Advertisement

Journal of Forestry Research

, Volume 10, Issue 4, pp 247–250 | Cite as

Population and distribution of wolf in the world

  • Zhang Honghai
Article
  • 111 Downloads

Abstract

This paper introduced the past and current situation about distribution and population of wolf (Canis lupus) in different countries. Wolf once distributed widely in the world. Its distribution area has diminished greatly as their living conditions are destroyed, together with persecution from humans. The overall population of wolf is also declining. In some countries, wolves are endangered or even extinct. Now some countries have placed the wolf on the national list of protected animals. Alaska of the United States and Canada are the widely distributed areas of wolves in the world.

Key words

wolf Canis lupus distribution population habit protection 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Ames, N. 1995. The Mexican wolf-prospects for recovery. Proc. Int. wolf Symp.; Nat. Geogr. Soc. Washington, D. C., p 78–84Google Scholar
  2. Bergerud, A.T.W.W. and Smider, B. 1983. The role of wolf predation in limiting a moose population. J. wildl. Manage.,47(4): 977–988CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Bibikov, D.I.; Flonov, K.P. 1990. The wolf in preserves in the former USSR. Piroda, 2Google Scholar
  4. Bibikov D. 1993. Wolves in Russia INTERNATIONAL WOLF, p18–19Google Scholar
  5. Burkholder, B.L. 1959, Movements and behavior of a wolf pack in Alaska. J. wildl. Manage.,23(1): 1–11CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Cahalare, V.H. 1994. A preliminary study of distribution and numbers of cougar, grizzly and wolf in North America N. Y. Zool. Soc., 12Google Scholar
  7. Carbyn L. N. 1994. Canadian's 50 000 Wolves. INTERNATIONAL WOLF, 3.Google Scholar
  8. Carbyn, L.N. 1983. Wolf predation on elk in Riding Mountain National Park, Manitoba. J. wildl. Manage.,47(4): 963–976CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Dale, B., Adams, L.G.et al. 1994. Functional responses of wolves preying on barren-ground caribou in a multiple prey ecosystem. J. Anim. Ecol.,63: 644–652CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Duden, S.S. 1996. The wolves of Mideast. INTERNATIONAL WOLF, 13–14Google Scholar
  11. Fuller, T.K. 1989. Population dynamics of wolves in north-central Minnesota. Wildl. Monogr.,105: 1–41Google Scholar
  12. Gao Yutang. 1987. Chinese Fauna (Camivore). Beijing: Science and Technology Press. 178–182Google Scholar
  13. Goldman, E.A. 1997. The wolves of North America, part II classification of wolves. The Amaer wildl. Insit., WashingtonGoogle Scholar
  14. Hell, P., Paule, L. 1992. Taxonomic data on the wolf (Canis lupus). from the Romanian Carpathians. Folia Zool. Bmo.,31: 255–270Google Scholar
  15. Hendrickson, J., Robinson, W.L., Mech, L.D. 1985. Status of the wolf in Michigan. Am. Midl. Nat.,94: 226–232CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Jbala, Y.V. 1993. The Indian Wolf. INTERNATIONAL WOLF, 16–17Google Scholar
  17. Keith, L.B. 1997. Population dynamics of wolves. in (eds L.N. Carbyn): Wolves in Canada and Alaska. Can. Wildl. Serv. Rep. Ser. 45. p 135Google Scholar
  18. Ma Yiqing. 1986. Mammals of Heilongjiang Province. Harbin: Heilongjiang Scientific Press. 141–149.Google Scholar
  19. McBride, R.T. 1990. The Mexican Wolf (Canis lupus bailey): A historical Review and observation on its status and distribution. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Serv. Rept. Endangered Species Report 8; p38Google Scholar
  20. Mech, L.D. 1970. The Wolf: The Ecology and Behavior of an Endangered Species. The America Museum of Natural HistoryGoogle Scholar
  21. Mech L.D. 1995. The status of the wolf in the United States. Wildl. Soc. Bull.,23: 85–87Google Scholar
  22. Mendelssohn, H. 1998. Status of the wolf in the middle east. Acta Zool. Fenn.,174: 279–280Google Scholar
  23. Packard, J. 1992. Population regulation in wolves, In(eds Eastman, D.S.; Peek, J.M.): Symposium on Natural Regulation of Wildlife Populations. Sept, 1983; 151–174Google Scholar
  24. Rayes, R.D., Baer, A.M. and Larsen, D.G. 1991. Population dynamics and prey relations of an exploited and recovery wolf population in Southern Yukon. Yukon Fish and wildl. Branch Final report TR-91-1Google Scholar
  25. Shahi, S.P. 1993. Status of gray (Canis lupus pallipes, Sykes) in India. Acta Zool. Fennica,184: 283–286Google Scholar
  26. The International Wolf Center. 1993. Alaska Wolf Plan Defeated by communication Failures INTERNATIONAL WOLF, 11–13Google Scholar
  27. Voskar J. 1993. Present problem of wolf preservation in Czechoslovakia. Acta Zool. Fennica,184: 287–288Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Editorial Board of Journal of Forestry Research All right reserved 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Zhang Honghai
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of BiologyQufu Normal UniversityQufu, ShandongP.R. China

Personalised recommendations