Journal of Forestry Research

, Volume 16, Issue 3, pp 187–192

Relationships of climate change and tree ring ofBetula ermanii tree line forest in Changbai Mountain

  • Yu Da-pao
  • Gu Hui-yan
  • Wang Jian-dong
  • Wang Qing-li
  • Dai Li-min
Article

Abstract

Based on the tree-ring growth characteristics of Erman's birch (Betula ermanii charm.) and the relationships between it and climatic factors at elevation of 1950m, the sensitivity of tree lines in Changbai Mountain to climatic factors was assessed. The results indicated tree line forest in Changbai Mountain had an obvious, sensitivity to climate factors. However, difference from other study sits is that the main climatic control factor on tree-ring growth was not current growth season temperatures, as might be expected, but previous winter and current March temperature. Although the precipitation in the region was quite abundant, the tree-ring growth was still significantly correlated with the precipitation during previous winter and current spring. Additionally, climatic factors which influenced the Erman's birch growth were not the yearly variables, but seasonal and monthly variables. Therefore the reported increase in yearly mean temperature and total yearly precipitation since 1980s was not responded by sustained increase in ring widths in recent decades.

Keywords

Climatic change dendrochronology Erman's birch Tree line in Changbai Mountain 

CLC number

S718.512 

Document code

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Box, G.E.P. and Jenkins, G.M. 1976. Time series analysis: Forecasting and Control [M]. San Franciso: Holden-Day, 26–30.Google Scholar
  2. Briffa, K.R., Jones, P.D., Schweingruber, F.H., Shiyatov, S.G., Cook, E.R. 1995. Unusual twentieth-century summer warmth in a 1000-yr temperature record from Siberia [J]. Nature,376: 156–159.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Buckley, B.M., Cook, E.R., Peterson, M.J., Barbetti, M. 1997. A changing temperature response with elevation forLagarostrobus franklinii in Tasmania, Australia [J]. Climate change,36: 477–498.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Chapman, W.L., Walsh, J.E. 1993. Recent variation of sea ice and air temperature in high latitudes [J]. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society,74: 33–47.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Cook, E.R. 1985. Atime-series approach to tree-ring standardization [D]. Ph.d. thesis. University of Arezona, Tucson, Arizona.Google Scholar
  6. Cook, E.R., Shiyatov, S., and Mazepa, V. 1990. Estimation of the mean chronology. In: Cook, E.R. and Kairiukstis, L.A. (Eds.): Methods of dendrochronology: application in the environmental sciences [C]. Kluwer Academic Publishes. Dordrecht, the Netherlands, pp123–132.Google Scholar
  7. Cullen, L.E., Palmer, J.G., Duncan, R.P., Stewart, G.H. 2001. Climate change and tree-ring relationships ofNothofagus menziesii tree-line forests [J]. Canadian Journal of Forest Research.,31: 1981–1991.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. D'Arrigo, R.D., Jacoby, G.C. 1993. Secular trends in high northern latitude temperature reconstructions based on tree rings [J]. Climate Change,25: 163–177.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. D'Arrigo, R.D., Jacoby, G.C., Free, R.M. 1992. Tree-ring width and maximum latewood density at the North American tree line: parameters of climatic change [J]. Can J Fot Res,22: 1290–1296.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Delworth, T.L., Knutson, T.R. 2000. Simulation of early 20th century global warming [J]. Science.,287: 2246–2249.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Esper, J., Cook, E.R., Schweingruber F.H. 2002. Low-frequency signals in long tree-ring chronologies for reconstructing past temperature variability [J]. Science,295: 2250–2256.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Forster, D.R., Spear, R.W. 1990. Insights from paleoecology to community ecology [J]. Trends in Ecology and Evolution,5: 119–122.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Fritts, H.C. 1976. Tree Rings and Climate [M]. New York: Academic PressGoogle Scholar
  14. Hofgaard, A., Tardif, J., Bergeron, Y. 1999. Dendroclimatic response ofPicea mariana andPinus banksiana along a latitudinal gradient in the eastern Canadian boreal forest [J]. Can J Fot Res,29: 1333–1346.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Homes R.L. 1983. Computer-assisted quality control in Tree-Ring dating and measurement [J]. Tree-Ring Bulletin43: 69–78.Google Scholar
  16. Hou Aimin, Peng Shaolin and Zhou Guoyi. 2000. A new tool to study vegetation dynamics [J]. Ecology Science,19(3): 46–49. (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  17. Hu, F.S., Lee, B.Y., Kaufman, D.S. 2002. Response of tundra ecosystem in southwestern Alaska to Younger-Dryas climatic oscillation [J]. Global Change Biology,8(11): 1156–1163CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Hughes, M.K., Brown, P.M. 1991. Drought frequency in central California since 101 B.C. recorded in Giant Sequoia tree rings [J]. Climate Dynamics,6: 161–167.Google Scholar
