Economic Botany

, Volume 53, Issue 4, pp 387–395 | Cite as

Ethnobotany of caiçaras of the Atlantic Forest coast (Brazil)

  • Silvia C. Rossato
  • HermóGenes F. De LeitãO-Filho
  • Alpina Begossi
Article

Abstract

Caiçaras are inhabitants of the Atlantic Forest coast in SE Brazil. We studied the uses of plants by five Caiçara communities and compared medicinal plant citations by informants in coastal and island communities. We use diversity indices to evaluate the use of plants and to compare communities. There is a high diversity of plants used in the Atlantic Forest coasts: we found 276 species used for food, medicine and construction. Caiçaras rely on folk medicine, and medicinal plants were especially cited in interviews. Following predictions of island biogeography theory, we found a lower diversity of medicinal plants cited in islands compared to continental communities.

Key Words

ethnobotany Atlantic Forest coast diversity folk medicine Brazil 

Etnobotânica de Caiçaras da Mata Atlântica, Brasil

Resumen

OS caiçaras são habitantes da costa da Mata Atlântica no SE do Brasil. Estudamos o uso de plantas em cinco comunidades caiçaras e comparamos as citações de plantas medicinais entre as comunidades da costa e das ilhas. Usamos indices de diversidade para comparar as comunidades. Há uma alta diversidade de plantas usadas na costa da Mata Atlântica: encontramos 276 plantas usadas para alimento, medicina e construçāo. Os caiçaras dependem da medicina tradicional, e plantas medicinais foram especialmente citadas nos entrevistas. Seguindo as expectativas da teoria de biogeografia de ilhas, encontramos uma diversidade menor de plantas medicinais citadas nas ilhas comparado às comunidades continentais.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Literature Cited

