Journal of Phase Equilibria

, Volume 8, Issue 2, pp 140–147 | Cite as

The Cd−O (Cadmium-Oxygen) system

  • H. A. Wriedt


Cadmium Equi Diagram Alloy Phase Diagram Crys Structure Cadmium Oxide 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Cited References

  1. 06Man: W. Manchot, “Note on the Burning of Cadmium,”Ber. Dtsch. Chem. Ges., 39, 1170–1171 (1906) in German. (Equi Diagram; Experimental)Google Scholar
  2. 11Tel: I.S. Teletov, “Inorganic Peroxides. I. Preparation of the Peroxides of Cadmium and Zinc,”J. Russ. Phys. Chem. Soc., 43, 131–135 (1911);Chem. Abst., 6, 43 (1912). (Equi Diagram; Experimental)Google Scholar
  3. 20Dav: W.P. Davey and E.O. Hoffman, “Crystal Analysis of Metallic Oxides,”Phys. Rev., 15, 333 (1920). (Crys Structure; Experimental)Google Scholar
  4. 22Sch: P. Scherrer, “The Space Lattice of Cadmium Oxide,”Z. Kristallogr., 57, 186–189 (1923) in German. (Crys Structure; Experimental)Google Scholar
  5. 26Fer: A. Ferrari, “The Suboxide of Lead,”Gazz. Chim. Ital, 56, 630–637 (1926) in Italian. (Equi Diagram; Experimental)Google Scholar
  6. 27Gol: V.M. Goldschmidt, “Geochemical Distribution Laws of the Elements. VIII. Researches on the Structure and Properties of Crystals,”Skrifter Norske Videnskaps-Akad. Oslo. I. Matemat.-Naturv. Klasse 1926, No. 8, 7–156 (1927); cited by [31Ewa]. (Crys Structure; Experimental, Review)Google Scholar
  7. 27Wal: H.P. Walmsley, “II. The Structure of the Smoke Particles from a Cadmium Arc,”Proc. Phys. Soc. (London), 40, 7–13 (1927) (Crys Structure; Experimental)ADSGoogle Scholar
  8. 28Mil: R.W. Millar, “The Heat Capacity at Low Temperatures of Zinc Oxide and of Cadmium Oxide,”J. Am. Chem. Soc., 50, 2653–2656 (1928). (Thermo; Experimental)Google Scholar
  9. 29Bre: J. Brentano and J. Adamson, “LIX. Precision Measurements of X-Ray Reflexions from Crystal Powders. The Lattice Constants of Zinc Carbonate, Manganese Carbonate, and Cadmium Oxide,”Philos. Mag. (Ser. 7), 8, 507–517 (1929). (Crys Structure; Experimental)Google Scholar
  10. 29Fei:-Feiser “On the Volatility of Oxides of Lead, Cadmiaum, Zinc and Tin,”Metall Erz, 26(11), 269–284 (1929) in German. (Thermo; Experimental)Google Scholar
  11. 29Ful: M.L. Fuller, “LXI. Precision Measurements of X-Ray Reflexions from Crystal Powders,”Philos. Mag. (Ser. 7), 8, 585–586 (1929) (Crys Structure; Experimental)Google Scholar
  12. 29Nat: G. Natta and L. Passerini, “Solid Solutions, Isomorphism and ‘Simmorfismo’, among the Oxides of Bivalent Metals. I. Systems CaO−CdO, CaO−MnO, CaO−CoO, CaO−NiO, CaO−MgO,”Gazz. Chim. Ital., 59, 129–143 (1929) in Italian. (Crys Structure; Experimental)Google Scholar
  13. 29Per: T.R. Perkins, “CCXXIII.—Cadmium and Beryllium Peroxides,”J. Chem. Soc. (London), 1687–1691 (1929). (Equi Diagram; Experimental)Google Scholar
  14. 31Ewa: P.P. Ewald and C. Hermann,Strukturbericht 1913–1928, Akademische Verlagsgesellschaft M.B.H., Leipzig, 120 (1931) in German; Reproduction: Edwards Brothers, Ann Arbor, MI (1943). (Crys Structure; Compilation)Google Scholar
