The Botanical Review

, Volume 28, Issue 4, pp 538–606 | Cite as

Fungus associates of ectotrophic mycorrhizae

  • James M. Trappe
Article

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Literature Cited

  1. 1.
    Akhromeyko, A. I. 1960. [New data on the role of mycorrhizae in tree nutrition.] Lesn. Khoz.12(10): 27–31.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Aleskovsky, M. V. 1954. [Mycorrhization of oak soil.] Mikrobiol.23: 297–303.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Andersson, O. 1943. Studier över Boletaceer. Bot. Notiser1943: 185–202.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    —. 1950. Larger fungi on sandy grass heaths and sand dunes in Scandinavia. Bot. Notiser Sup.2: 2.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Ashe, W. W. 1915. Loblolly or North Carolina pine. North Carolina Geol. and Econ. Bul. 24. 176 pp.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Babos, M. 1959. Notes on the occurrence in Hungary ofLactarius species with regard to their range in Europe. Ann. Hist. Nat. Mus. Natl Hungarici51: 171–196.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Barsali, E. 1922. Contribuzione allo studio dei rapporti delle micorize ectotrofiche di alcune essenze arboree. Soc. Toscana Sci. Atti, Proc. Verbali31: 16–20.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Baxter, D. V. 1928. Mycorrhiza and Scotch pine in the University of Michigan forest nursery. Mich. Acad. Sci., Arts & Let. Papers 9: 509–516.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Becker, G. 1956. Observations sur l’écologie des champignons superieurs. Ann. Sci. Univ. Besançon (ser. 2, Bot.)7: 15–128.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Bergemann, J. 1953. Grundlagen und Probleme der Mykorrhizaforschung in ihrer Bedeutung für die Forstwirtschaft. Bundesanst. Forst.-Holzwirtsch. Hamburg/Reinbek Mitt. 33. 77 pp.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Bijl, P. A. van der. 1918. Note onPolysaccum crassipes D.C.: a common fungus inEucalyptus plantations round Pretoria. Roy. Soc. So. Africa Trans.6: 209–214.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Birch, T. T. C. 1937. A synopsis of forest fungi of significance in New Zealand. New Zeal. Jour. Forestry4: 109–125.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Björkman, E. 1937. Om inverkan av ammoniumnitrat på granmykorrhizans utbildning i råhumusmark. Statens Skogsförsöksanst. Medd.30: 631–638.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    —. 1941. Mykorrhizans utbildning och frekvens hos skogsträd på askgödslade och ogödslade delar av dikad myr. Statens Skogsförsöksanst. Medd.32: 255–296.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    —. 1941. Om mykorrhizans utbildning hos talloch granplantor, odlade i näringsrika jordar vid olika kvävetillförsel och ljustillgång. Statens Skogsförsöksanst. Medd.32: 23–74.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    —. 1942. Über die Bedingungen der Mykorrhizabildung bei Kiefer und Fichte. Symbolae Bot. Upsaliensis6 (2): 1–190.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    —. 1949. The ecological significance of the ectotrophic mycorrhizal association in forest trees. Svensk Bot. Tidskr.43: 223–262.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    —. 1956. Über die Natur der Mykorrhizabildung unter besonderer Berücksichtigung der Waldbaüme und die Anwendung in der forstliche Praxis. Forstwiss. Centbl.75: 265–286.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Bokor, R. 1955. A mykorrhiza-gombákkal történö talajoltások új agrotechnikái eljárása. Erdészeti Kutatások1 (4): 27–45.Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    —. 1958. Vizsgalátok a tölgyek valódi mykorrhizagombáink meghatározása és az ezekkel való tarsutásuknak mesterséges letrehozása terén. Erdészettudo Közlem.1958 (1): 93–118.Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    —. 1959. A mykorrhiza-gombák növekedése és a tápáló Közeg reakciójo közötti kölesönhatasök vizsgálato. Erdészeti Kutatások6: 389–394.Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    —. 1959. Vizsgalátok az erdeiés feketefenyö csemeték mesterséges mykorrhizálása terén többgombás (komplex) tiezta tenyészelekkel. Erdészeti Kutatások6: 355–388.Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Boullard, B. 1957. Étude des mycorhizes dans le genreCedrus. Première contribution. Soc. Mycol. France Bul.73: 225–244.Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    —. 1959. A propos des mycorhizes duPinus strobus L. Soc. Mycol. France Bul.75: 194–200.Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    —. 1959. Importance des mycorhizes pour la régénération de l’épicéa. Rev. Soc. Forest, Franche-Comte et Prov. l’Est30: 1–11.Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    —. 1961. Importance des mycorhizes pour la régénération de l’épicéa (Picea excelsa Link). Bul. Soc. Forest, de Franche-Comte et des Prov. de l’Est.31: 245–254.Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    —, andT. Dominik. 1958. Badania porównawcze nad mikoryzaraiPinus strobus L. z róznych stanowisk we Francji i w Polsce. Inst. Badawczy Leśn. Prace1958 (178): 45–84.Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    -,and -. 1960. Recherches comparatives entre le mycotrophisme du Fagetum carpaticum de Babia Góra et celui d’autres Fageta précédement étudies. Zeszyty Nauk. Wyzszej Szkoly Roln. Szczecinie No. 3. 20 pp.Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    ——, andR. Moreau. 1962. Sol, microflore et végétation; équilibres biochimiques et concurrence biologique. 172 pp. Masson & Co., Paris.Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    Bruns, E. 1894. Beitrag zur Kenntnis der GattungPolysaccum. Flora78: 67–75.Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    Bryan, W. C., andB. Zak. 1961. Synthetic culture of mycorrhizae of southern pines. Forest Sci.7: 123–129.Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    Buchholz, E. 1951. Mykotrophe Ernährung der Bäume (Sammêlreferat über neuere sowjetische Forschungen). Ztschr. Weltforstwirtsch.14: 51–53.Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    Cavara, F. 1894. Intorno alla morfologia e biologia di una nuova specie di “Hymenogaster.” Atti. Bot. Univ. Pavia Ser. II3: 211–230.Google Scholar
  34. 34.
    Chastukhin, V. Ya. 1950. [Methods for introducing mycorrhiza-forming fungi into shelterbelts.] Priroda39 (4): 35–41.Google Scholar
  35. 35.
    —. 1952. [Introduction of mycorrhizal fungi into shelterbelts of the Voronezh region.] Trudy Kompleksnoy Nauch. Eksped. po Voprosam Polezashchitnovo LesorazvedeniyaII (2): 136–146.Google Scholar
  36. 36.
    —. 1954. [Dynamics of mycorrhiza formation on oak roots in shelterbelts.] Trudy Inst. Lesa, Akad. Nauk S.S.S.R.16: 178–191.Google Scholar
  37. 37.
    -. 1955. [On the biology and ecology of mycorrhizal fungi.] Trudy Konf. po Mikotrofii Rast., Akad. Nauk S.S.S.R., pp. 89–101.Google Scholar
  38. 38.
    Coker, W. C., andA. H. Beers. 1943. The Boletaceae of North Carolina. 96 pp. Univ. N. Carolina Press, Chapel Hill.Google Scholar
  39. 39.
    —, andJ. N. Couch. 1924. The Gasteromycetes of the eastern United States and Canada. 201 pp. Univ. N. Carolina Press, Chapel Hill.Google Scholar
  40. 40.
    Colla, S. 1931. Sulla micorriza diDryas octopetala. Soc. Ital. Sci. Nat. Atti70: 160–161.Google Scholar
  41. 41.
    —. 1931. Relazioni tra alcuni basidiomiceti e le radici di alberi ed arbusti di foreste (nota preventiva). Soc. Ital. Sci. Nat. Atti70: 164–167.Google Scholar
  42. 42.
    Costantin, J. 1923. La vie mystérieuse des champignons. Mise au point du problème des mycorhizes de conifers. Rev. Sci.61: 733–737.Google Scholar
  43. 43.
    —, andL. Dufour. 1927. Recherches sur les relations du pin sylvestre et du bolete granule. Ann. Sci. Nat. Bot. Sér. 910: 271–280.Google Scholar
  44. 44.
    Cromer, D. A. N. 1935. The significance of the mycorrhiza ofPinus radiata. Austral. Comn. Forestry Bur. Bul. 16. 19 pp.Google Scholar
  45. 45.
    Cunningham, G. H. 1931. The Gasteromycetes of Australasia XII. The genusScleroderma. Linn. Soc. New S. Wales Proc.56: 277–287.Google Scholar
  46. 46.
    —. 1934. The Gasteromycetes of Australasia XVI The generaRhizopogon, Melanogaster, andHymenogaster. Linn. Soc. New S. Wales Proc.59: 156–172.Google Scholar
  47. 47.
    Dennis, R. W. G. 1955. The larger fungi in the North-West Highlands of Scotland. Kew Bul.1955: 111–126.Google Scholar
  48. 48.
    Doak, K. D. 1934. Fungi that produce ectotrophic mycorrhizae on conifers. Phytopath.24: 7.Google Scholar
  49. 49.
    —. 1936. Mycorrhizae of trees and shrubs. Univ. Pa. Morris Arboretum Bul.1 (4): 45–49.Google Scholar
  50. 50.
    —. 1955. Pine root reaction in sterile culture to raycorrhizal and other fungi. Amer. Midland Nat.54: 443–451.Google Scholar
  51. 51.
    Dominik, T. 1950. Badania mykotrofizmu dzikich grusz na terenie Polski z uwzglednięniem warunków bioekologicznych. Soc. Bot. Polon. Acta20: 255–303.Google Scholar
  52. 52.
    —. 1950. Modrzew w lasach czerniejewskich pod Gnieznem i dynamika rozwojowa jego mykorhizy. Soc. Bot. Polon. Acta20: 305–330.Google Scholar
  53. 53.
    —. 1957. Investigation of mycorrhizae in the beech forest near Baltykiem. [U. S. Off. Tech. Serv. Trans. (1961) OTS 61-11329 from Ekol. Polska Ser. A5: 213–256.]Google Scholar
  54. 54.
