Okra, potential multiple-purpose crop for the temperate zones and tropics
Immature okra pods are commonly consumed as a vegetable. In addition, okra has attributes that could permit it to be used for other purposes. Leaves, buds, and flowers are edible; dried seeds could provide oil, protein, vegetable curd and a coffee additive or substitute. Foliage could be used for biomass, and the dried stems could serve as a source of paper pulp or fuel. The possible gossypol and cyclopropenoid contents of okraseed must be considered when food or feed use for monogastrates is contemplated. Although little development work has been done with okra, available germ plasm appears to be sufficiently diverse to permit genetic improvement.
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- Anonymous. 1979. La variabilité naturelle du matériel végétal du gumbo, Abeimoschus esculentus (L.) Moench. In Côte-D’Ivoire. Centre Neerlandais, Fondation Rattachee au Centre ORSTOM. D’Adiopoumé. 1978 Annual Report, p. 29–34. Université Agronomique, Wageningen, Neth-erlands.Google Scholar
- Burkill, I.H. 1935. A Dictionary of the Economic Products of the Malay Peninsula. Crown Agents for the Colonies, London.Google Scholar
- Edwards, W.R., Jr., and J.C. Miller. 1947. Okra seed oil. Chemurgic Digest 29: 31–33.Google Scholar
- Irvine, F.R. 1952. Supplementary and emergency food plants of West Africa. Econ. Bot. 6: 23–40.Google Scholar
- Kester, E.B. 1951. Minor oil-producing crops of the United States. Econ. Bot. 5: 38–59.Google Scholar
- Mangual-Crespo, G., and F.W. Martin. 1980. Effects of spacing on seed, protein, and oil production of four okra varieties. J. Agric. Univ. Puerto Rico 64: 450–459.Google Scholar
- Martin, F.W., and R. Ruberte. 1979. Milling and use of okra seed meal at the household level. J. Agric. Univ. Puerto Rico 63: 1–7.Google Scholar
- National Coordinating Group on Male Anti-fertility Agents. 1978. Gossypol: a new antifertility agent for males. Chin. Med. J. (English ed.) 4: 417–428.Google Scholar
- Nelson, C.H., H. J. Nieschlag, M. E. Daxenbichler, I. A. Wolff, and R. E. Perdue, Jr. 1961. A search for new fiber crops. III. Laboratory-scale pulping studies. Tappi 44: 319–325.Google Scholar
- Savello, P., F. W. Martin, and J. M. Hill. In press. Nutritional value of ground okra seed in rat feeding trials. J. Food Sci.Google Scholar
- Telek, L., and F. W. Martin. In press. Okra seed. A potential source for oil and protein in the humid lowland tropics. In E.H. Pryde, ed., New Sources of Fats and Soils. Amer. Oil Chem. Soc, Champaign, IL.Google Scholar
- Van Borssum Waalkes, J. 1966. Malesian Malvaceae revised. Blumea 14: 1–213.Google Scholar
- Zeven, A.C, and P.M. Zhukovsky. 1975. Dictionary of Cultivated Plants and Tehri Centres of Diversity. Centre for Agricultural Publishing and Documentation, Wageningen, Netherlands.Google Scholar