,”Trans. Metall. Soc. AIME, 227, 1029 (1963). (Thermo; Experimental)Google Scholar
  10. 65Sch: H. Schenk, M.G. Frohberg, and E. Jaspert,Arch. Eisenhüttenwes., 38, 683 (1965) in German. (Thermo; Equi Diagram; Experimental)Google Scholar
  11. 66Pon: E.G. Ponvatovski J.L. Aptekar, and T.P. Ershova, “Phase Diagram of the System Nickel-Carbon,”Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR, 171, 919–922 (1966) in Russian. (Equi Diagram)Google Scholar
  12. 67Ruh: R. Ruhl and M. Cohen, “Metastable Extensions of Carbon Solubility in Nickel and Cobalt,”Scr. Metall., 1, 73–74 (1967). (Equi Diagram; Experimental)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 67Rut: C. Ruth and M. Turpin, “Determination of the Eutectic Compositions of Binary Alloys of Nickel-Carbon and Cobalt-Carbon,”C. R. Hebd. Séances Acad. Sci., C, (1967) 928–929 in French. (Equi Diagram; Experimental)Google Scholar
  14. 68Alc: C.B. Alcock and G.P. Stavropoulos, “Solid Solubility of Carbon in Nickel Between 490 and 600 °C,”Trans. Inst. Min. Metall., 77, C232–234 (1968). (Thermo, Equi Diagram; Experimental)Google Scholar
  15. 68Dun: W.W. Dunn, R.B. McLellan, and W.A. Oates, “Solubility of Carbon in Cobalt and Nickel,”Trans. Metall. Soc. AIME, 242, 2129–2132 (1968). (Equi Diagram; Thermo)Google Scholar
  16. 68Gri: V.K. Grigorovich, A.A. Vertman, N.A. Nedumov and A.M. Samarin, “Phase Diagrams of Iron-Carbon, Cobalt-Carbon and Nickel-Carbon Systems,”Diagrammy Sostoyaniya Met. Sist. Mater. Vses. Sovesch, 299–312 (1968) in Russian. (Equi Diagram; Experimental; Indicates presence of a phase diagram.)Google Scholar
  17. 69Dou: D.D. Double and A. Hellawell, “The Structure of Flake Graphite in a Eutectic Alloy,”Acta Metall. 17, 1071–1083 (1969). (Crys Structure; Experimental)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 69Fro: M.G. Von-Frohberg and B. Schuh, “The Application of Thermodynamic Statistics on Stable Metallic Solutions. The Systems Co−C, Ni−C (and Fe−C),”Arch. Eisenhüttenwes., 42, 9–29 (1969) in German. (Thermo)Google Scholar
  19. 69Luc: L.D. Lucas, “Solubility of Carbon in Nickel,”Mém. Sci. Rev. Métall., Levi, 66, 747–755 (1969) in French. (Equi Diagram; Thermo)Google Scholar
  20. 70Bla: J.M. Blakely, J.S. Kim, and H.C. Potter, “Segregation of Carbon to the (100) Surface of Nickel,”J. Appl. Phys., 41, (6), 2693–2697 (1970). (Crys Structure; Experimental)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  21. 70Fil: E.S. Filippov and A.N. Krestovnikov, “Structural Transitions in Co−C and Ni−C Melts,”Mosk. Inst. Stali. Splav., 13, 116–119 (1970). (Crys Structure; Experimental)Google Scholar
  22. 71Fil: E.S. Filippov and A.N. Krestovnikov, “Effect of the Solubility Limit on the Short-Range Order of M−C and M−O Melts,”Mosk. Inst. Stali. Splav., 14, 126–130 (1971). (Crys Structure, Thermo; Experimental)Google Scholar
  23. 71Mir: I.S. Miroshnichenko, G.A. Sergeev and I. Galushko, “Metastable Diagrams in Ni−C and Co−C Systems,”Diagrammy Sostoyanioya Met. Sist. Mater. Vses. Soveschky, 164 (1971). (Equi Diagram)Google Scholar
  24. 71Wad: T. Wada, H. Wada, J.F. Elliott, and J. Chipman, “Thermodynamics of the fcc Fe−Ni−C and Ni−C Alloys,”Metall. Trans., 2, 2199–2207 (1971). (Thermo)Google Scholar
  25. 72Emi: T. Emi, “Theoretical Calculation of the Solubility of Nitrogen and Carbon in Liquid Iron, Cobalt and Nickel,”Acta Metall., 20, 381–386 (1972). (Thermo)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 72Mat: N. Matsumoto, T. Masawa, S. Kuro, and T. Ototani, “Periodic Microstructure in Unidirectionally Solidified Ni−C Ingots,”Sci. Rep. Res. Inst. Tohoku Univ., 24A(3), 87–96 (1972). (Crys Structure; Experimental)Google Scholar