    —. 1958. Proby przeszczepiania mikrobocenozy glebowej dzewostanów sosnowych na tereny rolne. Inst. Badawczy Lesn. Prace1958 (177): 5–43.Google Scholar
  55. 55.
    —. 1958. Przyczynek do znajomości mikotrofizmuPinus banksiana Lambert w drzewostanach. Inst. Badawczy Leśn. Prace1958 (180): 101–116.Google Scholar
  56. 56.
    —. 1958. Studium nad mikotrofizmem rodzajuPopulus. Inst. Badawczy Leśn. Prace1958 (181): 117–172.Google Scholar
  57. 57.
    —. 1959. Dynamika rozwojowa mikoryz tworzonych przezPinus silvestris iBoletus luteus w glebach porolnych. Szczecińskie Towarzystvo Nauk. Wydz. Nauk Przyrodniczo-Roln. Prace1 (1): 1–17.Google Scholar
  58. 58.
    —. 1959. Synopsis of a new classification of the ectotrophic mycorrhizae established on morphological and anatomical characteristics. Mycopath. et Mycol. Appl.11: 359–367.Google Scholar
  59. 59.
    —. 1961. Badanie mikotrofizmu zespołów roślinnych w Parku Narodwym w Pieninach i na skałce nad Łysą Poloną w Tatrach ze szczególnym uwzględnieniem mikotrofizmu sosny reliktowej. Inst. Badawczy Lesn. Prace1961 (208): 31–58.Google Scholar
  60. 60.
    —. 1961. Studium nad mikotrofizmem świerka pospolitego-Picea excelsa (Lam.) Lk. w Polsce. Inst. Badawczy Leśn. Prace1961 (209): 59–102.Google Scholar
  61. 61.
    —. 1961. Badania nad przeszczepianiem mikrobocenoz gleb lesnych na tereny rolne. Inst. Badawczy Lesn. Prace1961 (210): 103–162.Google Scholar
  62. 62.
    —. 1961. Próby naturalnego wyizolowania grzybów mikoryzowych z gleb rolnych i nieuzytków w okolicy Szczecina. Inst. Badawczy Leśn. Prace1961 (227): 3–37.Google Scholar
  63. 63.
    —, andB. Boullard. 1961. Les associations mycorrhiziennes dans les hêtraies francaises. I. Recherches préliminaires. Inst. Badawczy Leśn. Prace1961 (207): 3–30.Google Scholar
  64. 64.
    —, andH. Ferchau. 1958. Wstepne Studium porównawcze mikoryzPinus strobus L. w Ameryce i w Europe. Inst. Badawczy Leśn. Prace1958 (179): 85–99.Google Scholar
  65. 65.
    —, andA. Nespiak. 1953. Badanie mykotrofizmu zespolów roślinnych krainy kosodrzewu w granitowych Tatrach. Soc. Bot. Polon. Acta22: 753–769.Google Scholar
  66. 66.
    —— andR. Pachlewski. 1954. Badanie mykotrofizmu roślinności zespolów na skálkach wapiennych w Tatrach. Soc. Bot. Polon. Acta23: 471–485.Google Scholar
  67. 67.
    ———. 1954. Investigation of mycorrhizae in plant communities of the higher Tatrach Mountains. [U. S. Off. Tech. Serv. Trans. OTS 61-11330 from Soc. Bot. Polon. Acta23: 487–504.]Google Scholar
  68. 68.
    —, andR. Pachlewski. 1955. Investigation of mycorrhizae in the pine forest of Lebie near Baltykiem [U. S. Off. Tech. Serv. Trans. (1961) OTS 61-11331 from Polsk. Towarzystwa Bot. Rocz. Sekcji Dendrol.10: 53–96.]Google Scholar
  69. 69.
    ——. 1956. Investigations on mycotrophism of plant associations in the lower timber zone of the Tatra. [U. S. Off. Tech. Serv. Trans. (1961) OTS 60-21384 from Acta Soc. Bot. Polon.25: 3–26.]Google Scholar
  70. 70.
    —, andH. Wojciechowska. 1961. Badanie mikotrofizmu zespolów roślinnych rezerwatu “Sosny Taborskiej” w Taborzu. Inst. Badawczy Lesn. Prace1961 (228): 39–55.Google Scholar
  71. 71.
    Eglite, A. K. 1954. Daži izmëginājumi par mikorizas sintezi. Latv. P.S.R. Zinatnu Akad. Vēst.8: 91–96.Google Scholar
  72. 72.
    -. 1955. [Experiments with mycorrhiza of pine.] Trudy Konf. po Mikotrofii Rast., Akad. Nauk S.S.S.R., pp. 194–203.Google Scholar
  73. 73.
    Ellis, E. H. 1935. Preliminary observations on mycorrhiza. Brit. Mycol. Soc. Trans.9: 157–158.Google Scholar
  74. 74.
    ErdtmAN, H. 1947. Corticrocin, a mycorrhiza pigment. Nature160: 331.Google Scholar
  75. 75.
    Falck, R., andM. Falck. 1954. Die Bedeutung der Fadenpilze als Symbionten der Pflanzen für die Waldkultur. 92 pp. J. D. Sauerländer, Frankfurt/Main.Google Scholar
  76. 76.
    Favre, J. 1945. Études mycologiques faites au Parc National Suisse. Ergeb. Wiss. Untersuch. Schweiz. Nationalparks11: 467–474.Google Scholar
  77. 77.
    —. 1955. Les champignons supérieurs de la zone alpine du Parc National Suisse. Ergeb. Wiss. Untersuch. Schweiz. Nationalparks 5 N. S.33: 1–212.Google Scholar
  78. 78.
    Ferdinandsen, C., andÖ. Winge. 1925.Cenococcum Fr. A monographic study. K. Vet.-og Landbohøjsk. Aarskr.1925: 322–382.Google Scholar
  79. 79.
    Ferreira dos Santos, N. 1941. Elementos para o estudo das micorrizas ectendotróficas doPinus pinaster Sol. Pub. Serv. Florestais Aqüic. Portugal8: 65–95.Google Scholar
  80. 80.
    —. 1951. Micorrizas deQuercus suber L. Publ. Serv. Flor. Aqüic. Portugal18: 5–13.Google Scholar
  81. 81.
    —, andA. Clotilde dos Santos. 1948. Ensaios de fixącã e coloração de micorrizas. Rev. Agron.36: 74–88.Google Scholar
  82. 82.
    Ferreira dos Santos de Azevedo, N. 1957. Micorrizas deQuercus suber L. Parte II. Inoculação de viveiros de quercineas. Publ. Serv. Flor. Aqüic. Portugal24: 183–220.Google Scholar
  83. 83.
    Fisch, P. 1945. Fungi in the orchard. Victorian Nat.62: 103–104.Google Scholar
  84. 84.
    —. 1959. Notes on the occurrence ofAmanita muscaria at Doncaster East. Victorian Nat.75: 138–140.Google Scholar
  85. 85.
    Fontana, A. 1961. Primo contributo allo studio delle micorrize dei pioppi in Piemonte. Allionia7: 87–129.Google Scholar
  86. 86.
    Frank, A. B. 1885. Über die auf Wurzelsymbiose beruhende Ernährung gewisser Bäume durch untererdische Pilze. Deut. Bot. Gesell. Ber.3: 128–145.Google Scholar
  87. 87.
    Fries, N. 1942. Einspormyzelien einiger Basidiomyceten als Mykorrhizabildner von Kiefer und Fichte. Svensk Bot. Tidskr.36: 151–156.Google Scholar
  88. 88.
    Fritsch, K. 1956. Untersuchungen an Mykorrhizen der Weisztanne im Südschwarzwald unter Berücksichtigung der Bodenazidität. 102 pp. Albert-Ludwigs Univ., Freiburg i Breisgau.Google Scholar
  89. 89.
    Frydman, I. 1957. Mykotrofizm roślinności pokrywajacej gruzy i ruiny domów Wrocławia. Soc. Bot. Polon. Acta26: 45–60.Google Scholar
  90. 90.
    Gaignebet, J. 1923. La culture de la truffe dans le causse de martel. Rev. Bot. Appl.3: 660–666.Google Scholar
  91. 91.
    Ganeshin, S. S. 1923. [Mycorrhizal connection between pine and larch andBoletus luteus andBoletus elegans.] Bolezni Rast.12: 105–115.Google Scholar
  92. 92.
    Ganzha, R. V. 1959. [On mushrooms of pine woods of the Poltava Region of the Ukraine with regard to the natural reserve of edible mushrooms.] Bot. Zhur.44: 193–197.Google Scholar
  93. 93.
    Gel’tser, F. Yu., andE. A. Voronkova. 1953. [Methods favoring isolation of pure cultures of mycorrhizal fungi.] Trudy Vsesoyuzn. Nauch.-Issled. Inst. Sel’skokhoz. Mikrobiol.13: 152–155.Google Scholar
  94. 94.
    Gendina, S. B. 1957. [Significance of mycorrhizal infection of seed for growth of pine seedlings.] Lesn. Khoz.10 (12): 46–48.Google Scholar
  95. 95.
    —. 1960. [Mycorrhiza accelerates growth of pine.] Lesn. Khoz. 12 (2): 39–41.Google Scholar
  96. 96.
    Gibelli, G. 1882, Nuovi studii sulla malattia del castagno detta dell’ inchiostra. Mem. Accad. Sci. Inst. Bologna, Ser. 44: 287–314.Google Scholar
  97. 97.
    Gilmour, J. W. 1958. Chlorosis of Douglas fir. New Zeal. Jour. Forestry7 (5): 94–106.Google Scholar
  98. 98.
    Giunier, P. 1949. Les champignons et la forêt. Mem. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique du Nord2: 137–145.Google Scholar
  99. 99.
    Gnutenko, M. P., andL. A. Pankova. 1955. [Culture of oak mycorrhizal fungi and their effects on seedling development.] Trudy Konf. po Mikotrofii Rast., Akad. Nauk. S.S.S.R., pp. 332–337.Google Scholar
  100. 100.