  15. 31Ksa: C.J. Ksanda, “Comparison Standards for the Powder Spectrum Method: NiO and CdO,”Am. J. Sci., 22, 131–138 (1931). (Crys Structure; Experimental)ADSGoogle Scholar
  16. 33Rau: H.H. von Baumbach and C. Wagner, “The Electrical Conductivity of Zinc Oxide and Cadmium Oxide,”Z. Phys. Chem., B, 22, 199–211 (1933) in German. (Crys Structure; Experimental)Google Scholar
  17. 33Bec: G. Becker and W.A. Roth, “On the Heat of Formation of Cadmium Oxide, Cadmium Hydroxide and Zinc Oxide,”Z. Phys. Chem., A, 167, 1–15 (1933) in German. (Thermo; Experimental)Google Scholar
  18. 33Gre: G. Greenwood, “A Note on the Debye-Scherrer Photograph,”Indian J. Phys., 8, 269–273 (1933). (Crys Structure; Experimental)Google Scholar
  19. 33Hin: W.B. Hincke, “The Vapor Pressure of Cadmium Oxide,”J. Am. Chem. Soc., 55(3), 1751–1753 (1933). (Thermo; Experimental)Google Scholar
  20. 34Hol: W.R.A. Hollens and J.F. Spencer, “The Non-Existence of Cadmous Compounds,”J. Chem. Soc. (London) 1062–1063 (1934). (Equi Diagram; Experimental)Google Scholar
  21. 36Hed: R.E. Hedger and H. Terrey, “The Suboxides and Subhalides of Cadmium,”Trans. Faraday. Soc., 32, 1614–1616 (1936). (Equi Diagram; Experimental)Google Scholar
  22. 36Kud: O.K. Kudra and K.N. Ivanov, “Oxidation Processes at the Cathode,”J. Phys. Chem., 40, 769–779 (1936). (Equi Diagram; Experimental)Google Scholar
  23. 38Eme: H.J. Emeléus and J.S. Anderson,Modern Aspects of Inorganic Chemistry, D. Van Nostrand Co., New York, 342 (1938). (Equi Diagram; Review)Google Scholar
  24. 38Fai: R. Faivre and A. Michel, “Variations of the Crystal Parameter of Cadmium Oxide by Insertion of Cadmium Atoms into Its Lattice,”C.R. Acad. Sci. (Paris), 207, 159–161 (1938) in French. (Crys Structure; Experimental)Google Scholar
  25. 38Han: J.D. Hanawalt, H.W. Rinn and L.K. Frevel, “Chemical Analysis by X-Ray Diffraction. Classification and Use of X-Ray Diffraction Patterns,”Ind. Eng. Chem., Anal. Ed., 10, 457–512 (1938). (Crys Structure; Experimental)Google Scholar
  26. 40Fel: J.C. Felipe, “Precision Measurements of the Lattice Constants of Crystals by Means of the Debye-Scherrer Method,”Rev. Real Acad. Cienc. Exact. Fis. Nat., Madrid, 34, 180–195 (1940) in Spanish; Tr:Chem. Abst., 45, 3215h (1951). (Crys Structure; Experimental)Google Scholar
  27. 41Uye: K. Uyeno, “Determination of the Vapor Pressure of Solid Salts. IV. The Vapor Pressures of WO3, MoO3, CdO, and TeO2 and Their Thermodynamic Values,”J. Chem. Soc. Jpn., 62, 990–994 (1941) in Japanese; TR:Chem. Abst., 41, 2632e and 5355e (1947). (Thermo; Experimental)Google Scholar
  28. 42Mak: I. A. Makolkin, “Electrochemical Determination of Thermodynamic Constants of Oxides of Several Metals,”J. Phys. Chem. (USSR), 16, 13–17 (1942) in Russian; TR:Chem. Abst., 37, 2641 (1943). (Thermo; Experimental)Google Scholar
  29. 44Fai: R. Faivre, “Contribution to the Study of ActiveOxides and of the Problem of Metallic Sub-Oxides,”Ann. Chim. (Ser. 11), 19, 58–101 (1944) in French. (Equi Diagram, Crys Structure; Experimental)Google Scholar
