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The Botanical Review

, Volume 42, Issue 4, pp 389–466 | Cite as

The host range of crown gall

  • Marcel De Cleene
  • Jozef De Ley
Interpreting Botanical Progress

Abstract

Crown gall is a plant tumor disease caused by the specific action of the bacteriumAgrobacterium tumefaciens. In the current literature its host range is not clearly defined or is thought to be restricted to the dicotyledonous class of the angiosperms.

We reviewed the susceptibility of 1193 species belonging to 588 genera and 138 families; 643 are host plants belonging to 331 genera and 93 families. Our list seems to be so far the most extensive source of information on crown gall susceptibility of plants.

We attempted to correlate the susceptibility of plants to crown gall with known and/or presumed taxonomic relationships (according to the taxonomic systems of Engler and Takhtajan). No lower plant is known to be a host for crown gall. About 60% of the gymnosperms and the dicotyledonous angiosperms examined were sensitive for crown gall. In the latter class, there is no significant relationship between the taxonomic position of a plant family and its susceptibility. According to the literature, the susceptible monocots are limited to theLiliales andArales. The common opinion that the host range of crown gall is restricted to the dicotyledonous plants, is thus incorrect.

Keywords

Gall Host Range Botanical Review Agrobacterium Tumefaciens Crown Gall 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Resume

Le crown gall (galle de la couronne) est une tumeur végétale provoquée par Faction spécifique de la bacterieAgrobacterium tumefaciens. Ses plantes notes ne sont en général pas clairement décrites ou sont simplement considérées etre limitées a la classe des dicotylédones.

Nous avons examiné des données sur la susceptibilité de 1193 espèces appartenantes à 588 genres et 138 families; 643 sont des plantes nôtes qui appartiennent à 331 genres et 93 families. Notre liste semble être la plus grande source d’information concernant la susceptibilité des plantes à la galle de la couronne.

En outre, nous avons essayé d’établir un rapport entre la susceptibilité des plantes au crown gall et les relations taxonomiques connues et/ou proposées (d’après les systèmes taxonomiques d’Engler et de Takhtajan). On ne connaît pas une plante inférieure qui est sensible au crown gall. Soixante pour cent des gymnospermes et des dicotylées étudiées ont développé des tumeurs. II n’y a pas de rapport significatif entre la position taxonomique d’une famille dicotylée et sa sensibilité. Selon la litérature les monocotylées sensibles appartiennent toutes aux ordres desLiliales et desArales. L’opinion générate que les plantes nôtes du crown gall appartiennent toutes à la classe des dicotyledones est donc inexacte.

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Copyright information

© The New York Botanical Garden 1976

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marcel De Cleene
    • 1
    • 3
  • Jozef De Ley
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.Laboratory of Plant PhysiologyThe State UniversityLedeganckstraat, 35, 9000Belgium
  2. 2.Laboratory of Microbiology and Microbial GeneticsThe State UniversityLedeganckstraat, 35, 9000Belgium
  3. 3.Faculty of SciencesThe State UniversityGentBelgium

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