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Advances in Therapy

, Volume 24, Issue 5, pp 1085–1097 | Cite as

Effectiveness of mesalamine and propolis in experimental colitis

  • Ahmet Aslan
  • Muhyittin Temiz
  • Esin Atik
  • Gurbuz Polat
  • Nuray Sahinler
  • Elmir Besirov
  • Nedim Aban
  • Cem Kaan Parsak
Article

Abstract

This study was conducted to investigate the effects of propolis and mesalamine on experimental colitis in rats. Distal colitis was induced in rats by intracolonic instillation of 2 mL of 4% acetic acid. The animals were randomly assigned to 5 groups: group 1, control, (n=8); group 2, colitis, received no treatment (n=8); group 3, colitis+mesalamine, 2 mL once a day via an enema (n=8); group 4, colitis+propolis, 600 mg/kg once a day via intragastric lavage (n=8); and group 5, colitis+ mesalamine+propolis for 1 wk (n=8). Levels of nitric oxide were statistically significantly different in comparisons between groups 1 and 2, groups 2 and 3, and groups 4 and 5. Malondialdehyde levels were significantly different when group 2 was compared with groups 3, 4, and 5. A significant difference was observed when group 3 was compared with group 4 for myeloperoxidase. Most propolis-treated rats had normal histology; mesalamine-treated and propolis+mesalamine-treated rats had inflammatory cell infiltration at rates of 50% and 33%, respectively. The investigators concluded that propolis and mesalamine are efficient independently and in combination, but that their combined effect was not observed to be additive in experimental colitis.

Keywords

mesalamine propolis experimental colitis 

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Copyright information

© Health Communications Inc 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ahmet Aslan
    • 1
  • Muhyittin Temiz
    • 1
  • Esin Atik
    • 2
  • Gurbuz Polat
    • 3
  • Nuray Sahinler
    • 4
  • Elmir Besirov
    • 5
  • Nedim Aban
    • 5
  • Cem Kaan Parsak
    • 6
  1. 1.Department of General SurgeryMustafa Kemal UniversityAntakya-HatayTurkey
  2. 2.Department of Pathology, Faculty of MedicineMustafa Kemal UniversityAntakya-HatayTurkey
  3. 3.Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of MedicineMersin UniversityMersinTurkey
  4. 4.Faculty of AgricultureMustafa Kemal UniversityAntakya-HatayTurkey
  5. 5.Department of General Surgery, Faculty of MedicineMustafa Kemal UniversityAntakya-HatayTurkey
  6. 6.Department of General SurgeryCukurova University Medical FacultyBalcali, AdanaTurkey

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