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Economic Botany

, Volume 53, Issue 2, pp 161–176 | Cite as

Passiflora incarnata (Passifloraceae): A new fruit crop

  • Christopher M McGuire
Article

Abstract

Passiflora incarnata:A New Fruit Crop. Economic Botany 53(2): 161–176, 1999. Passiflora incarnata bears flavorful fruits consumed by past and present peoples, and this plant deserves greater use as a fruit crop. Native to southeastern North America, it is an herbaceous perennial vine which flowers and fruits over much of the growing season. P. incarnata is self-incompatible and usually pollinated by carpenter bees (Xylocopa spp.). Plants are functionally andromonoecious, and low resource status favors male flower production and thus reduces fruit set. The fruits contain many seeds, each surrounded by an aril holding edible juice, and this juice can be consumed fresh or used in processed products. Because it is a minor agricultural weed, P. incarnata should not be introduced into regions where it may naturalize. Polyploid hybrids of P. incarnata and the subtropical and tropical passionfruit, P. edulis, are also potential temperate fruit crops. Future research on P. incarnata should evaluate intraspecific genetic variation and performance in cultivation.

Key Words

maypop new crop Passiflora incarnata passionflower 

Passiflora incarnata (Passifloraceae): Un Nuevo Cultivo Frutal

Resumen

Passiflora incarnata (Passifloraceae): Un Nuevo Cultivo Frutal. Tanto historicamente como actualmente el consumo de la fruta Passiflora incarnata justifica su consideración como un cultivo frutal. P. incarnata es una liana herbácea perenne, indígena del sudeste de America del Norte, que produce fruta a lo largo de la temporada de crecimiento. P. incarnata es autoincompatible y, usualmente, polinada por abejas carpinteras (Xylocopa spp.). Estas plantas son funcionalmente andromonoícas. Niveles de recursos bajos favorecen la production deflores masculinas y reducen el nuúmero defrutos. Los frutos contienen muchas semillas, coda una de ellas rodeada por un aril con jugo comestible. Este jugo se puede usar tanto para productos naturales como procesados. Es importante evitar la introduction de P. incarnata en regiones donde se pueda aclimatar, ya que se comporta como una mala hierba. Es posible cultivar los híbridos de P. incarnata y P. edulis, la fruta depasión tropical y subtropical, en zonas templadas. Futuras pesquisas se deberían enfocar en la evaluación de la variación genética intraespecífica y su rendimiento como cultivo.

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© New York Botanical Garden Press 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Fruit and Vegetable ScienceCornell UniversityIthacaUSA

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