Folia Microbiologica

, 20:236 | Cite as

Phyllosphere microflora of some Egyptian plants

  • A. M. A. Wahab


The fungal and bacterial flora of the leaf surfaces of five plants growing in Egypt were studied. The fungal flora showed seasonal fluctuations with at least one peak. Twenty three genera with fifty three species were found,Aspergillus andPenicillium being most common. Other fungi showed variable percentages of the total count. Nitrogen-fixing bacteria were not isolated from the phyllosphere of the five plant species. Micrococci were most predominant among the epiphytic bacteria. Spore-forming bacteria and actinomycetes were less frequent on the leaf surfaces of the associated plants.


Leaf Surface Saccharum Bacterial Flora Alternaria Alternata Epiphytic Bacterium 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. Abdel Hafez S. I.: Studies on grain storage fungi.M. Sc. Thesis, Faculty of Science, Asyut University (1971).Google Scholar
  2. Abdel Malek Y.: Free living nitrogen fixing bacteria in Egyptian soils and their possible contribution to soil fertility.Plant and Soil, Special Vol. 423 (1971).Google Scholar
  3. Bessems E. P. H.: Nitrogen fixation in the phyllosphere of gramineae. Agric. Res. Report 786, Centre for Agricultural Documentation, Wageningen, 1973.Google Scholar
  4. Breed R. S., Murray E. G., Smith N. R.: Bergey’s Manual of Determinative Bacteriology 7th Ed. Bailliere, Tindall & Cox. Ltd. London, 1957.Google Scholar
  5. Brown M. E., Burlingham S. K., Jackson R. M.: Studies onAzotobacter species in soil. L. Comparison of media and techniques for countingAzotobacter in soil.Plant and Soil 17, 309 (1962).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Dickinson C. H.: Fungal colonization ofPisum leaves.Canad. J. Bot. 45, 915 (1967).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Dransfeild M.: The fungal air spora at Samaru, Northern Nigeria.Trans. Brit. Mycol. Soc. 49, 121 (1966).Google Scholar
  8. Gregory P. H.: The Microbiology of Atmosphere, Leonard Hill. London, 1961.Google Scholar
  9. Harrigan W. F., McCanee Margaret E.: Laboratory Methods in Microbiology. Acad. Press, London, 1966.Google Scholar
  10. Hirst J. M., Stedman O. J.: The liberation of fungus spores by rain drops.J. Gen. Microbiol. 33, 335 (1963).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. Hogg B., Hudson H. J.: Microfungi on leaves ofFagus sylvatica. I. The microfungal succession.Trans. Brit. Mycol. Soc. 49, 188 (1966).Google Scholar
  12. Hudson H. J.: Aspergilli in the air spora at Cambridge.Trans. Brit. Mycol. Soc. 52, 153 (1969).Google Scholar
  13. Kerling L. C. P.: De Microflora op het blad vanBeta vulgaris L.Tijdschr. Plantenziekten 64, 402 (1958)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Kerling L. C. P.: Fungi in the phyllosphere of leaves oforange and strawberry.Mededel Land bouwhageschool opzaekin Staat, Gent,29, 885 (1964).Google Scholar
  15. Klincare A. A., Kreslina D. J., Mishke I. V.: Composition and activity of the epiphytic microflora of some agricultural plants, p. 191 inEcology of Leaf Surface Microorganisms. (Eds. T. F. Preece and C. H. Dickinson) Academic Press, London (1971).Google Scholar
  16. Last F. T.: Seasonal incidence Sporoliobomyces on cereal leaves.Trans. Brit. Mycol. Soc. 38, 221 (1965).Google Scholar
  17. Leben C.: Microorganisms on cucumber seedlings.Phytopathol. 51, 553 (1961).Google Scholar
  18. Leben C., Daft, G. C.: Population variation of epiphytic bacteria.Canad. J. Microbiol. 13, 1151 (1967).Google Scholar
  19. Moubasher A. H., El-Dohlob, S. M.: Seasonal fluctuation of Egyptian soil fungi.Trans. Brit. Mycol. Soc. 54, 33 (1971).Google Scholar
  20. Moubasher A. H., Moustafa, A. F.: A survey of Egyptian soil fungi with special reference toAspergillus, Penicillium and Penicillium-related genera.Trans. Brit. Mycol. Soc. 54, 45 (1971).Google Scholar
  21. Moubasher A. H., Moustafa A. F.:Aspergillus egyptiacus sp. nov.Egypt. J. Bot. 15, 153 (1972).Google Scholar
  22. Moubasher A. H., Moustafa A. F.: Air-borne fungi at Assiut, Egypt.Egypt. J. Bot. (In press).Google Scholar
  23. Moubasher A. H., El-Naghy M. A., Abdel-Fattah H. M.: Citrus plantation fungi in Upper Egypt.Trans. Brit. Mycol. Soc. 57, 289 (1971).Google Scholar
  24. Moustafa A. F.: Studies on Egyptian fungi in soil and air. Ph. D. Thesis, Faculty of Science, Asyut University, 1971.Google Scholar
  25. Pawsey R. G., Heath L. A. F.: An investigation of the spore population of air at Nottingham.Trans. Brit. Mycol. Soc. 47, 351 (1964).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Preece T. F., Dickinson C. H.:Ecology of the Leaf Surface Microorganisms. Academic Press, London (1971).Google Scholar
  27. Ruinen J.: Occurrence ofBeijerinckia species in the phyllosphere.Nature 177, 220 (1956).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Ruinen J.: Phyllosphere: 1. An ecologically neglected milieu.Plant and Soil 15, 81 (1961).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Ruinen J.: The phyllosphere. III. Nitrogen fixation in the phyllosphere.Plant and Soil 22, 375 (1965).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Ruinen J.: The grass sheath as a site for nitrogen fixation, p. 567. inEcology of Leaf Surface Microorganisms, (Eds. T. F. Preece and C. H. Dickinson), Academic Press, London, (1971).Google Scholar
  31. Saad S. I.: Studies on atmospheric pollen grains and fungus spores at Alexandria.Egypt. J. Bot. 1, 63 (1958).Google Scholar
  32. Sinha S.: The microflora on leaves ofCapsicum annuum (L.) Watt E. D.,Solanum melongena L.,Solanum tuberosum L. andLycopersicum esculentum Mill. p. 463 inEcology of Leaf Surface Microorganisms. (Eds. T. F. Preece and C. H. Dickinson), Academic Press, London (1971).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Institute of Microbiology, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic 1975

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. M. A. Wahab
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of BotanyThe Asyut UniversityAsyutEgypt

Personalised recommendations