Indian Journal of Clinical Biochemistry

, Volume 9, Issue 2, pp 100–102 | Cite as

Iron deficiency and anemia in vegetarian mothers and their newborns

  • D. C. Sharma
  • Raj Kiran
  • Vijaywantee Ramnath
  • Krishna Khushiani
  • P. P. Singh
Iron Metabolism

Abstract

Blood haemoglobin, serum iron, iron binding capacity, transferrin saturation and ferritin levels were determined in two groups of mothers as well as their cords—strict vegetarians (lactovegetarians) and non-vegetarians (omnivores), closely comparable in age, weight, parity and gestation period but differing in their diet and food habits. All these parameters, except total iron binding capacity, were found to be significantly lower in vegetarian mothers and their cords as compared to nonvegetarian mothers and their cords, respectively, despite receiving supplemental iron for six months. Further, there was a greater incidence of anemia and iron deficiency in mothers consuming only vegetarian diet. Moreover, a significant correlation existed between mother's ferritin to cord ferritin confirming that maternal iron deficiency does affect neonatal iron status. All these observations suggest that strict vegetarian mothers as well as their newborns have a greater incidence and risk of anemia and iron deficiency.

Key words

vegetarianism anemia iron deficiency haemoglobin iron ferritin 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    DeMaeyer, E.M. and Adiels-Tegman, M. (1985) World Health Stat. Quart. 38: 302.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Sharma, D.C., Khalsa, J.K., Soni, B.L., Singh, P.P. and Simlot, M.M. (1972). J. Ind. Med. Assoc. 58: 204Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Sharma, D.C. Pendse, V., Sahay, K. and Soni, B.L. (1991) Asia-Oceania J. Obstet. Gynaec. 17: 13.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Sharma D.C., Bhatnagar, M. and Simlot, M.M. (1970) J. Obstet. Gynaec. India. 20: 782.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Sharma, D.C., Singh, P.P. and Khalsa, J.K. (1969) Clin. Biochem. 2: 439.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Tietz, N.W. (1976) Fundamentals of Clinical Chemistry. Saunders. Philadelphia. 2nd ed., p. 926.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Singh B. (1969). Indian Cookery, Mills & Boon. London.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Fairbanks, V.F. and Beutler, E. Iron. (1988) Modern Nutrition in Health and Disease. (Eds. Shils M.E. and Young V.R.) 7th ed., Lea & Febiger, Philadelphia, p. 193.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Soni, B.L. and Sharma, D.C. (1974) Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 27: 450.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Gilloly, M., Bothwell, T.H., Chariton, R.W., Torrance, J.D., Bezwada, W.R., Macphail, P., Derman, D.P., Novelli, L., Morrall, P. and Mayet, F. (1984) Brit. J. Nutr. 51: 37.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Gillooly, M., Bothwell, T.H., Torrance, J.D., Macphail, A.P., Derman, D.P., Bezwada, W.R., Mills, W., Charlton, R.W. and Mayet, F. (1983) Brit. J. Nutr. 49: 331.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Hallberg, L., Brune, M., Erlandsson, M., Sandberg, A. and Rossander-Hulten, L. (1991) Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 53: 112.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Cook, J.D., Dessenko, S.A., Whittaker, P. (1991) Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 53: 106.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Hawley, G.G. The Condensed Chemical Dictionary. Van Nostrand Reinhold Co., (1977) New York, 9th ed., p. 378.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Siegenberg, D., Baynes, R.D., Bothwell, T.H., Macfarlane, B.J., Lamparelli, R.D., Car, N.G., Macphail, P., Schmidt, U., Tal, A. and Mayet, F. (1991) F. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 53: 537.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Dwyer, J.T. (1991) Ann. Rev. Nutr. 11: 61.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Association of Clinical BIochemists of India 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • D. C. Sharma
    • 1
  • Raj Kiran
    • 1
  • Vijaywantee Ramnath
    • 1
  • Krishna Khushiani
    • 1
  • P. P. Singh
    • 1
  1. 1.Departments of Biochemistry and Gynaecology and ObstetricsR.N.T. Medical CollegeUdaipur

Personalised recommendations