    Gorbunova, N. P. 1955. [Anatomical structure of plant mycorrhizae.] Trudy Konf. po Mikotrofii Rast., Akad. Nauk. S.S.S.R., pp. 182–193.Google Scholar
  101. 101.
    Gosselin, R. 1944. Studies onPolystictus circinatus and its relation to butt-rot of spruce. Farlowia1: 525–568.Google Scholar
  102. 102.
    Haas, H. 1928. Nochmals der MärzellerlingCamarophyllus marzuolus (Fr.). Ztschr. Pilzk. N. F.7 (12): 189–190.Google Scholar
  103. 103.
    —. 1932. Die bodenbewohnenden Grosspilze in den Waldformationen einiger Gebiete von Württemberg. Bot. Centbl. Beih.50: 35–134.Google Scholar
  104. 104.
    Hacskaylo, E. 1951. A study of the roots ofPinus virginiana in relation to certain hymenomycetes suspected of being mycorrhizal. Wash. Acad. Sci. Jour.41: 399–400.Google Scholar
  105. 105.
    —. 1953. Pure culture synthesis of pine mycorrhizae in terra-lite. Mycologia45: 971–975.Google Scholar
  106. 106.
    —. 1955. Studies on the physiology of pine mycorrhizae. George Washington Univ. Sum. Doct. Diss.1954: 40–43.Google Scholar
  107. 107.
    —. 1961. Influence of cyclohexamide on growth of mycorrhizal fungi and on mycorrhizae of pine. Forest Sci.7: 376–379.Google Scholar
  108. 108.
    —, andJ. G. Palmer. 1955. Hymenomycetous species forming mycorrhizae withPinus virginiana. Mycologia47: 145–147.Google Scholar
  109. 109.
    —, andA. G. Snow, Jr. 1959. Relation of soil nutrients and light to prevalence of mycorrhizae on pine seedlings. Northeast. Forest Expt. Sta., Sta. Paper125: 1–13.Google Scholar
  110. 110.
    Hammarlund, C. 1923.Boletus elegans Schum. undLarix-Mykorrhiza. Bot. Notiser1923: 305–326.Google Scholar
  111. 111.
    Harley, J. L. 1959. The biology of mycorrhiza. 233 pp. Leonard Hill, Ltd., London.Google Scholar
  112. 112.
    —, andJ. S. Waid. 1955. The effect of light upon the roots of beech and its surface population. Plant and Soil7: 96–112.Google Scholar
  113. 113.
    Hatch, A. B. 1934. A jet-black mycelium forming ectotrophic mycorrhizae. Svensk Bot. Tidskr.28: 369–383.Google Scholar
  114. 114.
    —. 1936. The role of mycorrhizae in afforestation. Jour. Forestry34: 22–29.Google Scholar
  115. 115.
    -. 1937. The physical basis of mycotrophy in plants. Black Rock Forest Bul. 6. 168 pp.Google Scholar
  116. 116.
    —, andK. D. Doak. 1933. Mycorrhizal and other features of the root systems ofPinus. Jour. Arnold Arboretum14: 85–98.Google Scholar
  117. 117.
    —, andC. Hatch. 1933. Some hymenomycetes forming mycorrhizae withPinus strobus L. Jour. Arnold Arboretum14: 324–334.Google Scholar
  118. 118.
    Hawker, L. E. 1954. British hypogeous fungi. Roy. Soc. London Philos Trans. Ser. B, Biol. Sci.237: 429–546.Google Scholar
  119. 119.
    Heim, R. 1957. Les champignons d’Europe. Vol. I, 327 pp. N. Boubée & Co., Paris.Google Scholar
  120. 120.
    Henry, L. K. 1933. Mycorrhizas of trees and shrubs. Bot. Gaz.94: 791–800.Google Scholar
  121. 121.
    Herter, W. G. 1934. La aparición del hongo venenosoAmanita phalloides en Sudamérica. Rev. Sudamér. Bot.1: 111–119.Google Scholar
  122. 122.
    Höfler, K. 1955. Zur Pilzvegetation aufgeforsteter Fichtenwälder. Sydowia9: 246–255.Google Scholar
  123. 123.
    Hołownia, I. 1960. Kilka obserwacji nad grzybami wyzszymi Torunia. Soc. Sci. Torunensis Studia, Sect. D (Bot.)4: 1–14.Google Scholar
  124. 124.
    Hongo, T. 1959. The Agaricales of Japan I-(1). Mem. Faculty Liberal Arts Ed. Shiga Univ.9: 67–94.Google Scholar
  125. 125.
    —. 1960. The Agaricales of Japan. I-2. Acta Phytotaxonom. et Geobot.18: 97–112.Google Scholar
  126. 126.
    —. 1960. The Agaricales of Japan I-(4). Mem. Faculty Liberal Arts Ed. Shiga Univ.10: 61–72.Google Scholar
  127. 127.
    Horak, E. 1960. Die Pilzvegetation im Gletschervorfeld (2290–2350 m.) des Rotmoosferners in den Ötztaler Alpen. Nova Hedwigia2: 487–507.Google Scholar
  128. 128.
    Horn, K. 1933. Mykorrhizasopp som Hekseringdanner. Friesia1: 31–33.Google Scholar
  129. 129.
    How, J. E. 1942. The mycorrhizal relations of larch: III. Mycorrhiza formation in nature. Ann. Bot. N. S.6: 103–129.Google Scholar
  130. 130.
    Jahn, H. 1959. Zur Verbreitung der Täublinge (Russulae) am Ostrand der Kölnes Bucht. Decheniana111: 149–158.Google Scholar
  131. 131.
    Kalmár, Z. 1950. Kalapos gombáink (Hymenomycetes) mykorrhiza kapcsolatai. Magyar Agrár. Egyetem, Erdöm. Kar. Evkön.1: 157–187.Google Scholar
  132. 132.
    —. 1954. A kalaposgombák mykorrhiza-kapcsolatainak gyakorlati jelentösege. Erdesz. Tud. Int. Evkön.1952: 277–292.Google Scholar
  133. 133.
    Kauffman, C. H. 1906.Cortinarius as a mycorrhiza producing fungus. Bot. Gaz.42: 208–214.Google Scholar
  134. 134.
    Kavina, K. 1947. Atlas of fungi. 31 pp., illus. Lincolns-Prager, Ltd., London.Google Scholar
  135. 135.
    Kelley, A. P. 1950. Mycotrophy in plants. 206 pp., illus. Chronica Botanica Co., Waltharn, Mass.Google Scholar
  136. 136.
    —. 1960. The root-endings of beech, maple and dogwood as found in the eastern U.S.A. Folia Forest. Polon. Ser. A4: 45–88.Google Scholar
  137. 137.
    Kelsey, H. P., andW. A. Dayton. 1942. Standardized plant names. 675 pp. J. Horace McFarland Co., Harrisburg, Pa.Google Scholar
  138. 138.
    Kessel, S. L. 1927. Soil organisms. The dependence of certain pine species on a biological soil factor. Empire Forestry Jour.6: 70–74.Google Scholar
  139. 139.
    Kinelska, J., andD. Roslik. 1959. Grzyby wyzsze zebrane w 1955 R. w rezerwacie modrzewiowym w Małej Wsi. Monog. Bot.8: 143–151.Google Scholar
  140. 140.
    Khokhryakov, M. K. 1956. [Mycorrhizae.]In Gorlenki, M. V., ed. [Fungi—friends and enemies of man], pp. 178–181. Gosud. Izdatel. “Sovyet. Nauka,” Moscow.Google Scholar
  141. 141.
    Klyushnik, P. I. 1951. [On mycorrhizae of oak.] Lesn. Khoz.4 (4): 81–84.Google Scholar
  142. 142.
    —. 1952. [Oak mycorrhizal fungi.] Lesn. Khoz.5 (8): 63–65.Google Scholar
  143. 143.
    Komirnaya, O. N., andA. D. Fursayev. 1953. [Forest fungi of a tree plantation of semi-desert Zavolzh and questions of mycorrhiza formation.] Bot. Zhur.38: 426–428.Google Scholar
  144. 144.
    Kraft, M. M. 1953. Champignons et facteurs exterieurs. Cerc. Vaud. de Bot. Bul.4: 35–37.Google Scholar
  145. 145.
    —. 1956. Sur la répartitiond’Amanita caesarea (Fr. ex Scop.) Quélet. Soc. Bot. Suisse Bul.66: 39–91.Google Scholar
  146. 146.
    —. 1958. Sur la répartitiond’Hygrophorus marzuolus (Fr.) Bres. Ber. Schweiz. Bot. Gesell.68: 254–288.Google Scholar
  147. 147.
    —. 1959. Sur la répartitiond’Hygrophorus marzuolus (Fr.) Bres. (Note complémentaire.) Ber. Schweiz. Bot. Gesell.69: 246–248.Google Scholar
  148. 148.
    Krangaus, R. A. 1955. [Experiment with pure cultures of fungi suspected of forming mycorrhizae on oak and pine.] Trudy Konf. po Mikotrofii Rast., Akad. Nauk S.S.S.R., pp. 235–240.Google Scholar
  149. 149.
    Kreisel, H. 1954. Beobachtungen über die Pilzflora einiger Hoch und Zwischenmoore Ost-Mecklenburgs. Wiss. Ztschr. Univ. Greifswald3: 291–300.Google Scholar
  150. 150.
    —. 1957. Die Pilzflora des Darss und ihre Stellung in der Gesamtvegetation. Feddes Repert. Beih.137 (Beitr. Vegetationsk. 2): 110–183.Google Scholar
  151. 151.
    Kuraishi, H. 1953. Studies in mycorrhizal fungi I. Occurrence, environment and development ofArmillaria robusta. Ecol. Rev.13: 159–166.Google Scholar
  152. 152.
    Laing, E. V. 1932. Studies in tree roots. Gt. Brit. Forestry Comn. Bul. 13, 74 pp.Google Scholar
  153. 153.
    Landkammer, V. 1950. Zajimavy nález hřibu, vázaného na Douglasovu jedli (Pseudotsuga Douglasii). Česká Mykol.4 (6/7): 65–67.Google Scholar
  154. 154.
