Economic Botany

, Volume 34, Issue 4, pp 401–437 | Cite as

Carbonized food plants of Pompeii, Herculaneum, and the Villa at Torre Annunziata

  • Frederick G. Meyer


The remains of carbonized plants recovered from sites destroyed by Mount Vesuvius in A.D. 79 furnish valuable historical evidence on many staple food plants used by the ancient Campanians of the 1st century A.D. Carbonized seeds,grains, nuts, and fruits of 24 species identified from documented materials at Pompeii, Herculaneum, and the Roman villa at Torre Annunziata include: filbert, Corylus avellana;broadbean, Vicia fabavar. minor;bittervetch. Vicia ervilia;chickpea, Cicer arietinum;carob, Ceratonia siliqua;lentil, Lens culinaris;European chestnut, Castanea sativa;English or Persian walnut, Juglans regia;common onion, Allium cepa;garlic, Allium sativum;fig, Ficus carica;olive, Olea europaea;date, Phoenix dactylifera;stone pine, Pinus pinea;six-rowed barley, Hordeum vulgare;emmer wheat, Triticum dicoccon;common millet, Panicum miliaceum;Italian millet, Setaria italica;oat, Avena sativa;almond, Prunus dulcis;sour cherry, Prunus cerasus;pear, Pyrus communis;crabapple, Malussp.;and grape, Vitis vinifera.


Seed Coat Economic Botany National Museum Sour Cherry Emmer Wheat 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© New York Botanical Garden, Bronx, NY 10458 1980

Authors and Affiliations

  • Frederick G. Meyer
    • 1
  1. 1.U.S. National Arboretum, Agricultural ResearchScience and Education Administration, U.S. Dept. of AgricultureWashington, D.C.

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