  30. 50Gru: W. Gruhl and G. Wassermann, “On the Oxidation of Cadmium and Cadmium Alloy Melts,”Z. Metallkd., 41, 178–184 (1950) in German. (Meta Phases; Experimental)Google Scholar
  31. 51Bre: L. Brewer and D. F. Mastick, “The Stability of Gaseous Diatomic Oxides,”J. Chem. Phys., 19(7), 834–843 (1951). (Thermo; Experimental, Review)ADSGoogle Scholar
  32. 51Hog: C. A. Hogarth, “Some Conduction Properties of the Oxides of Cadmium and Nickel,”Proc. Phys. Soc., (London), B, 64, 691–700 (1951). (Crys Structure; Experimental)ADSGoogle Scholar
  33. 53Swa: H. E. Swanson and R. K. Fuyat, “Standard X-Ray Diffraction Powder Patterns,” National Bureau of Standards (US), Circular 539,2, 27–28 (1953). (Crys Structure; Compilation, Experimental)Google Scholar
  34. 54Mah: A. D. Mah, “Heats of Formation of Chromium Oxide and Cadmium Oxide from Combustion Calorimetry,”J. Am. Chem. Soc., 76, 3363–3365 (1954). (Thermo; Experimental)Google Scholar
  35. 54Sch: D. L. Schechter and J. Kleinberg, “Reactions of Some Metal Salts with Alkali Superoxides in Liquid Ammonia,”J Am. Chem. Soc., 76, 3297–3300 (1954). (Equi Diagram; Experimental)Google Scholar
  36. 54Vol: I. I. Vol'nov, “Thermography of Peroxide Compounds,”Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR, 94(3), 477–479 (1954) in Russian. (Equi Diagram; Experimental)Google Scholar
  37. 55And: A. I. Andrievskii and I. V. Kutovyi, “Determination of the Molecular Structure of the Gaseous Metal Oxides Which are Formed by Electric Discharge in Gas,”Nauch. Zapiski L'vov. Politekh. Inst., Ser. Khim.-Teckhnol, 29(1), 7–13 (1955);Chem. Abst., 51, 8531d (1957). (Crys Structure; Experimental)Google Scholar
  38. 56Eng: H.-J. Engel, “Electrochemical Determination of the Deviation from Stoichiometry in Metal Oxides,”Z. Elektrochem., 60(8), 905–911 (1956) in German. (Equi Diagram, Crys Structure; Experimental)Google Scholar
  39. 56Gil: I. G. F. Gilbert and J. A. Kitchener, “The Dissociation Pressure of Cadmium Oxide,”J. Chem. Soc. (London), 3919–3921 (1956). (Thermo; Experimental)Google Scholar
  40. 56Van: N.-G. Vannerberg, “On the Formation and Structure of Cadmium Peroxides,”Arkiv Kemi, 10(31), 455–459 (1956). (Equi Diagram, Crys Structure; Experimental)Google Scholar
  41. 58Vol: I. I. Vol'nov, “Heating Curves of Hydrates of the Second Group of Metal Peroxides,”Zh. Neorg. Khim., 3, 538–539, (1958) in Russian; TR:Russ. J. Inorg. Chem., 3, 402–403 (1958). (Equi Diagram; Experimental)Google Scholar
  42. 59Hof: C. W. W. Hoffmann, R. C. Ropp, and R. W. Mooney, “Preparation, Properties and Structure of Cadmium Peroxide,”J. Am. Chem. Soc., 81, 3830–3834 (1959). (Equi Diagram, Crys Structure; Experimental)Google Scholar
  43. 60Cim: A. Cimino and M. Marezio, “Lattice Parameter and Defect Structure of Cadmium Oxide Containing Foreign Atoms,”J. Phys. Chem. Solids, 17(1/2), 57–64 (1960). (Crys Structure; Experimental)ADSGoogle Scholar