    Lange, M. 1948. The agarics of Magiemose, a study on the ecology of agarics. Dansk Bot. Ark.13: 1–141.Google Scholar
  155. 155.
    —. 1957. Macromycetes. Part III. Meddel. om Grønland148 (2): 1–125.Google Scholar
  156. 156.
    Lathum, D.H., K. D. Doak, and E. Wright. 1939. Mycorrhizae and pseudomycorrhizae in pines. Phytopath.29: 14.Google Scholar
  157. 157.
    Lavender, D. P., andE. Wright. 1960. Don’t lift Douglas fir seedlings too early. Timberman61 (8): 54–55.Google Scholar
  158. 158.
    Lepoutre, B. 1962. Recherche sur les conditions édaphiques de régénération des cedraies marocaines. Ann. Rech. Forest. Maroc [in press].Google Scholar
  159. 159.
    Levisohn, I. 1954. Aberrant root infections of pine and spruce seedlings. New Phytol.53: 284–290.Google Scholar
  160. 160.
    -. 1955. Soil mycology. Gt. Brit. Forestry Comn. Rpt. on Forest Res. for Year Ending March 1954, pp. 50–52.Google Scholar
  161. 161.
    —. 1956. Growth stimulation of forest tree seedlings by the activity of free-living mycorrhizal mycelia. Forestry29: 53–59.Google Scholar
  162. 162.
    —. 1956. Effect of mulching on mycorrhizal fungi. Emp. Forestry Rev.35: 320–321.Google Scholar
  163. 163.
    —. 1957. Differential effects of root-infecting mycelia on young trees in different environments. Emp. Forestry Rev.36: 281–286.Google Scholar
  164. 164.
    —. 1957. Observations on the mycorrhizal habit of forest trees. Emp. Forestry Rev.36: 85–90.Google Scholar
  165. 165.
    -. 1957. Researches in soil mycology. Gt. Brit. Forestry Comn. Rpt. on Forest Res. for Year Ending March 1956, pp. 83–86.Google Scholar
  166. 166.
    —. 1958. Effects of mycorrhiza on tree growth. Soils and Fert.21: 73–82.Google Scholar
  167. 167.
    —. 1958. Mycorrhizal infection inEucalyptus. Emp. Forestry Rev.37: 237–241.Google Scholar
  168. 168.
    —. 1960. Physiological and ecological factors influencing the effects of mycorrhizal inoculation. New Phytol.59: 42–47.Google Scholar
  169. 169.
    -. 1961. Researches in mycorrhiza. Gt. Brit. Forestry Comn. Rpt. on Forest Res. for Year Ending March 1960, pp. 84–87.Google Scholar
  170. 170.
    Lewton-Brain, L. 1901.Cordyceps ophioglossoides (Ehrh.). Ann. Bot.15: 521–531.Google Scholar
  171. 171.
    Lidl, O. 1939. Pilzwachstum, Baumwachstum und Nutzung der Pilze in Ernährungszwecken. Forstwiss. Centbl.58: 361–370.Google Scholar
  172. 172.
    Lihnell, D. 1939. Untersuchungen über die Mykorrhizen und die Wurzelpilze vonJuniperus communis. Symbolae Bot. Upsaliensis3 (3): 1–141.Google Scholar
  173. 173.
    —. 1942.Cenococcum graniforme als Mykorrhizabildner von Waldbäumen. Symbolae Bot. Upsaliensis5 (2): 1–19.Google Scholar
  174. 174.
    Lindquist, B. 1937. Om nägra parasitiska marksvampar i nordsvenska råhumusmarker. Norrlands Skogsvårdsför. Tidskr.2: 289–317.Google Scholar
  175. 175.
    —. 1939. Die Fichtenmykorrhiza im Lichte der modernen Wuchstofforschung. Bot. Notiser1939: 313–356.Google Scholar
  176. 176.
    Little, E. L., Jr. 1953. Check list of native and naturalized trees of the United States (including Alaska). U. S. Dept. Agr. Handb. 41. 472 pp.Google Scholar
  177. 177.
    Lobanov, N. V. 1957. [Root nutrition of trees.] Bryansk. Lesokhoz. Inst. Trudy8: 105–114.Google Scholar
  178. 178.
    Lobanow, N. W. (Lobanov, N.V.). 1960. Mykotrophie der Holzpflanzen. 352 pp. Deutscher Verlag der Wissenschaften, Berlin.Google Scholar
  179. 179.
    Lubelska, B. 1953. O występowaniu trufli (Tuber Mich, iChoiromyces Vitt.) w Polsce. Polsk. Towarzystwo Bot. Fragmenta Floristica Geobot.1: 87–95.Google Scholar
  180. 180.
    Macků, J., andV. Skalnik. 1961. Vzájemný vztah mezi hřibem rubinovým a hřibem plavým. Česká Mykol.15: 81–86.Google Scholar
  181. 181.
    Masui, K. 1926. A study of the mycorrhiza ofAbies firma S. et Z., with special reference to its mycorrhizal fungus,Cantharellus floccosus Schw. Col. Sci. Kyoto Imp. Univ. Mem. Ser. B.2: 16–84.Google Scholar
  182. 182.
    — 1926. A study of the ectotrophic mycorrhiza ofAlnus. Col. Sci. Kyoto Imp. Univ. Mem. Ser. B.2: 189–209.Google Scholar
  183. 183.
    —. 1927. A study of the ectotrophic mycorrhizas of woody plants. Col. Sci. Kyoto Imp. Univ. Mem. Ser. B.3: 149–279.Google Scholar
  184. 184.
    Mattirolo, O. 1934. Rapporti simbiotici sviluppatisi tra il tartufo “bianchetto” (Tuber borchii Vittadini) et i pioppi american detti canadesi. Ann. Rend. Accad. Agr. Torino76: 3–10.Google Scholar
  185. 185.
    McArdle, R. E. 1932. The relation of mycorrhizae to coniferous tree seedlings. Jour. Agr. Res.44: 287–316.Google Scholar
  186. 186.
    McDougall, W. B. 1914. On the mycorhizas of forest trees. Amer. Jour. Bot.1: 51–74.Google Scholar
  187. 187.
    —. 1917. The growth of forest tree roots. Amer. Jour. Bot.3: 384–392.Google Scholar
  188. 188.
    McQuilken, W. E. 1935. Root development of pitch pine, with some comparative observations on shortleaf pine. Jour. Agr. Res.51: 983–1016.Google Scholar
  189. 189.
    McVean, D. D. 1956. Ecology ofAlnus glutinosa (L). Gaertn. III. Seedling establishment. Jour. Ecol.44: 195–218.Google Scholar
  190. 190.
    Melín, E. 1922.Boletus-arten als Mykorrhizenpilzen der Waldbäume. Deut. Bot. Gesell. Ber.40: 94–97.Google Scholar
  191. 191.
    —. 1922. Untersuchungen über dieLarix Mykorrhiza. I. Synthese der Mykorrhiza in Reinkulture. Svensk Bot. Tidskr.16: 161–196.Google Scholar
  192. 192.
    —. 1923. Experimentelle Untersuchungen über die Birken und Espenmykorrhizen und ihre Pilzsymbionten. Svensk Bot. Tidskr.17: 479–520.Google Scholar
  193. 193.
    —. 1923. Experimentelle Untersuchungen über die Konstitution und Ökologie der Mykorrhizen vonPinus silvestris L. undPicea abies (L.) Karst. Mykol. Untersuch, und Ber.2: 73–331.Google Scholar
  194. 194.
    —. 1924. Barrträdens mykorrhizasvampar och deras betydelse för trädens trivsel. Svenska Skogsvårdför. Tidskr.22: 197–221.Google Scholar
  195. 195.
    —. 1924. Über die Einfluss der Wasserstoffionkonzentration auf die Virulenz der Wurzelpilze von Kiefer und Fichte. Bot. Notiser1924: 38–48.Google Scholar
  196. 196.
    —. 1924. Zur Kenntnis der Mykorrhizapilze vonPinus montana Mill. Bot. Notiser1924: 69–92.Google Scholar
  197. 197.
    —. 1925.Betula nana ochBoletus scaber. Bot. Notiser1925: 63–65.Google Scholar
  198. 198.
    —. 1925. Untersuchungen über die Bedeutung der Baummykorrhiza. 152 pp. Gustav Fischer. Jena.Google Scholar
  199. 199.
    —. 1925. Untersuchungen über die Larix-Mykorrhiza. II. Zur weiteren Kenntnis der Pilzsymbionten. Svensk Bot. Tidskr.19: 98–103.Google Scholar
  200. 200.
    —. 1936. Methoden der experimentellen Untersuchung mykotropher Pflanzen. Abderhaldens Handb. Biol. Arbeitsmethoden, Abt. 11, Teil 4, Hälfte2: 1015–1108.Google Scholar
  201. 201.
    —. 1946. Der Einfluss von Waldstreuextrakten auf das Wachstum von Bodenpilzen, mit besonderer Berücksichtigung der Wurzelpilze von Bäumen. Symbolae Bot. Upsaliensis8 (3): 1–116.Google Scholar
  202. 202.
    —. 1946. Die Mykorrhizasymbiose der Waldbäume. Schweiz. Naturf. Gesell. Verhandl.126: 26–33.Google Scholar
  203. 203.
    —. 1948. Recent advances in the study of tree mycorrhiza. Brit. Mycol. Soc. Trans.30: 92–99.Google Scholar
  204. 204.
    —. 1953. Growth factor requirements of the mycorrhizal fungi of forest trees. Cong. Internatl. Microbiol. Riassunti Commun.6 (3): 130.Google Scholar
  205. 205.
    —. 1953. Physiology of mycorrhizal relations in plants. Ann. Rev. Plant Physiol.4: 325–346.Google Scholar
  206. 206.
    —. 1954. Growth factor requirements of mycorrhizal fungi of forest trees. Svensk Bot. Tidskr.48: 86–94.Google Scholar
  207. 207.
