Annals of Behavioral Medicine

, Volume 33, Issue 2, pp 124–131 | Cite as

Choice of interactive dance and bicycle games in overweight and nonoverweight youth

  • Leonard H. Epstein
  • Meghan D. Beecher
  • Jennifer L. Graf
  • James N. Roemmich


Background: Interactive video games are a popular alternative to physical activity in youth. One advancement in computer games are interactive games that use physical activity as a game playing controller, combining exercise and entertainment, or exertainment.Purpose: This study tested the reinforcing value and activity levels of interactive dance and bicycle race games in 18 overweight and 17 non-overweight 8- to 12-year-old youth.Methods: Reinforcing value was studied using a behavioral choice paradigm that provided children the opportunity to respond on progressive ratio schedules of reinforcement for a choice of either playing the video dance or bicycle game using a handheld video game controller or one of three options: dancing or bicycling alone, dancing or bicycling while watching a video, or playing the interactive dance or bicycle game. Reinforcing value was defined in relationship to the amount of responding children engaged in for either choice.Results: Results showed the interactive dance game was more reinforcing than dancing alone or dancing while watching the video (p=.003), but there was no difference across bicycling conditions. Nonoverweight youth were more active when given the opportunity to play the interactive dance game than overweight children (p=.05).Conclusions: These results suggest that children may be motivated to be active when given the opportunity to play an interactive dance game.


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Copyright information

© The Society of Behavioral Medicine 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Leonard H. Epstein
    • 1
  • Meghan D. Beecher
    • 1
  • Jennifer L. Graf
    • 1
  • James N. Roemmich
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PediatricsUniversity at BuffaloUSA

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