  44. 61Boi: V. F. Boiko, “Investigation of the Peroxide Compounds of Cadmium,”Izv. V. U. Z. Khim. Khim. Tekhnol, 4, 171–175 (1961) in Russian. (Equi Diagram; Experimental)Google Scholar
  45. 61Kel: K. K. Kelley and E. G. King, “Contributions to the Data on Theoretical Metallurgy XIV. Entropies of the Elements and Inorganic Compounds,” Bulletin 592, U.S. Bur. Mines 24–25 (1961). (Thermo; Compilation)Google Scholar
  46. 61Rot: R. S. Roth, “Phase Equilibria in the System Cadmium Oxide-Niobium Oxide,”J. Am. Ceram. Soc., 44(1), 49–50 (1961). (Equi Diagram; Experimental)Google Scholar
  47. 62Chi: D. M. Chizhikov,Cadmium, Izv. Akad. Nauk SSSR, Moscow (1962) in Russian; TR: Pergamon, New York (1966). (Equi Diagram; Review)Google Scholar
  48. 62Hau: R. Haul and D. Just, “Disorder and Oxygen Transport in Cadmium Oxide,”J. Appl. Phys., Suppl., 33(1), 487–493 (1962). (Crys Structure; Experimental)ADSGoogle Scholar
  49. 62Hou: S. van Houten, “Preparation of Single Crystals of Cadmium Oxide,”Nature, 195, 484–485 (1962). (Crys Structure; Experimental)ADSGoogle Scholar
  50. 62Lam: E. F. Lamb and F. C. Tompkins, “Semi-Conductivity and Thermoelectric Power of Cadmium Oxide,”Trans. Faraday Soc., 58, 1424–1438 (1962). (Crys Structure; Experimental)Google Scholar
  51. 62Rop: R. C. Ropp and M. A. Aia, “Thermal Analysis of Phosphor Raw Materials,”Anal. Chem., 34(10), 1288–1291 (1962). (Equi Diagram; Experimental)Google Scholar
  52. 62Van: N.-G. Vannerberg, “Peroxides, Superoxides, and Ozonides of the Metals of Groups Ia, IIa; and IIb,”Prog. Inorg. Chem., 4, 125–197 (1962). (Crys Structure; Review)Google Scholar
  53. 63Gle: O. Glemser and U. Stöcker, “The Dissociation Equilibrium CdO(s)=Cd(g)+0.5O2(g),”Ber. Bunsenges. Phys. Chem., 67(5), 505–509 (1963) in German. (Thermo; Experimental)Google Scholar
  54. 63Wil: D. E. Wilcox and L. A. Bromley, “Computer Estimation of Heat and Free Energy of Formation for Simple Inorganic Compounds,”Ind. Eng. Chem., 55(7), 32–39 (1963). (Thermo; Theory)Google Scholar
  55. 65Mez: R. Mezaki, E. W. Tilleux, T. F. Jambois, and J. L. Margrave, “High-Temperature Thermodynamic Functions for Refractory Compounds,”Adv. in Thermophys. Prop. at Extreme Temp. and Press., 3rd Symp. on Thermophys. Prop., Am. Soc., Mech. Eng., New York, 138–145 (1965). (Thermo; Experimental)Google Scholar
  56. 66Kha: A. A. Khan, “X-Ray Studies on Some Crystals,” diss. Osmania University, Hyderabad, India (1966); cited by [71Str] and [72Str]. (Crys Structure; Experimental)Google Scholar
  57. 66Per: E. A. Perez-Albuerne, H. L. Clendenen, R. W. Lynch, and H. G. Drickamer, “Effect of Very High Pressure on the Structure of Some HCP Metals and Alloys,”Phys. Rev. (Ser. 2, 142(2), 392–399 (1966). (Pressure; Experimental)Google Scholar
  58. 67Fin: H. Finkenrath and M. von Ortenberg, “The Influence of Sintering Temperature on the Density and Mobility of Conduction Electrons in Cadmium Oxide,”Z. Angew. Phys., 22(4), 279–281 (1967) in German. (Crys Structure; Experimental)Google Scholar