    —. 1955. Nyare undersökninger över skogsträdens mykorhizasvampar och det fysiologiske växelspelet mellan dem och trädens rötter. Uppsala Univ. Årsskr.3: 1–29.Google Scholar
  208. 208.
    —, andV. S. Rama Das. 1954. Influence of root-metabolites on the growth of tree mycorrhizal fungi. Physiol. Plant.7: 851–858.Google Scholar
  209. 209.
    —, andK. Hellerberg. 1925. Über die Activatät von proteolytischen und verwandten Enzymen einigen als Mykorrhizenpilze bekannten Hymenomyceten. Biochem. Ztschr.157: 146–155.Google Scholar
  210. 210.
    —, andG. Lindeberg. 1939. Über den Einfluss von Aneurin und Biotin auf das Wachstum einiger Mykorrhizenpilze. Bot. Notiser1939: 241–245.Google Scholar
  211. 211.
    —, andH. Nilsson. 1950. Transfer of radioactive phosphorus to pine seedlings by means of mycorrhizal hyphae. Physiol. Plant.3: 88–92.Google Scholar
  212. 212.
    ——. 1952. Transport of labelled nitrogen from an ammonia source to pine seedlings through mycorrhizal mycelium. Svensk Bot. Tidskr.46: 281–285.Google Scholar
  213. 213.
    ——. 1953. Transfer of labelled nitrogen from glutamic acid to pine seedlings through the mycelia ofBoletus variegatus (Sw.) Fr. Nature171: 134.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  214. 214.
    ——. 1954. Transport of labelled phosphorus to pine seedlings through the mycelium ofCortinarius glaucopus (Schaeff. ex Fr.) Fr. Svensk Bot. Tidskr.48: 555–558.Google Scholar
  215. 215.
    ——. 1955. Ca45 used as indicator of transport of cations to pine seedlings by means of mycorrhizal mycelium. Svensk Bot. Tidskr.49: 119–132.Google Scholar
  216. 216.
    ——. 1957. Transport of C14-labelled photosynthate to the fungal associate of pine mycorrhiza. Svensk Bot. Tidskr.51: 166–186.Google Scholar
  217. 217.
    ——. 1958. Translocation of nutritive elements through mycorrhizal mycelia to pine seedlings. Bot. Notiser111: 251–256.Google Scholar
  218. 218.
    —— andE. Hacskaylo. 1958. Translocation of cations to seedlings ofPinus virginiana through mycorrhizal mycelium. Bot. Gaz.119: 243–246.Google Scholar
  219. 219.
    —, andB. Norkrans. 1942. Über den Einfluss der Pyrimidin und Thiazolkomponents des Aneurins auf das Wachstum von Wurzelpilzen. Svensk Bot. Tidskr.36: 271–286.Google Scholar
  220. 220.
    —, andB. Nyman. 1940. Weitere Untersuchungen über die Wirkung von Aneurin und Biotin auf das Wachstum von Wurzelpilze. Arch. Mikrobiol.11: 318–328.Google Scholar
  221. 221.
    Melzer, V., andJ. Zvara. 1927.Russula xerampelina Sch. Soc. Mycol. France Bul.43: 275–279Google Scholar
  222. 222.
    Mikola, P. 1948. On the black mykorrhiza of birch. Soc. Zool.-Bot. Fenn. “Vanamo” Arch.1: 81–85.Google Scholar
  223. 223.
    —. 1948. On the physiology and ecology ofCenococcum graniforme especially as a mycorrhizal fungus of birch. Inst. Forest. Fenn. Commun.36 (3): 1–104.Google Scholar
  224. 224.
    —. 1955. Artificial inoculation of mycorrhizal fungi. Soc. Zool.-Bot. Fenn. “Vanamo” Arch.9 (suppl.): 197–201.Google Scholar
  225. 225.
    -, andD. J. Persidsky. 1951. Detection of mycorrhizal infection in early stages of seedling development. Wisc. Conserv. Dept. Tech. Note 39, 3 pp.Google Scholar
  226. 226.
    Mimura, S. 1915. Researches on the culture of “matsudake” (Cortinellus edodes P. Henn). Forest Expt. Sta., Meguro, Tokyo, Bul. Extr., p. 115.Google Scholar
  227. 227.
    Mishustin, E. N., andO. I. Pushkinskaya. 1961. [Methods favoring growth and mycorrhiza formation on pine and oak under conditions of the wooded-steppe zone of the U.S.S.R.] Izv. Akad. Nauk, Ser. Biol.1961: 764–776Google Scholar
  228. 228.
    Modess, O. 1939. Experimentelle Untersuchungen über Hymenomyceten und Gasteromyceten als Mykorrhizabildner bei Kiefer und Fichte. Svensk Bot. Tidskr.33: 91–93.Google Scholar
  229. 229.
    —. 1941. Zur Kenntnis der Mykorrhizabildner von Kiefer und Fichte. Symbolae Bot. Upsaliensis5 (1): 1–146.Google Scholar
  230. 230.
    Möller, A. 1903. Untersuchungen über ein- und zweijährige Kiefern im märkischen Sandboden. Ztschr. Forst- und Jagdw.35: 321–338.Google Scholar
  231. 231.
    Möller, C. M. 1947. Mycorrhizae and nitrogen assimilation. Forstl. Forsøgsv. i Danmark Ber.19: 105–208.Google Scholar
  232. 232.
    Morochkovsky, S. F., andG. G. Radziyevsky. 1950. [Studies on obtaining mycorrhizae ofBoletus edulis on oak seedlings under artificial conditions.] Ukrayn. Bot. Zhur.7: 60–66.Google Scholar
  233. 233.
    Moser, M. 1956. Die Bedeutung der Mykorrhiza für Aufforstungen in Hochlagen. Forstwiss. Centbl.75: 8–18.Google Scholar
  234. 234.
    —. 1958. Die künstliche Mykorrhizaimpfung an Forstpflanzen. I. Erfahrungen bei der Reinkultur von Mykorrhizapilzen. Forstwiss. Centbl.77: 32–40.Google Scholar
  235. 235.
    —. 1958. Der Einfluss tiefer Temperaturen auf das Wachstum und die Lebenstätigkeit höherer Pilze mit spezieller Berücksichtigung von Mykorrhizapilzen. Sydowia12: 386–399.Google Scholar
  236. 236.
    —. 1958. Die künstliche Mykorrhizaimpfung von Forstpflanzen II. Die Torfstreukultur von Mykorrhizapilzen. Forstwiss. Centbl.77: 257–278.Google Scholar
  237. 237.
    —. 1958. Die Mykorrhiza—Zusammenleben von Pilz und Baum. Die Umschau in Wiss. und Tech.1958: 267–270.Google Scholar
  238. 238.
    —. 1959. Beiträge zur Kenntnis der Wuchsstoffbezeihungen im Bereich ectotropher Mykorrhizen I. Arch. Mikrobiol.34: 251–269.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  239. 239.
    —. 1959. Die künstliche Mykorrhizaimpfung an Forstpflanzen. III. Die Impfmethodik im Forstgarten. Forstwiss. Centbl.78: 193–202.Google Scholar
  240. 240.
    —. 1959. Pilz und Baum. Schweiz. Ztschr. Pilzk.37 (3): 37–53.Google Scholar
  241. 241.
    Müller, P. E. 1886. Bemerkungen über die Mycorhiza der Buche. Bot. Centbl.26: 22–26.Google Scholar
  242. 242.
    Münch, E. 1927. Neue Fortschritte in der Kenntnis der Lebensgeschichte unserer Waldpilze. Ztschr. Pilzk. N.F.6 (2): 17–21.Google Scholar
  243. 243.
    Neilson-Jones, W. 1943. Tree nutrition and soil fertility. Jour. Forestry41: 886–887.Google Scholar
  244. 244.
    Noack, R. 1889. Über mycorhizabildende Pilze. Bot. Ztg.47: 389–397.Google Scholar
  245. 245.
    Norkrans, B. 1944. Om mykorhizabildende och rent saprofytiskaTricholoma-artem fysiologi. Svensk Bot. Tidskr.38: 121–122.Google Scholar
  246. 246.
    —. 1949. Some mycorrhiza-formingTricholoma species. Svensk Bot. Tidskr.43: 485–490.Google Scholar
  247. 247.
    —. 1950. Influence of cellulolytic enzymes from Hymenomycetes on cellulose preparations of different crystallinity. Physiol. Plant.3: 75–87.Google Scholar
  248. 248.
    —. 1950. Studies in growth and cellulolytic enzymes ofTricholoma, with special reference to mycorrhiza formation. Symbolae Bot. Upsaliensis11 (1): 1–126.Google Scholar
  249. 249.
    Novogrudsky, D. M. 1949. [Mycorrhizae and steppe afforestation.] Mikrobiologiya18: 372–377.Google Scholar
  250. 250.
    Orloś, H., andT. Dominik. 1960. Z biologii huby korzeniowej—Fomes annosus (Fr.) Cooke. Sylwan104: 1–13.Google Scholar
  251. 251.
    Pachlewski, R. 1953. Investigation of mycorrhizae of larch under natural and artificial (or planted) conditions. [U. S. Off. Tech. Serv. Trans. (1961) OTS 61-11332 from Soc. Bot. Polon. Acta22: 133–168.]Google Scholar
  252. 252.
    —. 1954. Badania mykotrofizmu jesiona wynioslego (Fraxinus excelsior L.) z uwzgl(cdnieniem warunków ekologicznych i fitocenotycznych. Ekol. Polsk.2: 151–164.Google Scholar
  253. 253.
    —. 1955. Investigations on the mycotrophy of the common fir (Abies alba Mill.) in natural associations of the Swietokrzyskie Mountains. [U.S. Off. Tech. Serv. Trans. (1962) OTS 60-21391 from Acta Soc. Bot. Polon.25: 3–26.]Google Scholar
  254. 254.
    —, andJ. Gagalska. 1953. Investigation of mycorrhizae of oak in Poland under certain biological conditions. [U. S. Off. Tech. Serv. Trans. (1961) OTS 61-11333 from Soc. Bot. Polon. Acta22: 561–576.]Google Scholar
  255. 255.
