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The Botanical Review

, 45:377 | Cite as

Fungi as aids in higher plant classification

  • D. B. O. Savile
Article

Summary

Host-parasite relationships and the uses of mycological data in plant classification are discussed. An important function of data from Uredinales is to indicate relative ages of origin for different groups of plants. When evolving rust lineages can be recognized they may provide detailed guidance on the direction of evolution. The available published and unpublished information in the field is reviewed. Rosaceae, Fabaceae, Onagraceae, Scrophulariaceae, Asteraceae, Poaceae, Cyperaceae, and Liliales are discussed in greatest detail. Some conclusions on relative ages in the monocotyledons are presented. It appears that Juncaceae must have been derived from Cyperaceae, by partial reversion to entomophily, rather than the reverse.

Keywords

Botanical Review Downy Mildew Rust Fungus Smut Fungus Rust Genus 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Zusammenfassung

Wirt-Parasit-Zusammenhänge und die Verwertung mykologischer Daten zur Pflanzenklassifizierung werden erörtert. Eine wichtige Funktion der über Rostpilze vorhandenen Daten ist es, das relative Enstehungsalter verschiedener Pflanzengruppen anzuzeigen. Wenn die Abstammungslinien von Rostpilzen erkannt werden, könnten sie genauen Aufschlußüber die Evolutionsrichtung vermitteln. Das veröffentlichte und unveröffentlichte Informationsmaterial auf diesem Fachgebiet wird besprochen. Rosaceae, Fabaceae, Onagraceae, Scrophulariaceae, Asteraceae, Poaceae, Cyperaceae und Liliaceae werden sehr ausführlich diskutiert. Einige Erkenntnisse über das relative Alter einkeimblättriger Pflanzen werden vorgelegt. Es scheint, daß sich die Juncaceae durch teilweise Reversion zur Insektenbestäubung aus den Cyperaceae entwickelt haben statt umgekehrt.

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Copyright information

© The New York Botanical Garden 1979

Authors and Affiliations

  • D. B. O. Savile
    • 1
  1. 1.Biosystematics Research Institute Agriculture CanadaOttawaCanada

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