American Potato Journal

, Volume 59, Issue 2, pp 77–86 | Cite as

Effect of rate and time of fertilization on nitrogen and yield of Russet Burbank potatoes under center pivot irrigation

  • S. Roberts
  • W. H. Weaver
  • J. P. Phelps
Article

Abstract

Applying less N on Russet Burbank potatoes (Solanum tuberosum L.) at planting time may reduce the potential loss of N from sandy soil by wind erosion and leaching early in the season. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of rate and time of N fertilization on potato production. Potatoes were grown in outdoor pot cultures with N rates of 75,150 and 300 ppm and in field plots with N rates from 112 to 448 kg N/ha applied in single and split applications. The results from pot cultures harvested after one month’s growth showed that yield of tops increased and tuber yield decreased as applied N at planting increased from 75 ppm to 150 or 300 ppm. Field results showed that the yield of potatoes was as high or higher when N applications were split between planting and when plants were 15 to 20 cm tall (early tuberization) as with the same amount of N applied at planting. Generally 112 kg N/ha at planting time was sufficient when additional N was applied after emergence. Split application of N resulted in more second growth on tubers than when all of the N was applied at planting.

Key Words

Bulking rate tuberization 

Resumen

El aplicar menos N en papas de la variedad Russet Burbanl (Solanum tuberosum L.) al momento de la siembra puede reducir la pédida potencial de N en suelos arenosos debido a la erosíon por viento y lixiviación temprana en la estación de cultivo. El objetivo de este estudio fué evaluar el efecto de la dosis y momento de fertilización nitrogenada en la producción de papas. Las papas fueron cultivadas en macetas en el exterior con dosis de 15,150 y 300 ppm de N, y en parcelas en el campo con dosis de 112 a 448 kg N/ha, en una aplicación o en parcialidades. Los resultados de los cultivos en macetas después de un mes de crecimiento mostraron un aumento de la produccioń de partes aéreas de la planta y reducción del rendimiento cuando el N aplicado en la siembra aumentó de 75 ppm a 150 o 300 ppm. Los resultados de campo mostraron que el rendimiento de la papa fué similar o mayor cuando las aplicaciones de N fueron divididas entre el momento de la siembra y cuando las plantas tenían 15 a 20 cm de altura (tuberización temprana) que al aplicar la misma cantidad de N solo al momento de la siembra. En general, la dosis de 112 kg/ha al momento de la siembra fué suficiente cuando una aplicación suplementaria de N fué aplicada dispués de la emergencia. La aplicación parcializada de N resultó en mayor proporción de tubérculos con crecimiento secundario que al aplicar todo el N en la siembra.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Literature Cited

  1. 1.
    Association of Official Agricultural Chemists. 1950. Methods of Analysis (7th Ed). Washington, DC 910 pp.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Baker, A.S. and R. Smith. 1969. Extracting solution for potentiometric determination of nitrate in plant tissue. J Agric Food Chem 17:1284.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Baker, A.S., R. Ben Yehuda and U. Kafkafi. 1980. Effects of rate, source and distribution method of nitrogen fertilizer on seed potato production. J Agric Sci Camb 94: 745–747.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Chapman, Homer D. 1966. Diagnostic criteria for plants and soils, Chap. 22, Agric Publications, Univ of Calif, Berkeley, 793 pp.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Collin, G.H. 1970. Yield response of potatoes to fertilizer on sandy loam. Ontario Department of Agriculture and Food Report, pp. 86–97.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Dow, A.I., A.R. Halvorson, R.E. Thornton and S. Roberts. 1974. Fertilizer guide for irrigated potatoes. Wash State Univ Coll Agric Coop Ext Svc FG-7.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Dow, A.I. and R. Kunkel. 1963. Fertilizer tests with potatoes. Wash State Univ Coop Ext Serv Circ 335.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Iritani, W.M. 1978. Seed productivity-stem numbers and tuber set. Proc Annu Wash State Potato Conf 17:1–4.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Jones, J.P. and C.G. Painter. 1975. Tissue analysis, a guide to nitrogen fertilization of Idaho Russet Burbank potatoes. Univ of Idaho Coll Agric Coop Ext Serv Current Information Series No 240.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Krauss, A. 1978. Tuberization and abscissic acid content inSolanum tuberosum as affected by nitrogen nutrition. Potato Res 21:183–193.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Middleton, J.E., S. Roberts, D.W. James, T.A. Cline, B.L. McNeal and B.L. Carlisle. 1975. Irrigation and fertilization management for efficient crop production on a sandy soil. Wash State Univ Coll Agric Res Cent Bull 811.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Roberts, S. 1976. Nitrogen application timing is important. Columbia Basin Farmer, January, p. 29.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Sattelmacher, B. and H. Marschner. 1979. Tuberization in potato plants as affected by applications of nitrogen to the roots and leaves. Potato Res 22:49–57.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Vomocil, J.A. and R.E. Ramig. 1976. Wind erosion control on irrigated Columbia Basin land. Oregon State Univ Special Report 466.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer 1982

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. Roberts
    • 1
  • W. H. Weaver
    • 1
  • J. P. Phelps
    • 1
  1. 1.Irrigated Agriculture Research and Extension CenterProsser

Personalised recommendations