The Botanical Review

, Volume 66, Issue 1, pp 1–56 | Cite as

A revised classification of the Apocynaceae s.l.

  • Mary E. Endress
  • Peter V. Bruyns
Interpreting Botanical Progress


The Asclepiadaceae, as traditionally defined, have repeatedly been shown to be an apomorphic derivative of the Apocynaceae. It has often been recommended that the Asclepiadaceae be subsumed within the Apocynaceae in order to make the latter monophyletic. To date, however, no comprehensive, unified classification has been established. Here we provide a unified classification for the Apocynaceae, which consists of 424 genera distributed among five subfamilies: Rauvolfioideae, Apocynoideae, Periplocoideae, Secamonoideae, and Asclepiadoideae. Keys to the subfamilies and tribes are provided, with lists of genera that (as far as we have been able to ascertain) are recognized in each tribe.


Botanical Review Corolla Tube Apocynaceae Corolla Lobe Guide Rail 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Es wurde wiederholt festgestellt, dass die Asclepiadaceae in der traditionellen Umgrenzung ein apomorphes Derivat der Apocynaceae sind. Deshalb wurde oft vorgeschlagen, sie bei den Apocynaceae unterzubringen, damit die Apocynaceae eine monophyletische Gruppe darstellen. Bis jetzt wurde aber keine eingehende kombinierte Klassifikation publiziert. Hier stellen wir eine kombinierte Klassifikation vor für die Apocynaceae, mit 424 Gattungen, die in fünf Unterfamilien gegliedert sind: Rauvolfioideae, Apocynoideae, Periplocoideae, Secamonoideae und Asclepiadoideae. Schlüssel zu den Unterfamilien sowie den Triben werden gegeben. Die Gattungen, die zu jeder Tribus gehören (soweit bekannt) werden aufgelistet.


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Copyright information

© The New York Botanical Garden 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mary E. Endress
    • 1
  • Peter V. Bruyns
    • 2
  1. 1.Institute of Systematic BotanyUniversity of ZurichZurichSwitzerland
  2. 2.Bolus HerbariumUniversity of Cape TownRondeboschSouth Africa

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