Advertisement

American Journal of Potato Research

, Volume 76, Issue 5, pp 263–272 | Cite as

Founding clones, major contributing ancestors, and exotic progenitors of prominent North American potato cultivars

  • Stephen L. Love
Article

Abstract

Neither founding clones nor major genetic contributors to modern North American potato cultivars have been systematically identified. Available pedigrees, through 12 generations, were used to identify founding clones and major contributing ancestors (MCAs), to outline relationships among these clones, to determine the genetic contribution of MCAs and exotic germplasm to prominent cultivars, and to draw conclusions about the gene base of prominent North American cultivars. Based on 1996 certified seed acreage, 46 cultivars were identified as prominent, of which 44 had published pedigrees. Using this pedigree data, 12 MCAs consisting of four types were identified: land race types including Daber and Sutton’s Flourball; immediate descendants of land race types including Busola, Early Rose, Garnet Chili, Imperator, Richter’s Jubel, and Triumph; early USDA releases including Chippewa, Earlaine, and Katahdin; and one derivative of a GermanSolanum demissum ×S. tuberosum population designated Germ. No. 3895-13. These clones appeared in the pedigrees of from 61 to 100% of the 44 most prominent North American cultivars. Some MCAs appeared numerous times in the pedigrees of the cultivars with the maximum being Busola, which appeared in the pedigree of NorDonna 94 times. Across the 44 cultivars, the genetic contribution of MCAs averaged from 1.4% for Daber to 23.2% for Katahdin. A positive genetic contribution by exotic germplasm was present in 34 of the 44 cultivars. Krantz, Russet Nugget, Conestoga, and Yukon Gold had exotic germplasm contributions of 49.5, 34.1, 32.3, and 31.3%, respectively.

Additional Key Words

Solanum tuberosum L. pedigrees genetic contribution exotic germplasm gene base 

Abbreviations

MCA

major contributing ancestor

acl

Solanum acaule

adg

Solanum tuberosum subsp.andigena

chc

Solanum chacoense

dem

Solanum demissum

ktz

Solanum kurtzianum

mag

Solanum maglia

phu

Solanum phureja

rap

Solanum raphanifolium

sim

Solanum simplicifolium

spg

Solanum spegazzinii

stn

Solanum stenotomum

tor

Solanum toralapanum

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Literature Cited

  1. Akeley, R.V., F.J. Stevenson, and E.S. Schultz. 1948. Kennebec: a new potato cultivar resistant to late blight, mild mosaic, and net necrosis. Am Potato J 25: 351–361.Google Scholar
  2. Chase, R.W. 1984. North American potato cultivar inventory. Potato Association of America, Orono, Maine.Google Scholar
  3. Clark, CF. and P.M. Lombard. 1951. Description of and key to American potato cultivars. United States Dept. of Agric. Circ. No. 741.Google Scholar
  4. Darling, H.M. 1959. North American Potato Cultivars. In: Potato Handbook. Potato Association of America, Orono, Maine.Google Scholar
  5. Folsom, D. 1945. Potato cultivars: the newly named, the commercial, and some that are useful in breeding. Am Potato J 22: 229–242.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Glendinning, D.R. 1983. Potato introductions and breeding up to the early 20th century. New Phytol 94: 479–505.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Glendinning, D.R. 1997. Estimation of inbreeding in potato pedigrees. Potato Res 40: 277–284.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Hawkes, J.G. 1979. Genetic poverty of the potato in Europe. Proc. Conf. Broadening Genet. Base Crops, Wageningen, 1978. Pudoc, Wageningen.Google Scholar
  9. Horsfall, J.R. 1972. Genetic vulnerability of major crops. Nat Acad Sci Washington, DC, p. 190–203.Google Scholar
  10. Hougas, R.W. and R.W. Ross. 1956. The use of foreign introductions in breeding American potato cultivars. Am Potato J 33: 328–339.Google Scholar
  11. Inglis, DA, D.A. Johnson, D.E. Legard, W.E. Fry, and P.B. Hamm. 1996. Relative resistance of potato clones in response to new and old populations ofPhytophthora infestons. Plant Dis 80: 575–578.Google Scholar
  12. Lansari, A., D.E. Kester, and A.F. Iezzone. 1994. Inbreeding, coancestry, and founding clones of almonds of California, Mediterranean Shores, and Russia. J Amer Soc Hort Sci 119: 1279–1285.Google Scholar
  13. Mendoza, H.A. and F.L. Haynes. 1974. Genetic relationships among potato cultivars grown in the United States. HortScience 9: 328–330.Google Scholar
  14. National Potato Council. 1997. Potato Statistical Yearbook. Englewood, Colorado.Google Scholar
  15. Plaisted, R.L. and R.W. Hoopes. 1989. The past record and future prospects for the use of exotic potato germplasm. Am Potato J 66: 603–627.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Rathlef, H.V. 1932. Die Stammtafeln de weltsortiments der Kartoffel und ihre generativ fruchtbaren Sorten. Arbeiten aus den Land-wirtschaftlichen Instituten der Universitat Halle, Vol. 33: 296–431. Paul Parey, Berlin.Google Scholar
  17. Reeves, A.F., R.E. Webb, D.C. Merriam, H.J. Murphy, F.E. Manzer, and P.H. True. 1980. Delta Gold: a new potato cultivar with yellow flesh, high solids, and high quality for baking and processing. Am Potato J 57: 429–433.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Salaman, R.N. 1926. Potato cultivars. Cambridge University Press, London, p. 11.Google Scholar
  19. Stevenson, F.J. and C.F. Clark. 1937. Breeding and genetics in potato improvement. In: 1937 Yearbook of Agriculture. United States Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.Google Scholar
  20. Stuart, W. 1915. Group classification and varietal descriptions of some American potatoes. United States Dept. Agric. Bull. No. 176.Google Scholar
  21. Stuart, W. 1929. An historical resume of the development of the potato since its discovery. Potato Assoc of Amer Annual Rept.Google Scholar
  22. Swiezynski, K.M., K.G. Haynes, R.C.B. Hutten, M.T. Sieczka, P. Watts, and E. Zimnock-Guzowska. 1997. Pedigree of European and North American potato cultivars. Plant Breeding and Seed Sci 41(Suppl.): 1–149.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Aberdeen R & E CenterAberdeen

Personalised recommendations