Economic Botany

, Volume 35, Issue 1, pp 24–41 | Cite as

Osage orange (Maclura pomifera): History and economic uses

  • Jeffrey L. Smith
  • Janice V. Perino


Osage orange, a tree native to Texas, Oklahoma, and Arkansas, was planted widely in the United States as a living fence from 1850–1875. It has naturalized over much of its planted range and is an early successional species. Economically the tree has had a wide number of uses including for bows, yellow dye, and building materials. It is used for fence posts and is a potential source for a proteolytic enzyme. Its taxonomy, anatomy, morphology, chemical constitutents, medicinal uses, and toxicity are discussed in this paper and related to its economic importance.


Bark Economic Botany Lupeol Root Bark Fence Post 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© The New York Botanical Garden 1981

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jeffrey L. Smith
    • 1
  • Janice V. Perino
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of BotanyMiami UniversityOxford

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