Economic Botany

, Volume 12, Issue 3, pp 261–295 | Cite as

The natural history of Jojoba (Simmondsia chinensis) and its cultural aspects

  • Howard Scott Gentry


Simmondsia chinensis is unique in many ways. Endemic to the Sonoran Desert of Mexico and the United States, its broad, persistent, heavy leaves are unlike any of its associates. Its large edible seeds contain about 50% oil, which is directly used as a cooking oil and as a hair oil. The oil has excellent qualities for many industrial and medicinal uses. Chemically it is a liquid wax and by hydrogenation is easily converted to a hard white wax. Jojoba’s singular characteristics as a desert shrub, however, present many problems facing its development as a cultivated plant.


Economic Botany Jojoba Sonoran Desert Desert Shrub Coastal Sand Dune 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References Cited

  1. (1).
    Anonymous. Latest Developments in Orchard Machinery. American Fruit Grower. January 1953.Google Scholar
  2. (2).
    -. Raspberry Picker Saves Manpower. Chemurgic Digest 12(3) : 9. 1951.Google Scholar
  3. (3).
    Baird, R. O. Jojoba—Potential Desert Crop. The Reclamation Era, July, 1948. [pp. 121–122.]Google Scholar
  4. (4).
    Burgess, P. S. Fifty-second Annual Report. Agr. Exp. Sta., Univ. Ariz. 1941. [p. 48.] Abstract: Exp. Sta. Record 87, No. 6: 791. 1942.Google Scholar
  5. (5).
    Daugherty, P. M., Sineath, H. H., and Wastler, T. A. A survey ofSimmondsia chinensis (Jojoba). Georgia Inst. Tech. Eng. Exp. Sta. Bull. 17. 1953.Google Scholar
  6. (6).
    Gindel (Rehovot), J. Acclimatization of Exotic Woody Plants in Israel. Materiae Vegetabilis 2: 81–101. 1957. Den Haag, Netherlands.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. (7).
    Greene, R. A., and Foster, E. O. The liquid wax of seeds ofSimmondsia californicd. Bot. Gaz. 94: 826–828. 1933.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. (8).
    Green, T. G., Hilditch, T. P., and Stainsby, W. J. The seed wax ofSimmondsia californica. Journ. Chem. Soc. 1936: 1750–1755.Google Scholar
  9. (9).
    Huey, Lawrence M. The pocket gophers of Baja California, etc. Trans. San Diego Soc. Nat. Hist. 10: 245–268. 1945.Google Scholar
  10. (10).
    Mirov, N. T.Simmondsia. Chemurgic Digest 9(7): 7–9. 1950.Google Scholar
  11. (11).
    —.Simmondsia or jojoba—A problem in economic botany. Econ. Bot. 6: 41–47. 1952.Google Scholar
  12. (12).
    Schoenleber, L. G., Bouse, Fred, and Coppock, G. E. A two-row, tractor-mounted, castor-bean harvester. Oklahoma A & M College Agr. Bull. No. B-489. March, 1957.Google Scholar
  13. (13).
    Shreve, Forrest. Vegetation of the Sonoran Desert. Carnegie Inst. Wash. Publ. 591. 1951.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The New York Botanical Garden 1958

Authors and Affiliations

  • Howard Scott Gentry
    • 1
  1. 1.U. S. Department of AgricultureCrops Research Division, Agricultural Research ServiceUSA

Personalised recommendations