Economic Botany

, Volume 52, Issue 1, pp 44–56 | Cite as

Ectomycorrhizal fungi with edible fruiting bodies 2.Boletus edulis

  • I. R. Hall
  • A. J. E. Lyon
  • Y. Wang
  • L. Sinclair
Article

Abstract

Boletus edulis sensu lato (penny bun mushroom, cep, cèpe de Bordeaux, porcino, Steinpilz) is a complex of at least five species (or sub-species) of mycorrhizal fungi which grow primarily with hosts in Fagaceae, Pinaceae, and Betulaceae. They occur in a wide variety of habitats throughout the Northern Hemisphere and have been accidentally introduced into South Africa and New Zealand. The fruiting bodies have a very strong flavor and are widely used both commercially and domestically, particularly in Europe and North America. The vegetation, climate, and soils where B. edulis grows and methods that have been used in unsuccessful attempts to cultivate it are described.

Key Words

mycorrhiza fungus Boletus edulis ecology cultivation 

Hongos ectomicorrizicos con cuerpos fructiferos comestibles, 2. Boletus edulis

Résumé

Boletus edulis sensu lato (champiñón, penny bun mushroom, cep, cèpe de Bordeaux, porcino, Steinpilz) es un complejo de por lo menos cinco especies (o subespecies) de hongos micorrízicos que se crían principalmente sobre hospedadores en las familias Fagaceae, Pinaceae y Betulaceae. Se encuentran en una gran variedad de hábitats a través del Hemisferio Norte y han sido accidentalmente introducidos a Sud Africa y Nueva Zelandia. Los cuerpos fructíferos tienen un sabor muy fuerte y son ampliamente utilizados tanto comercial como domésticamente, particularmente en Europa y Norte América. Se describen la vegetación, clima y suelos donde crece B. edulis y los métodos utilizados en intentos fallidos para cultivarlo.

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Copyright information

© New York Botanical Garden, Bronx, NY 10458 U.S.A 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • I. R. Hall
    • 1
  • A. J. E. Lyon
    • 2
  • Y. Wang
    • 3
  • L. Sinclair
    • 3
  1. 1.New Zealand Institute for Crop & Food Research LimitedInvermay Agricultural CentreMosgielNew Zealand
  2. 2.Department of Animal and Plant SciencesUniversity of SheffieldSheffieldUK
  3. 3.New Zealand Institute for Crop & Food Research LimitedInvermay Agricultural CentreMosgielNew Zealand

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