  19. IPCC. 2001. Mcarthy., J.J., Canziani, O.F., Leary, N.A., Dokken., D.J., White, K.S. (Eds.), Climate change 2001: Impacts, Adaptations and Vulnerability—contributions of Eorking Group II to the IPCC Third Assessment Report [C]. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, UK.Google Scholar
  20. Jacoby, G.C., D'Arrigo, R.D. 1989. Reconstructed northern hemisphere annual temperature since 1671 based on high-latitude tree-ring data from North America [J]. Climate Change,14: 39–59.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Kendall, M.G. 1970. Rank correlation methods [M]. London: Griffin. pp125–130.Google Scholar
  22. Kohler, M.A. 1949. On the use of double-mass analysis for testing the consistency of meteorological records and for making required ajustments [J]. Bulletin of the American Meterological Society,82: 96–97.Google Scholar
  23. Liu Guohua, Fu Bojie. 2001. Effects of global climate change on forest ecosystems [J]. Journal of Natural Resources,16(1): 71–78. (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  24. Liu Qijing. 1989.Betula ermanii forest and its dynamics in Changbai Mountain [D]. Ph.D. thesis. Institute of Applied Ecology., Shenyang: Chinese Academy of Science. (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  25. Ljoyd, A, Graunlich, L.J. 1997. Holocene dynamics of tree line forests in the Sierra Nevada [J]. Ecology,78(4): 1199–1210.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Loehle, C. 1995. Anomalous responses of plants to CO2 richment [J]. Oikos,73: 181–187.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Norton, D.A. 1985. Adendrochronological study of Nothofagus solandri tree growth along an elevational gradient, South Islang., New Zealand [C]. In: Tuner, H. and Tranquillini, W. (Eds). Establishment and tending of subalpine forests. Brimensdorf: S wiss Federal Institute of Forestry Research. pp. 159–171.Google Scholar
  28. Richard, E.M., Cecilia, M.B., Eric, J.S. 2002. Dynamics of recent climate change in the arctic [J]. Science,297: 1497–1502.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Robertson, E.O., Jozsa, L.A. 1988. Climatic reconstruction from tree rings at Banff [J]. Can J Fot Res,18: 888–900.Google Scholar
  30. Schweingruber., F.H. 1996. Tree rings and environment: Dendroecology [M]. Bern: Haupt. p21–39.Google Scholar
  31. Serreae, M.C., Walsh, J.E., Chapin III, F.S., Osterkamp, T., Dyurgerov, M., Romanobsky, V., Oechel, W.C., Morison, J., Zhang, T., Barry, G. 2000. Observational evidence of recent change in the northern high-latitude environment [J]. Climatic Change,46, 159–207CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Shao Xuemei, Wu Xiangding. 1997. Reconstruction of climate change on Changbai Mountain, Northeast China using tree-ring data [J]. Quaternary Sciences,1: 76–85. (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  33. Shen Zehao, Fang Jingyun, Liu Zengli, Wu Jie. 2001. Structure and dynamics of Abies fabric population near the alpine timberline in Hailuo Clough of Gongga Mountain [J]. Acta Botanica Sinica,43(12): 1288–1293. (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  34. Villalba, R., Boninsegna, J.A., Veblen, T.T., Schmelter, A., Rubulis, S. 1997. Recent trends in tree-ring records from high elevation sites in the Andes of northern Patagonia [J]. Climate Change,36: 425–454.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Wang S.W., Cai, J.N., Zhu, J.H., Gong, D.Y. 2002. Studies on climate change in China [J]. Climatic and Environmental Research,7(2): 137–145.Google Scholar
  36. Wisley, B.J. 1996. Plant responses to elevated atmospheric CO2 among terrestrial biomes [J]. Oikos,76(1): 201–206.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Wisley, B.J., McNaughton, S.J., Coleman, J.S. 1994. Will increases in atmospheric CO2 affect regrowth following grazing in C4 grassed from tropic grasslands: a test withSporobolus kentrophyllus [J]. Oecologia.,99: 141–144.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Wu Xiangding. 1990. Tree ring and climatic change [M]. Beijing: Meteorology Press. (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  39. Zhou Xiaofeng, Wang Xiaochun Han Shijie, Zou Chunjing. 2002. The effect of global climate change on the dynamics ofBetula ermanii-tundra ecotone in the Changbai Mountains [J]. Earth Science Frontiers,9(1): 227–231. (in Chinese)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Northeast Forestry University 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yu Da-pao
    • 1
  • Gu Hui-yan
    • 1
    • 2
  • Wang Jian-dong
    • 3
  • Wang Qing-li
    • 1
    • 4
  • Dai Li-min
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Applied EcologyChinese Academy of ScienceShenyangP. R. China
  2. 2.Northeast Forestry UniversityHarbinP. R. China
  3. 3.Gardens Management OfficeUrban Construction Bureau of Jilin CityJilinP. R. China
  4. 4.Shenyang BrachChinese Academy of ScienceShenyangP. R. China

Personalised recommendations