  27. 73Nat: K. Natesan and T.F. Kassner, “Thermodynamics of Carbon in Nickel, Iron-Nickel and Iron-Chromium-Nickel Alloys,”Metall. Trans., 4, 2557–2566 (1973). (Thermo; Experimental)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 73Tum: H. Tuma, M. Matasova, and M. Sittnee, “Temperature Dependence of the Solubility and Activity of Carbon in Pure Nickel,”Kovove Mater. 11, 34–42 (1973). (Crys Structure, Thermo)Google Scholar
  29. 74Lny: V.N. L’nyanoi and A.K. Fetisov, “Solubility of Carbon in Nickel in the Solid State,”Izv. Akad. Nauk. SSSR, Met., (1), 174–177 (1974). (Equi Diagram; Thermo)Google Scholar
  30. 75Fed: V.B. Federov, M. K. Shorshorov, N.N. Shipkov, G.V. Gusev, D.K. Khakimova, and N.G. Protsenko, “Metastable Phase Diagrams,”Dokl. Akad, Nauk. SSSR, 221(16), 1385–1387 (1975). (Equi Diagram, Thermo; Experimental)Google Scholar
  31. 75Poz: Y.V. Pozhidaev, B.P. Burylev, and I.E. Dobrovinskii, “Study of the Solubility of C in Molten Ni and Co,”Izv. V.U.Z. Chernaya Metall., (10), 22–25 (1975). (Thermo; Experimental)Google Scholar
  32. 76Mah: A.D. Mah, “Contributions to the Data on Theoretical Metallurgy: XVI. Thermodynamic Properties of Nickel and Its Inorganic Compounds,” U. S. Dept. of Interior, Bureau of Mines (1976). (Thermo)Google Scholar
  33. 77Tum: H. Tuma, M. Rysava, and V. Landa, “Precise Analysis for the Determination of Thermodynamic Values in the System Ni−C with Respect to Ni−CrC,”Mikrochim. Acta, 7, 477–486 (1977). (Thermo; Experimental)Google Scholar
  34. 78Kau: L. Kaufman and H. Nesor, “Coupled Phase Diagrams and Thermochemical Data for Transition Metal Binary Systems-IV.,”Calphad, 2(4), 295–318 (1978). (Thermo, Equi Diagram)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 78Poz: Y.V. Pozhidsev and B.P. Burylev, “Thermodynamic Properties of Components of the Nickel-Carbon System,”Sib. Metall. Inst., 52, 1776–1778 (1978). (Thermo)Google Scholar
  36. 78Ryk: N.N. Rykalin, M.K. Shorshorov, V.B. Fedorov, and A.A. Kovalenko, “Metastable M−C Phase Diagrams at High Temperatures and Pressures,”Fiz. Khim. Obrab. Mater., (5), 122–127 (1978). (Equi Diagram, Thermo; Experimental)Google Scholar
  37. 78Sch: F.C. Schouten, E. Tebrake, O.L.J. Gijzeman, and G.A. Bootsma, “Dissolution of Carbon into Nickel through the (110) Surface,”Surf. Sci., 74, 1–12 (1978). (Equi Diagram; Experimental)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  38. 79Svo: M. Svoboda and L. Karmazin, “Remark on the Determination of Solubility of Carbon in Nickel,”Kovove Mater., 17, 134–136 (1979). (Equi Diagram, Thermo)Google Scholar
  39. 80Ale: V.I. Alekseev and I.V. Degtyarev, “Partial Thermodynamic Properties and Solubility of Carbon in Nickel,”Diagrammy Sostoyaniya Tugoplavk. Sist. Kiev, 138–147 (1980). (Thermo; Experimental)Google Scholar
  40. 81Ers: T.P. Ershova, D.S. Kamenetskaya, and L.P. Il’Ina, “Calculation of theT-P-X Phase Diagram of the Ni−C System for Pressures Up To 100 kbar,”Izv. Akad. Nauk SSSR, Met., (4), 201–210 (1981). (Equi Diagram, Thermo)Google Scholar
  41. 81Mcl: R.B. McLellan and M. Yoshihara, “Thermodynamics of Nickel-Carbon Solid Solutions,”J. Phys. Chem. Solids, 42, 445–456 (1981). (Thermo)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. 82Ale: V.I. Alekseev and I.V. Degtyareva, “Thermodynamic Activity of Carbon in Solid Nickel,”Izv. V.U.Z. Chernaya Metall., 11, 5–9 (1982). (Thermo; Experimental)Google Scholar
  43. 82Bra: D.J. Bradley, J.M. Leitnaker, and F.H. Horne, “Thermodynamics of Carbon in Ni−C Alloys from 900 to 1215°C,”High Temp. Sci., 15, 187–198 (1982). (Thermo, Equi Diagram; Experimental)Google Scholar
  44. 82Poz: Y.V. Pozhidsev and B.P. Burylev, “Thermodynamics of Carbon Dissolution in Molten Nickel and Cobalt,”77 Sib. Metall. Inst., 6, 9–11 (1982). (Thermo, Equi Diagram)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Singleton
    • 1
  • P. Nash
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Metallurgical and Materials EngineeringIllinois Institute of TechnologyChicago

Personalised recommendations