  59. 68Kod: K. Kodera, I. Kusunoki, and S. Shimizu, “Dissociation Pressures of Various Metallic Oxides,”Bull. Chem. Soc. Jpn., 41, 1035–1045 (1968). (Thermo; Experimental)Google Scholar
  60. 68Mic: D. Michell and A. P. Smith, “The Nature of Oxide Layers on Single Crystals of Cadmium and Magnesium,”Phys. Status Solidi, 27, 291–300 (1968). (Crys Structure; Experimental)Google Scholar
  61. 68Wag: D. D. Wagman, W. H. Evans, V. B. Parker, I. Halow, S. M. Baily, and R. H. Schumm, Selected Values of Chemical Thermodynamic Properties. Tables for the First Thirty Four Elements in the Standard Order of Arrangement, National Bureau of Standards (U. S.) Tech. Note 270–3, U. S. Govt. Printing Office (1968). (Thermo; Compilation)Google Scholar
  62. 69Sin: H. P. Singh and B. Dayal, “Lattice Parameters of Cadmium Oxide at Elevated Temperatures,”Solid State Commun., 7, 725–726 (1969). (Crys Structure; Experimental)ADSGoogle Scholar
  63. 70Had: S. A. Hadi, I. F. Hewaidy, F. A. Khadre, and M. S. Farag, “Lattice Defects in Cadmium Oxide,”United Arab Republ. J. Phys, 1(2), 185–192 (1970). (Crys Structure; Experimental)Google Scholar
  64. 70Kof: F. P. Koffyberg, “Electronic Conduction and Defect Equilibria in CdO Single Crystals,”J. Solid State Chem., 2, 176–181 (1970). (Crys Structure; Experimental)ADSGoogle Scholar
  65. 71Kof: F. P. Koffyberg, “Electron Concentration and Mobility in Semimetallic CdO,”Can. J. Phys., 49, 435–440 (1971) (Crys Structure; Experimental)ADSGoogle Scholar
  66. 71Str: M. E. Straumanis, P. M. Vora, and A. A. Khan, “Lattice Parameter and Thermal Expansion Coefficient of CdO Between 40 and 1300 K. Defect Structure of the Oxide,”Z. Anorg. Allgem. Chem., 383, 211–219 (1971) in German. (Crys Structure; Experimental)Google Scholar
  67. 72Hay: S. Hayashi, “Growth and Electrical Properties of Cadmium Oxide Single Crystals,”Rev. Electr. Commun. Lab., 20(7/8), 698–709 (1972). (Crys Structure; Experimental)Google Scholar
  68. 72Mil: K. C. Mills, “The Heat Capacities of Ga2O3(c), Tl2O3(c), ZnO(c) and CdO(c),”High Temp.—High Pressures, 4, 371–377 (1972) (Thermo; Experimental)Google Scholar
  69. 72Str: M. E. Straumanis, P. M. Vora, G. Lewis, and A. A. Khan, “Lattice Parameters and Thermal Expansion Coefficients of CdO Between 40 and 1300 K. Density and Defect Structure of the Oxide,”Trans. Missouri Acad. Sci., 6, 92–101 (1972). (Crys Structure; Experimental)Google Scholar
  70. 73Bar: I. Barin and O. Knacke,Thermochemical Properties of Inorganic Substances, Verlag Stahleisen m. b. H, Düsseldorf (1973); cited by [81Ots]. (Thermo; Compilation)Google Scholar
  71. 74Coy: R. T. Coyle, Jr. and G. Lewis, “Knudsen Effusion Study of the Vaporization of CdO(s),”J. Am. Ceram. Soc., 57(9), 398–400 (1974). (Thermo; Experimental)Google Scholar
  72. 75Mil: A. R. Miller, “The Vaporization of Cadmium Oxide by Knudsen Effusion,”High Temp. Sci., 7, 126–130 (1975). (Thermo; Experimental)Google Scholar
  73. 78Cox: J. D. Cox, “CODATA Recommended Key Values for Thermodynamics, 1977. Report of the CODATA Task Group on Key Values of Thermodynamics, 1977,”J. Chem. Thermodyn., 903–906 (1978). (Thermo; Compilation)Google Scholar