    —, andJ. Pachlewska. 1960. Badania morfologiczno-anatomiczne mikoryz sosny (Pinus silvestris L.) w zespołach leśnych Bia-łowieskiego Parku Narodowego. Inst. Badamczy Lesn. Prace1960 (205): 3–48.Google Scholar
  256. 256.
    Palm, B. 1930.Pinus andBoletus in the tropics. Svensk Bot. Tidskr.24: 519–523.Google Scholar
  257. 257.
    Palmer, J. G. 1955. Mycorrhizal development inPinus virginiana as influenced by a growth regulator. George Washington Univ. Sum. Doct. Diss.1954: 102–104.Google Scholar
  258. 258.
    Pantidou, M. E. 1961. Cultural studies of Boletaceae.Gyrodon merulioides and four species ofBoletinus. Canad. Jour. Bot.39: 1149–1162.Google Scholar
  259. 259.
    Parmasto, E. 1958. Limatünnik—omapärane kevadseen. Eesti Loodus1958: 106–107.Google Scholar
  260. 260.
    Parrot, A. G. 1959. Amanites du sud-ouest de la France. Biarritz. Cent. d’Études et de Rech. Sci. B.2: 409–575.Google Scholar
  261. 261.
    Pennington, L. H. 1908. Mycorrhiza-producing basidiomycetes. Mich. Acad. Sci. Rpt.10: 47–49.Google Scholar
  262. 262.
    —. 1917. Boleti and mycorhiza upon forest trees and an unusual mycorhiza upon white oak. Phytopath.7 (1): 74.Google Scholar
  263. 263.
    Petrescu, M. 1955. Metode pentru stimularea dezvoltarii ciupercilor micorizice, in vederea folosierii lor in culturile forestiere de prote(ctie. An. Inst. Cercet. Silvice16 (1): 577–602.Google Scholar
  264. 264.
    Peyronel, B. 1920. Alcuni casi di rapporti micorizici tra boletinee ed essenze arboree. Staz. Sper. Agr. Ital. Mem.53: 24–31.Google Scholar
  265. 265.
    —. 1921. Nouveaux cas de rapports mycorhiziques entre phanérogames et basidiomycetes. Soc. Mycol. France Bul.37: 143–146.Google Scholar
  266. 266.
    —. 1922. Altri nuovi casi di rapporti micorizici tra fanerogame e basidiomyceti. Soc. Bot. Ital. Bul.4: 50–52.Google Scholar
  267. 267.
    —. 1922. Nuovi casi di rapporti micorizici tra basidiomiceti e fanerogame arboree. Soc. Bot. Ital. Bul.1: 7–14.Google Scholar
  268. 268.
    —. 1931. Simbiosi micorizici tra plante alpine e basidiomiceti. Nuovo Gior. Bot. Ital. N. S.37: 655–663.Google Scholar
  269. 269.
    Pieschel, E. 1929. Über Pilze als Erlenbegleiter und über die Mykorrhizenfrage bei Erlen. Ztschr. Pilzk. N. F.8 (2): 23–28.Google Scholar
  270. 270.
    Pilát, A. 1931. Monographie der europäischen Polyporaceen. I. Beih. Bot. Centbl.48: 404–436.Google Scholar
  271. 271.
    Pirk, W. 1949. Die rote TrüffelHydnotia Tulasnei Berk, et Br. Ztschr. Pilzk. N. F.21 (3): 21–29Google Scholar
  272. 272.
    Pryor, L. D. 1956. Chlorosis and lack of vigor in seedlings of renantherous species ofEucalyptus caused by lack of mycorrhiza. Linn. Soc. New S. Wales Proc.81: 91–96.Google Scholar
  273. 273.
    —. 1956. Ectotrophic mycorrhiza in renantherous species ofEucalyptus. Nature177: 587–588.Google Scholar
  274. 274.
    Purnell, H. 1957. Notes on fungi found in Victorian plantations III. The mycorrhizal fungi. Plantation Tech. Papers, Forests Comn. Victoria3: 9–13.Google Scholar
  275. 275.
    Rahm, E. 1953. Beobachtungen überGomphidius maculatus (Scop.) Fr., Fleckender Schmierling. Schweiz. Ztschr. Pilzk.31: 197–198.Google Scholar
  276. 276.
    Rawlings, G. B. 1951. The mycorrhizas of trees in New Zealand forests. New Zeal. Forest Res. Notes1: 15–17.Google Scholar
  277. 277.
    —. 1960. Some practical aspects of forest mycotrophy. New Zeal. Soc. of Soil Sci. Proc. 19583: 41–48.Google Scholar
  278. 278.
    Rayner, M. C. 1934. Mycorrhiza in relation to forestry: I. Researches on the genusPinus, with an account of experimental work in a selected area. Forestry8: 96–125.Google Scholar
  279. 279.
    —. 1935. Mycorrhizal associations in Scots pine. Forestry9: 154–155.Google Scholar
  280. 280.
    —. 1938. The use of soil or humus inocula in nurseries and plantations. Emp. Forestry Jour.17: 236–243.Google Scholar
  281. 281.
    —. 1939. The mycorrhizal habit in relation to forestry:III. organic composts and the growth of young trees. Forestry13: 19–35.Google Scholar
  282. 282.
    —. 1947. Behavior of Corsican pine stock following different nursery treatments. Forestry21: 204–216.Google Scholar
  283. 283.
    —, andI. Levisohn. 1941. The mycorrhizal habit in relation to forestry: IV. Studies on mycorrhizal response inPinus and other conifers. Forestry15: 1–36.Google Scholar
  284. 284.
    —, andW. Neilson-Jones. 1944. Problems in tree nutrition. 184 pp. Faber and Faber, London.Google Scholar
  285. 285.
    Reess, M. 1885. UeberElaphomyces und sonstige Wurzelpilze. Deut. Bot. Gesell. Ber.3: 293–295.Google Scholar
  286. 286.
    —. 1885. Weitere Mittheilunger überElaphomyces granulatus. Deut. Bot. Gesell. Ber.3: LXIII-LXIV.Google Scholar
  287. 287.
    —, andC. Fisch. 1887. Untersuchungen über Bau und Lebensgeschichte der Hirschtrüffel,Elaphomyces. Bibliot. Bot.7: 1–24.Google Scholar
  288. 288.
    Robertson, N. F. 1954. Studies on the mycorrhiza ofPinus sylvestris. I. New Phytol.53: 253–283.Google Scholar
  289. 289.
    Romell, L. 1921. Parallelvorkommen gewisser Boleten und Nadelbäume. Svensk Bot. Tidskr.15: 204–213.Google Scholar
  290. 290.
    —. 1930. Blodriskan, en granens följesvamp. Svensk Bot. Tidskr.24: 524–530.Google Scholar
  291. 291.
    —. 1938. A trenching experiment in spruce forest and its bearing on problems of mycotrophy. Svensk Bot. Tidskr.32: 89–99.Google Scholar
  292. 292.
    —. 1939. Barrskogens marksvamper och deras roll i skogens liv. Svenska Skogsvárdsför. Tidskr.37: 348–375.Google Scholar
  293. 293.
    Rosendahl, R. O. 1942. The effect of mycorrhizal and non-mycorrhizal fungi on the availability of difficultly-soluble potash and phosphate minerals. Soil Sci. Soc. Amer. Proc.7: 477–479.Google Scholar
  294. 294.
    Runov, E. 1955. [Experiments on mycorrhiza formation on oak seedlings in the dry steppe.] Trudy Konf. po Mikotrofii Rast., Akad. Nauk S.S.S.R., pp. 169–173.Google Scholar
  295. 295.
    Sappa, F. 1940. Ricerche biologiche sulTuber magnatum Pico. Nuovo Gior. Bot. Ital. N. S.47: 155–198.Google Scholar
  296. 296.
    Schaede, R. 1948. Die pflanzlichen Symbiosen. 187 pp. Gustav Fischer. Jena.Google Scholar
  297. 297.
    Schärer-Bider, W. 1951. Beobachtungen über die Verbreitung einiger höherer Pilze im Wallis. Geobot. Forsch Inst. Rübel Ber.1950: 38–44.Google Scholar
  298. 298.
    Schieferdecker, H. 1955. Von Birkenpilzen und Rothaübchen. Ztschr. Pilzk. N. F.21 (18): 26–28.Google Scholar
  299. 299.
    Schwitzer, H. 1930.Boletus campes (Hohlfusz) undBoletus elegans (Gold-Röhrling). Ztschr. Pilzk. N. F.9 (8–10): 136–138.Google Scholar
  300. 300.
    Schwöbel, H. 1956. Beitrag zur Frage der Mycorhizabildung. Ztschr. Pilzk.22 (1): 20–23.Google Scholar
  301. 301.
    Seiffert, W. 1953. Der Steinpilz-Boletus edulis. Ztschr. Pilzk. N. F.21 (15): 16.Google Scholar
  302. 302.
    Sen, D. N. 1961. Root ecology ofTilia europaea I. On the morphology of mycorrhizal roots. Preslia33: 341–350.Google Scholar
  303. 303.
    Shcherbakova, T. A. 1955. [Observations on development and seasonal behavior of mycorrhizae ofQuercus robur.] Izv. Akad. Nauk Belorusskoy S.S.R.1955: 93–102.Google Scholar
  304. 304.
    Shemakhanova, N. M. 1956. [Hebeloma crustuliniforme (Bull.) Fr.— mycorrhiza producer on oak.] Mikrobiol25: 57–60Google Scholar
  305. 305.
    —. 1957. [Role of mycorrhiza-forming fungi in the nutrition of woody plants.] Izv. Akad. Nauk S.S.S.R. Ser. Biol.3: 317–330.Google Scholar
  306. 306.
    —. 1960. [Studies on formation of mycorrhizae on pine withBoletus luteus (Linn.) Fr. in pure culture.] Izv. Akad. Nauk S.S.S.R. Ser. Biol.1960: 240–255.Google Scholar
  307. 307.
