Economic Botany

, Volume 24, Issue 3, pp 301–324 | Cite as

Blackfoot Indian utilization of the flora of the northwestern great plains

  • Alex Johnston


The Blackfoot Indians occupied the northwestern plains along and adjacent to the eastern base of the Rocky Mountains in present-day southern Alberta, Canada, and western Montana, V. S. A. Climate and topography and, hence, vegetation of the region are diverse. Although primarily meat-eaters, the Blackfoot consumed some vegetable foods. They had a knowledge of plant medicines, which they used in the treatment of both humans and horses. Plants were used for other purposes including the production of dyes and perfumes, the manufacture of weapons, and as construction materials. The Blackfoot Indians utilized 185 species belonging to 140 genera of plants distributed among 57 families.


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Copyright information

© The New York Botanical Garden 1970

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alex Johnston
    • 1
  1. 1.Research StationCanada Department of AgricultureLethbridge

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