Economic Botany

, Volume 47, Issue 3, pp 268–274 | Cite as

Extraction of non-timber forest products, including fodder and fuelwood, in Mudumalai, India

  • Balachander Ganesan


Mudumalai is biologically rich with a wealth of plant and animal life. Increasing human numbers and current patterns of non-timber forest product, fodder and fuelwood extraction threaten the integrity of the ecosystem. Change in management of the protected areas that include the Mudumalai region is needed. In particular, policies relating to grazing and basic energy requirements need to be reexamined. At the same time, mechanisms must be developed to increase rural incomes using means other than exploitation of natural resources.

Key Words

non-timber forest products tropical forests sustainability India Mudumalai 


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Literature Cited

  1. Appasamy, P. 1993. Role of non-timber forest products in a subsistence economy: the case of a joint forestry project in India. Economic Botany 47:258–267.Google Scholar
  2. Government of Tamil Nadu. 1991. Census report for Mudumalai. Forest Department, Government of Tamil Nadu, Madras.Google Scholar
  3. —. 1992a. 1991 census report. Fort St. George, Madras.Google Scholar
  4. —. 1992b. Fuelwood consumption in Tamil Nadu. Forest Department, Social Forestry Wing, Government of Tamil Nadu, Madras.Google Scholar
  5. Lal, J. B. 1989. India’s forests—myth and reality. Natraj Publishers, Dehra Dun.Google Scholar
  6. National Wastelands Development Board. 1986. Report of the committee on fodder and grasses. Ministry of Environment and Forests, Government of India, New Delhi.Google Scholar
  7. Vivekananthan, K., and N. C. Nair. 1982. Flora of Mudumalai. Botanical Survey of India, Coimbatore.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The New York Botanical Garden 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • Balachander Ganesan
    • 1
  1. 1.Graduate Program in EcologyRutgers UniversityNew BrunswickUSA

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