    —. 1961. [Effect of pure cultures of mycorrhizal fungi on development of pine and oak seedlings.] Izv. Akad. Nauk S.S.S.R. Ser. Biol.1961: 362–376.Google Scholar
  308. 308.
    Shvartsman, S. R. 1955. [Mycorrhizae of grasses and woody plants grown and cultivated in sand in the greater Barsuki.] Trudy Konf. po Mikotrofii Rast., Akad. Nauk S.S.S.R., pp. 222–226.Google Scholar
  309. 309.
    —. 1958. [Mushroom resources of Kazakhstan.] Akad. Nauk Kazakhskoy S.S.R. Izv., Ser. Bot. i Pochvoved.1: 3–15.Google Scholar
  310. 310.
    —, andN. M. Leonova. 1955. [Fungus diseases and mycorrhizae of the chief tree species of western Kazakhstan.] Akad. Nauk Kazakhskoy S.S.R. Inst. Bot. Trudy1958: 146–176.Google Scholar
  311. 311.
    Simmonds, J. H. 1936. The work of the plant pathological branch. Queensland Dept. Agr. and Stock Rpt. 1935–1936: 94–96.Google Scholar
  312. 312.
    Singer, R. 1938. Über Lärchen-, Zirben-, und Birkenröhrling. Schweiz. Ztschr. Pilzk.16: 123–126.Google Scholar
  313. 313.
    —. 1945. Notes on Farlow’s Agaricales from Chocorua. Farlowia2: 39–51.Google Scholar
  314. 314.
    —. 1945. The Boletineae of Florida with notes on extra-limital species I. The Strobilomycetaceae. Farlowia2: 97–141.Google Scholar
  315. 315.
    —. 1945. The Boletineae of Florida with notes on extra-limital species II. The Boletaceae (Gyroporoideae). Farlowia2: 223–303.Google Scholar
  316. 316.
    —. 1946. The Boletineae of Florida with notes on extra-limital species. IV. The lamellate families (Gomphidiaceae, Paxillaceae, and Jugasporaceae). Farlowia2: 527–567.Google Scholar
  317. 317.
    —. 1948. New and interesting species of Basidiomycetes II. Mich. Acad. Sci. Arts and Let. Papers32: 103–150.Google Scholar
  318. 318.
    —. 1949. The “Agaricales.” Lilloa22: 1–832.Google Scholar
  319. 319.
    —. 1949. The genusGomphidius Fries in North America. Mycologia41: 462–489.Google Scholar
  320. 320.
    —. 1950.Descolea antarctica, género y especie nuevos de Tierra del Fuego. Lilloa23: 255–258.Google Scholar
  321. 321.
    —. 1950. Die höheren Pilze Argentiniens. Schweiz. Ztschr. Pilzk.28: 181–196.Google Scholar
  322. 322.
    —. 1950. New and interesting species of Basidiomycetes III. Sydowia4: 130–157.Google Scholar
  323. 323.
    —. 1950. Zwei neue Pilzarten in den Alpen. Schweiz. Ztschr. Pilzk.28: 196–200.Google Scholar
  324. 324.
    —. 1952. Type studies on agarics III. Lilloa25: 463–514.Google Scholar
  325. 325.
    -. 1953. Antibiotic activity and formation of ectotrophic mycorrhizae in relation to natural affinity in the classification of the Basidiomycetes. 7th Intern. Bot. Cong. Proc., pp. 401–402.Google Scholar
  326. 326.
    —. 1953. Four years of mycological work in southern South America. Mycologia45: 865–891.Google Scholar
  327. 327.
    —. 1954. Agaricales von Nahuel Huapi. Sydowia8: 100–161.Google Scholar
  328. 328.
    —. 1954. The cryptogamic flora of the Arctic VI. Fungi. Bot. Rev.20: 451–462.Google Scholar
  329. 329.
    —. 1955. “Asiatische” und “Americanische” Pilze in Europa. Ztschr. Pilzk. N. F.21 (19): 1–4.Google Scholar
  330. 330.
    —. 1958. Mycological investigations on teonanácatl, the Mexican hallucinogenic mushroom. Part I. Mycologia50: 239–261.Google Scholar
  331. 331.
    —. 1959. New and interesting species of Basidiomycetes VII. Mycologia51: 578–594.Google Scholar
  332. 332.
    —, andA. P. L. Digilio. 1952. Pródromo de la flora agaricina Argentina. Lilloa25: 5–461.Google Scholar
  333. 333.
    ——. 1957. Las boletaceas Austrosudaméricas. Lilloa28: 247–268.Google Scholar
  334. 334.
    ——. 1960. Las boletaceas de Sudamérica tropical. Lilloa30: 141–164.Google Scholar
  335. 335.
    ——, andJ. H. Morello. 1960. Ectotrophic forest tree mycorrhizae and forest communities. Ecol.41: 549–551.Google Scholar
  336. 336.
    Sirén, G., andF. Bergman. 1951. Svamparna och våra skogsträd. Skogsbruket, Helsingfors21 (2): 39–43.Google Scholar
  337. 337.
    Skirgiełło, A. 1951. Rodzaj Russula w Polsce i w krajach przyległych. Planta Polonica9: 1–130.Google Scholar
  338. 338.
    Slankis, V. 1955. The causality of morphogenesis of mycorrhizal pine roots. Forest Path. Lab. South Res. Sta. Res. Rpt. 2. 17 pp.Google Scholar
  339. 339.
    -. 1958. The role of auxins and other exudates on mycorrhizal symbiosis of forest trees.In The Physiology of Forest Trees, pp. 427–443. New York.Google Scholar
  340. 340.
    Slipp, A. W., andW. H. Snell. 1944. Taxonomic-ecologic studies of the Boletaceae in northern Idaho and adjacent Washington. Lloydia7: 1–66.Google Scholar
  341. 341.
    Smith, A. H. 1951. Puffballs and their allies in Michigan. 131 pp. Univ. Mich. Press, Ann Arbor.Google Scholar
  342. 342.
    —, andL. R. Hesler. 1954. Additional North AmericanHygrophori. Sydowia8: 304–333.Google Scholar
  343. 343.
    —, andR. Singer. 1958. Studies on secotiaceous fungi. VIII. A new genus in the Secotiaceae related toGomphidius. Mycologia50: 927–938.Google Scholar
  344. 344.
    Smith, N. J. G., andF. B. Pope. 1934. The association between the GasteromycetePolysaccum andEucalyptus roots. Brit. Mycol. Soc. Trans.19: 95.Google Scholar
  345. 345.
    Smotlacha, F. 1912. Monographie českých. hub hřibovitých (Boletinei). K. Böhm. Gessel. Wiss. Math.-Natur Sitzsber. Kl.8: 1–73.Google Scholar
  346. 346.
    —. 1942. Symbiosa velkých hub s lesnimi stromy. Lesn. Prace21: 208–211.Google Scholar
  347. 347.
    Snell, W. H., R. Singer, andE. A. Dick. 1959. Notes on boletes XI. Mycologia51: 564–577.Google Scholar
  348. 348.
    Sobotka, A. 1954. Čisté kultury z plodnic mykorrhitických hub. Pracé Výzkumn. Úst. Lesn. Č.S.R.6: 103–123.Google Scholar
  349. 349.
    —. 1955. Vliv hnojeni diabasovou moučkou na mykorrhizu dubu ve středisku C.E.P. Ceskoslov. Akad. Zemed. Věd Sborn. Rada Lesn.28: 841–851.Google Scholar
  350. 350.
    —. 1956. Vliv čistého mycelia hub a mykorrhizni půdy na výživné kórinky dubu letniho v lesni školce v Nove Vsi. Českoslov. Akad. Zeméd. Ved Sborn. (Rostl. Výroba)29: 899–902.Google Scholar
  351. 351.
    —. 1956. Využiti mykorrhizy v praxi. Česka Mykol.10: 162–168.Google Scholar
  352. 352.
    —. 1957. Výživne kořinky limby, javoru a kleče na některých lokalitách Javorové doliny ve Vysokých Tatrách. Lesn. Časopis3: 201–216.Google Scholar
  353. 353.
    —. 1958. Vliv organické přimeši v půdě na početnost a anatomi (mykorrhizu) vyživných kořinku lipy ve školce Bory u Křemze. Vědecké Práce Vyzkumn. Úst. Lesa a Mysl.2: 21–34.Google Scholar
  354. 354.
    Stone, E. L. 1950. Some effects of mycorrhizae on the phosphorus nutrition of Monterey pine seedlings. Soil Sci. Soc. Amer. Proc.14: 340–345.Google Scholar
  355. 355.
    Takacs, E. A. 1961. Algunas especies de hongos formadores de micorizas en árboles forestales cultivados en la Argentina. Rev. Forest. Argentina5 (3): 80–82.Google Scholar
  356. 356.
    Thomas, W. D. 1941. The mycorrhizal fungi and mycorrhizae of four coniferous plantations in the Rhine Valley. Phytopath.31: 567–569.Google Scholar
  357. 357.
    Totten, H. R. 1923. Development of the fruit-body of a new parasiticRhizopogon. Jour. Elisha Mitchell Sci. Soc.39: 101–107.Google Scholar
  358. 358.
    Trappe, J. M. 1957. Some probable mycorrhizal associations in the Pacific Northwest. Northwest Sci.31: 183–185.Google Scholar
  359. 359.
    —. 1960. Some probable mycorrhizal associations in the Pacific Northwest. II. Northwest Sci.34: 113–117.Google Scholar
  360. 360.
    —. 1961. Some probable mycorrhizal associations in the Pacific Northwest. III. Northwest Sci.35: 91–94.Google Scholar
  361. 361.
    -. 1963. Some probable mycorrhizal associations in the Pacific Northwest. IV. Northwest Sci. [In press.]Google Scholar
  362. 362.
    -. 1962.Cenococcum graniforme—its distribution, ecology, mycorrhiza formation, and inherent variation. Ph.D. Diss., Univ. Wash., Seattle. 148 pp.Google Scholar
  363. 363.
