Economic Botany

, Volume 50, Issue 1, pp 57–70 | Cite as

Wild food plants in South Korea; market presence, new crops, and exports to the United States

  • Robert W. Pemberton
  • Nam Sook Lee
Article

Abstract

South Korean food markets were examined for the presence of wildgathered food plants between 1989 and 1995. One hundred twelve species belonging to 83 genera and 40 families were found. Plants used as leafy vegetables were the most common (73.2%), followed by fruits (22.3%), root vegetables (6.2%) and flower foods (4.4%). Nearly half of these plant species belonged to three families: Asteraceae (29) Liliaceae (10) and Apiaceae (7). As of 1992, 19 of these wild foods were also being grown as new crops, a development that involved more than 25000 farm households. At least eleven of these wild food plants were exported to the United States in 1994, where they are sold by Korean food markets.

Key Words

South Korea wild food plants gathering market produce food exports food-ways food culture 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Literature Cited

  1. Dufour, D. L., andW. M. Wilson. 1994. Characteristics of “wild” food plants used by indigenous populations in Amazonia. Pages 114–142in N. L. Etkin, ed., Eating on the wild side. The University of Arizona Press, Tucson, AZ.Google Scholar
  2. Hua, S. Y., C. W. Shing, C. T. Yin, andS. P. Jian. 1987. Flora of Beijing. Vol. 2. Beijing Press Agency, China, (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  3. Hayashi, Y., andT. Kawamoto. 1942. Wild food plants of Chosen (Korea). Bulletin of the Forest Experiment Station No. 33. The Forest Experiment Station, Government-General of Chosen, Kiejo, Japan (present day Seoul, Republic of Korea), (in Japanese)Google Scholar
  4. Johnson, O., ed. 1995. Information please almanac. Houghton Miffin, New York, New York.Google Scholar
  5. Lee, C. H. 1989. Mountain (wild) vegetable cultivation status. Rural Development Administration, Suwon, Republic of Korea, (in Korean)Google Scholar
  6. Lee, T. B. 1971. Illustrated medicinal plants. Office of Rural Development, Suwon, Republic of Korea, (in Korean)Google Scholar
  7. — 1969. Wild edible plants. Forest Research Institute, Seoul, Republic of Korea, (in Korean)Google Scholar
  8. — 1979. Illustrated flora of Korea. Hyang Mun Sa, Seoul, Republic of Korea, (in Korean)Google Scholar
  9. Mabberley, D. J. 1993. The plant book, a portable dictionary of higher plants. Cambridge University Press, UK.Google Scholar
  10. Moerman, D. E. 1994. North American food and drug plants. Pages 166–181in N. L. Etkin, ed., Eating on the wild side. The University of Arizona Press, Tucson, AZ.Google Scholar
  11. Muller, M. M. 1982. Selected climatic data for a global set of standard stations for vegetation science. Dr. Junk Publishers, The Hague, Netherlands.Google Scholar
  12. Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries (Republic of Korea). 1993. 1992 Statistical year-book of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries, Seoul, Republic of Korea, (in Korean)Google Scholar
  13. Ministry of Education (Republic of Korea). 1983. Korean Gazetteer. Seoul, Republic of Korea, (in Korean)Google Scholar
  14. Pemberton, R. W. 1994. The revival of rice-field grasshoppers as human food in South Korea. Pan-Pacific Entomologist 70:323–327.Google Scholar
  15. Rural Development Administration (Republic of Korea). 1993. Mountain (wild) vegetable cultivation status. Suwon, Republic of Korea, (in Korean)Google Scholar
  16. Tanaka, T. 1976. Tanaka’s cylopedia of edible plants of the world. Keigaku Publishing Company, Tokyo, Japan.Google Scholar
  17. Takashima, S. 1982. Vegetable crops of Japan in color. Hoikusha Publishing Company Limited, Tokyo, Japan, (in Japanese)Google Scholar
  18. Walker, E. H. 1976. Flora of Okinawa and the southern Ryukyu Islands. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, DC, USA.Google Scholar
  19. Wu, S. Q. 1987a. Vegetables in Taiwan. Vol. 1. Du Jia Limited, Taipei, Taiwan, (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  20. — 1987b. Vegetables in Taiwan. Vol. 2. Du Jia Limited, Taipei, Taiwan, (in Chinese)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The New York Botanical Garden 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Robert W. Pemberton
    • 1
  • Nam Sook Lee
    • 2
  1. 1.Aquatic Plant Management LaboratoryAgricultural Research Service, USDALauderdale
  2. 2.Department of BiologyEwha Womans UniversitySeoulRepublic of Korea

Personalised recommendations