Economic Botany

, Volume 53, Issue 3, pp 281–284 | Cite as

Sweet goldenrod (Solidago odora, Asteraceae): A medicine, tea, and state Herb

  • Arthur O. Tucker
  • Michael J. Maciarello
  • Keith Clancy
Article

Abstract

Sweet goldenrod (Solidago odora) has a long history of medicinal use by Native Americans and was exported for tea in the nineteenth century. In 1996 sweet goldenrod was proclaimed the State Herb of Delaware. The essential oil of flowering tops ofS. odora f.odora originally from Maryland is characterized by 70.81 ±3.82% methyl chavicol (estragole) and 12.45 ±2.26% myrcene, while the essential oil of flowering tops of S. odora f. inodora from Delaware is characterized by 31.28±13.26% myrcene, 27.09±4.13% limonene, and 12.89±4.41% (E)-methyl isoeugenol. While no toxic principles could be found in the essential oil, further study is still needed to confirm that the toxicity reported in previous studies is due entirely to infestations by goldenrod rust,Coleosporium asterum.

Key Words

Solidago odora methyl chavicol myrcene limonene (E)-methyl isoeugenol 

Soudago odora, (Asteraceae): una Medicina, un TÉ, y la Hierba del Estado de Delaware

Resumen

Solidago odora tiene una historia larga de usos médicinales por la gente indígena de Norte America, y fue exportada para uso como té en el siglo diecinueve. En 1996, S. odora fue adopto como la hierba del estado de Delaware. El aceite esencial de las flores de S. odora f. odora en un principio del estado de Maryland contiene 70,81 ±3,82% el metilo de chavicol (estragole) y 12,45±2,26% myrcene, mientras el aceite esencial de las flores deS. odora f.inodora del estado de Delaware contiene 31,28±13,26% myrcene, 27,09±4,13% limonene, y el metilo de 12,89±4,41± (E)-metilo de isoeugenol. Mientras no se encontraron ningún componentes tó-xicos en el aceite esencial hacenfalta más estudios para confirmar que la toxicadad reportada en estudios previos fue ocasionada exclusivamente porColeosporium asterum.

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Copyright information

© The New York Botanical Garden Press 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Arthur O. Tucker
    • 1
  • Michael J. Maciarello
    • 1
  • Keith Clancy
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Agriculture and Natural ResourcesDelaware State UniversityDover
  2. 2.Dover

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