    Trubetskova, O. M., andO. B. Mikhalevskaya. 1955. [On the seasonal development of oak mycorrhizae.] Trudy Konf. po Mikotrofii Rast., Akad. Nauk S.S.S.R., pp. 301–306.Google Scholar
  364. 364.
    Truszkowska, W. 1953. Mykotrofizm olesów Bialowieskiego Parku Narodowego i Domaszyna pod Wrocławiem. Soc. Bot. Polon. Acta22: 737–752.Google Scholar
  365. 365.
    Tyler, V. E. 1961. Indole derivatives in certain North American mushrooms. Lloydia24: 71–74.Google Scholar
  366. 366.
    Ulbrich, E. 1936. Ergebnisse neuerer Forschungen über die Mykorrhiza. Sitzsber. Ges. Naturf. Freunde Berlin1936: 260–274.Google Scholar
  367. 367.
    Ulrich, J. M. 1960. Auxin production by mycorrhizal fungi. Physiol. Plant.13: 429–443.Google Scholar
  368. 368.
    —. 1960. Effect of mycorrhizal fungi and auxins on root development of sugar pine seedlings (Pinus lambertiana Dougl.). Physiol. Plant.13: 493–504.Google Scholar
  369. 369.
    U. S. Forest Service. 1962. Report for 1961, Southeastern Forest Expt. Sta. 81 pp.Google Scholar
  370. 370.
    Vanin, S. I., andM. B. Akhremovich. 1952. [Methods of studying mycorrhizal seedlings and mycorrhizal fungi in soil.] Trudy Kompleksnoy Nauch. Eksped. po Voprosam Polezashchitnovo LesorazvedeniyaII (2): 213–230.Google Scholar
  371. 371.
    Vasil’eva, L. N. 1959. [On Boletaceae of the southern Far East.] Komarova Bot. Inst., Bot. Mater. Otd. Sporovykh Rast.12: 263–266.Google Scholar
  372. 372.
    Vasil’kov, B. P. 1944. [On the taxonomy of the aspen fungusBoletus versipellus Fr.] Sovyet. Bot.2: 21–27.Google Scholar
  373. 373.
    —. 1954. [Experimental studies of Boletaceae: onKrombholzia aurantiaca (Roques) Gilb.] Bot. Zhur.39: 681–693.Google Scholar
  374. 374.
    -. 1955. [Outline of geographic distribution of mushrooms in the U.S.S.R.] Akad. Nauk S.S.S.R., Moskva. 85 pp.Google Scholar
  375. 375.
    —. 1956. [Krombholzia scabra (Fr.) Karst. in U.S.S.R.] Akad. Nauk S.S.S.R. Bot. Inst. Trudy. Ser. 2. Sporovye Rast.1956: 367–384.Google Scholar
  376. 376.
    —. 1956. [A review of the systematics ofKrombholzia aurantiaca and its forms found in the U.S.S.R.] Komarova Bot. Inst., Bot. Mater. Otd. Sporovykh Rast.11: 134–140.Google Scholar
  377. 377.
    Vlasov, A. A. 1955. [Significance of mycorrhizae of woody plants and methods for their stimulation.] Trudy Konf. po Mikotrofii Rast., Akad. Nauk S.S.S.R., pp. 102–117.Google Scholar
  378. 378.
    Voznyakovskaya, Yu. M. 1952. [Studies on growing and testing pure cultures of mycorrhizal fungi.] Trudy Kompleksnoy Nauch. Eksped. po Voprosam Polezashchitnovo LesorazvedeniyaII (2): 161–199.Google Scholar
  379. 379.
    Vozzo, J. A., andE. Hacskaylo. 1962. Mycorrhizal fungi onPinus virginiana. Mycologia53: 538–539.Google Scholar
  380. 380.
    Wahl, I. 1954. Mycorrhiza of Aleppo pine in Israel. 8th Cong. Intern. de Bot. Rap. et Comm. Sec.13: 130.Google Scholar
  381. 381.
    —, andI. Reichert. 1953. The die-back of Aleppo pines (Pinus halepensis) and its relation to mycorrhiza development. Palestine Jour. Bot. Rehovot Ser.8: 196–204.Google Scholar
  382. 382.
    Walker, E. E. 1931. Observations on the mycorrhiza ofPinus radiata. Te Kura Ngahere (New Zeal. Jour. Forestry)3 (1): 43–44.Google Scholar
  383. 383.
    Werlich, I., andH. Lyr. 1957. Über die Mykorrhizaausbildung von Kiefer (Pinus silvestris L.) und Buche (Fagus silvatica L.) auf verschiedenen Standorten. Arch. Forstw.6: 1–23.Google Scholar
  384. 384.
    Wikén, T. 1947. Examinations of extracts from sporophores of Swedish Hymenomycetes for antibiotic activity againstPullularia pullulans (de Bary et Loew) Berkhout. Arkiv. Bot.33 (12): 1–10.Google Scholar
  385. 385.
    —, andK. Öblom. 1947. Examination of extracts from sporophores of Swedish Hymenomycetes for antibiotic activity againstStaphylococcus aureus. Arkiv. Bot.33 (11): 1–15.Google Scholar
  386. 386.
    Wilkins, W. H. 1945. Investigations into the production of bacteriostatic substances by fungi. Cultural work on the basidiomycetes. Brit. Mycol. Soc. Trans.28: 110–114.Google Scholar
  387. 387.
    —, andG. C. M. Harris. 1944. Investigation into the production of bacteriostatic substances by fungi. Ann. Appl. Biol.31: 261–270.Google Scholar
  388. 388.
    Wojciechowska, H. 1960. Studia nad mikotrofizmem świerka pospolitego (Picea excelsa Lk.) w północnym jego zasięgu, ze szczególnyn uwzględnieniem mikotrofizmu zbiorowisk roślinnych w Leśnictwie Lipowo Nadleśnictwa Sadłowo pod Biskupcem Reszelskim. Folia Forest. Polon. Ser. A2: 123–166.Google Scholar
  389. 389.
    Woodroof, N. C. 1933. Pecan mycorrhizas. Georgia Agr. Expt. Sta. Bul. 178, 15 pp.Google Scholar
  390. 390.
    Worley, J. F., andE. Hacskaylo. 1959. The effect of available soil moisture on the mycorrhizal association of Virginia pine. Forest Sci.5: 267–268.Google Scholar
  391. 391.
    Wright, E., andR. F. Tarrant. 1958. Occurrence of mycorrhizae after logging and slash burning in the Douglas-fir forest type. U. S. Forest Serv. Pac. NW. Forest and Range Expt. Sta. Res. Note 160, 7 pp.Google Scholar
  392. 392.
    Young, H. E. 1936. A mycorrhiza-forming fungus ofPinus. Austral. Inst. Agr. Sci. Jour.2: 32–34.Google Scholar
  393. 393.
    —. 1937.Rhizopogon luteolus, a mycorrhizal fungus ofPinus. Forestry11: 30–31.Google Scholar
  394. 394.
    -. 1940. Fused needle disease and its relation to the nutrition ofPinus. Queensland Forest Serv. Bul. 13, 108 pp.Google Scholar
  395. 395.
    Zak, B. 1962. Direct isolation of fungal symbionts from pine mycorrhizae. Phytopath.52: 34.Google Scholar
  396. 396.
    Zeller, S. N., andK. Togashi. 1934. The American and Japanese matsutakes. Mycologia26: 544–558.Google Scholar
  397. 397.
    Zeman, J. 1955. Ergebnisse der Beobachtungen des Wachstums der Fichtenrasse des Steinpilzes (Boletus edulis Fr., subsp.bulbosis Schäff.) III. Schlusz. Schweiz. Ztschr. Pilzk.33: 20–23.Google Scholar
  398. 398.
    Zerova, M. Ya. 1950. [Mycorrhizal fungi on some tree species in Kanevsk Preserve.] Shevchenka Derzhavniy Univ. Trudy Kanivskovo Biogeog. Zap. No.8: 55–64.Google Scholar
  399. 399.
    —. 1950. [Scleroderma verrucosum Pers.—a mycorrhizal fungus of woody species in arid steppes.] Ukrayn. Bot. Zhur.7 (4): 90–95.Google Scholar
  400. 400.
    —. 1953. [Species of mycorrhizal fungi new for Ukrainian S.S.R.] Ukrayn. Bot. Zhur.10 (3): 67–71.Google Scholar
  401. 401.
    -. 1955. [Mycorrhiza formation on trees in the Ukrainian S.S.R.] Trudy Konf. po Mikotrofii Rast., Akad. Nauk S.S.S.R., pp. 43–62.Google Scholar
  402. 402.
    —. 1956. [Some fungi of virgin steppes of the Ukraine.] Ukrayn. Bot. Zhur.13 (2): 68–77.Google Scholar
  403. 403.
    —. 1956. [Inocybe serotina Peck—a mycorrhizal symbiont ofSalix acutifolia Willd.] Ukrayn. Bot. Zhur.13 (4): 54–62.Google Scholar
  404. 404.
    —, andN. I. Efimova. 1953. [Effect of mycorrhizal fungi found in a steppe grove on the development of oak seedlings under experimental conditions.] Ukrayn. Bot. Zhur.10 (2): 32–45.Google Scholar
  405. 405.
    —, andD. V. Vorobyov. 1950. [Ectotrophic mycorrhizae on trees and shrubs in arid steppes of Ukrainian S.S.R.] Ukrayn. Bot. Zhur.7 (1): 67–81.Google Scholar
  406. 406.
    ——. 1952. [Mycorrhizae and problems of steppe afforestation in Ukrainian S.S.R.] Trudy Kompleksnoy Nauch. Eksped. po Voprosam Polezashchitnovo LesorazvedeniyaII (2): 200–207.Google Scholar
  407. 407.
    Zeuner, H. 1922. Mykorrhiza. Ztschr. Pilzk.1(2): 33–37.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The New York Botanical Garden 1962

Authors and Affiliations

  • James M. Trappe
    • 1
  1. 1.Pacific Northwest Forest and Range Experiment Station, Forest ServiceU. S. Department of AgriculturePortland

Personalised recommendations