  1. Aldunate, C., J. J. Armesto, V. Castro, and C. Villagran. 1983. Ethnobotany of prealtiplanic community in the Andes of northern Chile. Economic Botany 37:120–135.Google Scholar
  2. Anderson, E. F. 1986. Ethnobotany of Hill tribes of Northern Tailand. I. Medicinal plants of Akha. Economic Botany 40:38–53.Google Scholar
  3. Balée, W. 1987. A etnobotanica quantitativa dos índios Tembé (Rio Gurupi, Pará). Boletim do Museu Paraense Emílio Goeldi Sèrie Bot 3:29–50.Google Scholar
  4. Begossi, A. 1992. Food taboos at Búzios Island (SE Brazil): their significance and relation to folk medicine. Journal of Ethnobiology 12:117–139.Google Scholar
  5. —. 1995. Fishing spots and sea tenure: incipient forms of local management in Atlantic Forest coastal communities. Human Ecology 23:387–406.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. —. 1996. Use of ecological methods in ethnobotany: diversity indices. Economic Botany 50: 280–289.Google Scholar
  7. —. 1998a. Cultural and ecological resilience among caiçaras of the Atlantic Forest and caboclos of the Amazon, Brazil. Pages 129–157in C. Folke and F. Berkes, eds., Linking social and cultural systems for resilience. Cambridge University Press, UK.Google Scholar
  8. —. 1998b. Extractive reserves in the Brazilian Amazon: an example to be followed in the Atlantic Forest? Ciência e Cultura 50:24–28.Google Scholar
  9. Begossi, A., H. F. Leitão-Filho, and P. J. Richerson. 1993. Plants uses in a Brazil coastal fishing community (Búzios Island). Journal of Ethnobiology 13:233–256.Google Scholar
  10. Bennet, B. C. 1992. Plants and people of the Amazonian rainforests. Bioscience 42:599–607.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Boom, B. M. 1990. Useful plants of Panare Indians of Venezuela Guayama. Advances in Economic Botany 8:57–76.Google Scholar
  12. Chavero, E. L., and M. E. A. Roces. 1988. Ethnobotany in a tropical-humid region: the home gardens of Balzapote, Vera Cruz, Mexico. Journal of Ethnobiology 8:45–79.Google Scholar
  13. Elizabetsky, E. 1988. Introdution to ethnopharmacology. Pages 109–110in D. A. Posey and W. L. Overal, eds., Ethnobiology: implications and applications. Museu Paraense Emilio GoeldiBelém, Pará, Vol 2.Google Scholar
  14. Farnsworth, N. R. and D. D. Soejarto. 1991. Global importance of medicinal plants. Pages 22–51in O. Akerele, ed., The conservation of medicinal plants. Cambridge University Press, UK.Google Scholar
  15. Figueiredo, G. M., H. F. Leitão-Filho, and A. Begossi. 1993. Ethnobotany of Atlantic forest coastal communities diversity of uses in Gamboa (Itacuruçá Island, Brazil). Human Ecology 21:419–430.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. —, —,and —. 1997. Ethnobotany of Atlantic Forest communities. II. Diversity of plants uses at Sepetiba Bay (SE-Brazil). Human Ecology 25:353–360.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Gadgil, M., F. Berkes and C. Folke. 1993. Indigenous knowledge for biodiversity conservation. Ambio 22:151–156.Google Scholar
  18. Gliessman, S. R. 1992. Agroecology in the tropics: achieving a balance between land use and preservation. Environmental Management 16:681–689.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Joly, C. A., H. F. Leitão-Filho, and S. M. Silva. 1991. The Floristic Heritage. Pages 97-125in I. G. Câmara, ed., Atlantic Rain Forest, Ed. Index/SOS Mata Atlântica, São Paulo.Google Scholar
  20. Krebs, C. J. 1989. Ecological Methodology. Harper and Row Publishers, New York.Google Scholar
  21. Leitão-Filho, H. F. 1982. Aspectos taxonômicos das florestas do Estado de São Paulo. Silviculture em São Paulo 16:197–206.Google Scholar
  22. MacArthur, R. H. 1972. Geographical Ecology. Princeton University Press, New Jersey.Google Scholar
  23. Mittermeier, R. A., and I. A. Bowles. 1993. The GEF and biodiversity conservation: lessons to date and recommendation for future action. Conservation International Policy Paper 1:2–20.Google Scholar
  24. Phillips, O., A. H. Gentry, C. Reynel, P. Wilkin, and C. B. Gálvez-Durand. 1994. Quantitative ethnobotany and Amazonian conservation. Conservation Biology 8:225–248.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Prance, G. T., W. Balée, B. M. Boom, and R. L. Carneiro. 1987. Quantitative ethnobotany and the case for conservation in Amazonia. Conservation Biology 1:296–310.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Plotkin, M. J. 1988. The outlook for new agricultural and industrial products from the tropics. Pages 106–115in E. O. Wilson, ed., Biodiversity. National Academy Press, Washington, DC.Google Scholar
  27. Rossato, S. C. 1996. Utilização de plantas por populações do litoral norte do estado de São Paulo. Master’s thesis, University of São Paulo.Google Scholar
  28. Silva, A. F., and H. F. Leitão-Filho. 1982. Composição florística e estrutura de um trecho de Mata Atlântica de encosta no município de Ubatuba (São Paulo, Brasil). Revista Brasileira de Botânica 5:43–52.Google Scholar
  29. Toledo, V. M., A. I. Batis, R. Bacerra, E. Martinez, and C. Ramos. 1995. La selva util: etnobotánica cuantitativa de los grapos indígenas del trópico húmedo de México. Interciência 20:177–187.Google Scholar
  30. Vianna, L. P., and M. C. Brito. 1992. Vila de Picinguaba: o caso de uma comunidade caiçara no interior de uma área protegida. Pages 1067–1073in Anais do 2. Congresso Nacional de Essências Nativas, São Paulo, Brazil.Google Scholar
  31. Wilson, E. O. 1992. The diversity of life. The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, Cambridge, MA.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The New York Botanical Garden Press 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Silvia C. Rossato
    • 1
  • HermóGenes F. De LeitãO-Filho
    • 1
  • Alpina Begossi
    • 1
  1. 1.CampinasBrazil

Personalised recommendations