Science in China Series B: Chemistry

, Volume 44, Issue 3, pp 315–319

A principle to correlate extreme values of excess thermodynamic functions with partial molar quantities

Article

Abstract

Excess thermodynamic properties are widely used quantitatively for fluids. It was found that at constant temperature and pressure a molar excess quantity of a mutually miscible binary mixture at the extreme points equals the excess partial molar quantities of the two components, i.e.FE1=FE2=FEm, forming a triple cross point. The relationship is hold for properties such as enthalpy, entropy, Gibbs free energy, and volume, and is applicable for excess functions with multi extreme points. Solutions at extreme points can be referred to as special mixtures. Particularly for a special mixture of Gibbs free energy, activity coefficients of the two components are identical.

Keywords

excess properties Gibbs energy activity coefficient enthalpy triple cross point 

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Copyright information

© Science in China Press 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of ChemistryTsinghua UniversityBeijingChina

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