Elliptic curves and their torsion subgroups over number fields of type (2, 2, ..., 2)
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Suppose thatE: y 2 =x(x + M) (x + N) is an elliptic curve, whereM N are rational numbers (#0, ±1), and are relatively prime. LetK be a number field of type (2,...,2) with degree 2′. For arbitrary n, the structure of the torsion subgroup E(K) tors of theK-rational points (Mordell group) ofE is completely determined here. Explicitly given are the classification, criteria and parameterization, as well as the groups E(K) tors themselves. The order of E( K)tors is also proved to be a power of 2 for anyn. Besides, for any elliptic curveE over any number field F, it is shown that E( L)tors = E( F) tors holds for almost all extensionsL/F of degree p(a prime number). These results have remarkably developed the recent results by Kwon about torsion subgroups over quadratic fields.
Keywordselliptic curve Mordell group torsion subgroup number field
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