Effect of vehicle weight on natural frequencies of bridges measured from traffic-induced vibration

  • Chul-Young Kim
  • Dae-Sung Jung
  • Nam-Sik Kim
  • Soon-Duck Kwon
  • Maria Q. Feng
Article

Abstract

Recently, ambient vibration test (AVT) is widely used to estimate dynamic characteristics of large civil structures. Dynamic characteristics can be affected by various environmental factors such as humidity, intensity of wind, and temperature. Besides these environmental conditions, the mass of vehicles may change the measured values when traffic-induced vibration is used as a source of AVT for bridges. The effect of vehicle mass on dynamic characteristics is investigated through traffic-induced vibration tests on three bridges; (1) three-span suspension bridge (128m +404m + 128m), (2) five-span continuous steel box girder bridge (59m + 3@95m + 59m), (3) simply supported plate girder bridge (46m). Acceleration histories of each measurement location under normal traffic are recorded for 30 minutes at field. These recorded histories are divided into individual vibrations and are combined into two groups according to the level of vibration ; one by heavy vehicles such as trucks and buses and the other by light vehicles such as passenger cars. Separate processing of the two groups of signals shows that, for the middle and long-span bridges, the difference can be hardly detected, but, for the short span bridges whose mass is relatively small, the measured natural frequencies can change up to 5.4%.

Keywords

ambient vibration test traffic induced vibration vehicle mass suspension bridge short-span bridge dynamic characteristics natural frequency 

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Copyright information

© Institute of Engineering Mechanics, China Earthquake Administration 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Chul-Young Kim
    • 1
  • Dae-Sung Jung
    • 1
  • Nam-Sik Kim
    • 2
  • Soon-Duck Kwon
    • 3
  • Maria Q. Feng
    • 4
  1. 1.Dept. of Civil & Envir. Eng.Myongji UniversityKorea
  2. 2.Hyundai Institute of Construction TechnologyHyundai E&C Co. Lid.Korea
  3. 3.Dept. of Civil EngineeringChonbuk National UniversityKorea
  4. 4.Dept. of Civil & Envir. Eng.University of CaliforniaIrvineUSA

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