Economic Botany

, Volume 42, Issue 1, pp 73–85 | Cite as

Dissemination pathways of common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris, Fabaceae) deduced from phaseolin electrophoretic variability. I. The Americas

  • P. Gepts
  • K. Kmiecik
  • P. Pereira
  • F. A. Bliss


Dissemination pathways of common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris) cultivars from their areas of domestication to other parts of the Americas were determined using phaseolin type, as determined by 1-dimensional SDS/PAGE. Common bean cultivars of lowland South America exhibited approximately equal numbers of ‘S’ and ‘T’ phaseolin types. ‘S2019 cultivars of that region may have been introduced along a route starting in Middle America and leading into Colombia, Venezuela, and eventually Brazil. ‘T’ phaseolin cultivars in lowland South America may have been introduced directly from the Andes or indirectly by European immigrants. In the southwestern U.S.A., most of the cultivars showed an ‘S’ phaseolin, confirming the Middle American origin of these cultivars, as suggested previously by the archaeological record. In northeastern U.S.A. and Canada, the ‘T’and ‘C’ phaseolin types were more frequent than the ‘S’ phaseolin cultivars. While most of the former were possibly introduced into that region by European immigrants, most of the latter may have been introduced by the pre-Columbian Indian populations. Seed size analysis revealed that ‘T’ or ‘C’ phaseolin cultivars had significantly larger seeds than ‘S’ phaseolin cultivars, as had been observed previously in Middle America and the Andes. The phaseolin types of commercial seed types and of early northeastern U.S. cultivars are discussed.


Common Bean Economic Botany Colombia Venezuela Phaseolin 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Literature Cited

  1. Berglund-Brücher, O., and H. Brücher. 1976. The South American wild bean (Phaseolus aborigineus Burk.) as ancestor of the common bean. Econ. Bot. 30:257–272.Google Scholar
  2. Brown, J. W. S., F. A. Bliss, and T. C. Hall. 1981. Genetic variation in the subunits of globulin-1 storage protein of French bean. Theor. Appl. Genet. 59:83–88.Google Scholar
  3. —, J. R. McFerson, F. A. Bliss, and T. C. Hall. 1982. Genetic divergence among commercial classes ofPhaseolus vulgaris in relation to phaseolin pattern. HortScience 17:752–754.Google Scholar
  4. Brücher, H. 1968. Die Evolution der Gartenbohne Phaseolus vulgaris L. aus der südamerikanischen WildbohnePh. aborigineus Burk. Angew. Bot. 42:119–128.Google Scholar
  5. —. 1977.Phaseolus. Pages 186–206in Tropische Nutzpflanzen. Springer, Berlin.Google Scholar
  6. Burkart, A. 1943. Las leguminosas argentinas silvestres y cultivadas. Acme, Buenos Aires.Google Scholar
  7. —, and H. Brücher. 1953.Phaseolus aborigineus Burkhart, die mutmassliche andine Stammform der Kulturbohne. Züchter 23:65–72.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Dagnelie, P. 1969. Théorie et méthodes statistiques. 2 vol. Duculot, Gembloux, Belgium.Google Scholar
  9. Ford, R. I. 1981. Gardening and farming before a.d. 1000: patterns of prehistoric cultivation north of Mexico. J. Ethnobiol. 1:6–27.Google Scholar
  10. Gentry, H. S. 1969. Origin of the common bean, Phaseolus vulgaris. Econ. Bot. 23:55–69.Google Scholar
  11. Gepts, P. 1984. Nutritional and evolutionary implications of phaseolin seed protein variability in common beanPhaseolus vulgaris L.). Ph.D. Thesis, Univ. Wisconsin-Madison, Madison.Google Scholar
  12. —, and F. A. Bliss. 1988 Dissemination pathways of the common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris) deduced from phaseolin electrophoretic variability. II. Europe and Africa. Econ. Bot., 42:86- 104.Google Scholar
  13. —. 1986. Phaseolin variability among wild and cultivated common beans (Phaseolus vulgaris) from Colombia. Econ. Bot. 40:469–478.Google Scholar
  14. —, T. C. Osborn, K. Rashka, and F. A. Bliss. 1986. Phaseolin protein variability in wild forms and landraces of the common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris): evidence for multiple centers of domestication. Econ. Bot. 40:451–468.Google Scholar
  15. Hedrick, U. P. 1931. The vegetables of New York: the beans of New York. New York Agric. Exp. Sta. Rep. 1:1–110.Google Scholar
  16. Kaplan, L. 1956. The cultivated beans of the prehistoric Southwest. Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 43: 189–227.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. —. 1965. Archaeology and domestication in AmericanPhaseolus (beans). Econ. Bot. 19:358- 368.Google Scholar
  18. —. 1971.Phaseolus: diffusion and centers of origin. Pages 416–427in C. L. Riley, J. C. Kelly, C. W. Pennington, and R. C. Rands, eds., Man across the sea. Univ. of Texas Press, Austin.Google Scholar
  19. —. 1981. What is the origin of the common bean? Econ. Bot. 35:240–254.Google Scholar
  20. —, T. F. Lynch, and C. E. Smith. 1973. Early cultivated beans (Phaseolus vulgaris) from an intermontane Peruvian valley. Science 179:76–77.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Ma, Y. 1977. Improvement of nutritive value of dry bean seed (Phaseolus vulgaris L.). Ph.D. Thesis, Univ. Wisconsin-Madison, Madison.Google Scholar
  22. —, and F. A. Bliss. 1978. Seed proteins of common bean. Crop Sci. 18:431–437.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. MacBryde, F. W. 1947. Cultural and historical geography of southwest Guatemala. Smithsonian Inst., Inst. Soc. Anthropol. Publ. 4:25, 75-76, 134-135.Google Scholar
  24. Martens, G. v. 1869. Die Gartenbohnen. Ihre Verbreitung, Cultur und Benutzung. 2nd ed. Ulmer, Ravensburg, Germany.Google Scholar
  25. McClintock, B., T. A. Kato Y., and A. Blumenschein. 1981. Chromosome constitution of races of maize. Colegio de Postgraduados, Chapingo, Mexico.Google Scholar
  26. Miranda Colín, S. 1967. Origen dePhaseolus vulgaris L. (frijol común). Agrociencia 1:99–109.Google Scholar
  27. Tracy, W. W. 1907. American varieties of garden beans. USDA Bur. PI. Ind. Bull. 109.Google Scholar
  28. Voysest, O. 1983. Variedades de frijol en América Latina y su origen. Centra Internacional de Agriculture Tropical, Cali, Colombia.Google Scholar
  29. Wing, H. H. 1882. Beans. New York Agric. Exp. Sta. Annual Rep. 1:89–119.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The New York Botanical Garden 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. Gepts
    • 1
  • K. Kmiecik
    • 2
  • P. Pereira
    • 2
  • F. A. Bliss
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of HorticultureUniversity of WisconsinMadison
  2. 2.Department of HorticultureUniversity of WisconsinMadison

Personalised recommendations