  74. 78Gra: M. Grade, W. Hirschwald and F. Stolze, “Detection and Thermal Behavior of CdO Gas over Solid CdO,”Ber. Bunsenges. Phys. Chem., 82, 152–153 (1978) in German. (Thermo; Experimental)Google Scholar
  75. 79Kje: A. Kjekshus and T. Rakke, “Preparations and Properties of Magnesium, Copper, Zinc and Cadmium Dichalcogenides,”Acta Chem. Scand., A, 33, 617–620 (1979). (Crys Structure; Experimental)Google Scholar
  76. 80Gra: M. Grade and W. Hirschwald, “Equilibrium Gas Phase Composition of IIB/VIA Compounds and Identification of Gaseous MeX(g) Molecules,”Z. Anorg. Allgem. Chem., 460, 106–114 (1980). (Thermo; Experimental)Google Scholar
  77. 80Pro: E. S. Prochaska and L. Andrews, “Infrared, Raman, and Visible Spectroscopic Studies of Zn and Cd Matrix Reactions with Ozone Spectra of Metal Ozonides and Oxides in Solid Argon and Nitrogen,”J. Chem. Phys., 72(12), 6782–6793 (1980). (Equi Diagram; Experimental)ADSGoogle Scholar
  78. 81Beh: R.G. Behrens and C.F.V. Mason, “A Mass Spectrometric Investigation of the Vaporization Thermodynamics and Vapor Composition of Cadmium Oxide,”J. Less-Common Met., 77, 169–184 (1981). Thermo; Experimental)Google Scholar
  79. 81Ots: S. Otsuka and Z. Kozuka, “Thermodynamic Study of Oxygen in Liquid Elements of Group Ib to VIb,”Trans. Jpn. Inst. Met., 22 (8), 558–566 (1981). (Thermo; Experimental)Google Scholar
  80. 81Sch: L. Schuffenecker D. Balesdent, and J. Houriez, “Callorimetry and Equilibrium Measurements for the Reaction of Cadmium on Divalent Lead Oxide Between 740 and 1050 K. Standard Molar Enthalpy of Formation of Cadmium Oxide,”J. Chem. Thermodyn., 13, 849–856 (1981). (Thermo; Experimental)Google Scholar
  81. 82Pan: L.B. Pankratz, Thermodynamic Properties of Elements and Oxides, Bulletin 672, U.S. Bureau of Mines (1982). (Thermo; Compilation)Google Scholar
  82. 83Ped: J.B. Pedley and E.M. Marshall, “Thermochemical Data of Gaseous Monoxides,”J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data., 12(4), 967–1031 (1983). (Thermo; Compilation, Review)ADSGoogle Scholar
  83. 84Kaz: E.K. Kazenas, G.N. Zviadadze, and M.A. Bol'shikh, “Mass-Spectrometric Study of the Dissociation and Vaporization Thermodynamics of Cadmium and Zinc Oxides,”Izv. Akad. Nauk SSSR, Metall (2), 67–70 (1984) in Russian; TR:Russ. Metall., (2), 58–61 (1984). (Thermo; Experimental)Google Scholar
  84. 84Pan: L.B. Pankratz, J.M. Stuve, and N.A. Gokcen, “Thermodynamic Data for Mineral Technology,” Bulletin 677, U.S. Bureau of Mines (1984). (Thermo; Compilation)Google Scholar
  85. 84Ris: M.M. Ristid, I. Krstanovič and I.I. Timofeeva, “Structure of Cadmium Oxide under Pressure,”Sc. Sintering, 16 (Spec. Issue), 71–73 (1984). (Crys Structure, Pressure; Experimental)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© ASM International 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • H. A. Wriedt
    • 1
  1. 1.Pittsburgh

Personalised recommendations