Advertisement

American Potato Journal

, Volume 69, Issue 7, pp 413–421 | Cite as

Optimal allocation of limited water supplies for Russet Burbank potatoes

  • J. C. Stark
  • I. R. McCann
Article

Abstract

Water shortages in many potato-producing regions have increased the demand for information on irrigating potatoes with limited water supplies. Field studies were conducted at Aberdeen, Idaho in 1988 and 1989 to determine the optimal allocation of limited water supplies for Russet Burbank potatoes. Irrigation amounts equal to 60 or 80% of estimated seasonal evapotranspiration (ET) were applied using various patterns of water allocation. Irrigation deficits were either partitioned evenly over the entire tuber bulking period, or were imposed during two of three designated growth stages (early, mid or late bulking) corresponding to the periods from 0 to 3, 3 to 6, and 6 to 9 weeks after tuber initiation, respectively. A well-watered, 100% ET check was included for comparison. Total yield reductions were greater when irrigation deficits were imposed during the early-mid and midlate bulking sequences than when they were imposed evenly over the entire tuber bulking period or during the early-late bulking sequence. Results relating U.S. No. 1 yields to seasonal water allocation patterns were similar to those for total yield. However, U.S. No. 1 yield reductions were proportionately greater. Irrigation deficits imposed during the early-mid bulking sequence resulted in the lowest specific gravities and the highest percentages of dark ends.

Additional Key Words

Irrigation management drought water stress Solanum tuberosum L. 

Compendio

La escasez de agua en muchas de las regiones donde se produce papa ha originado que se incremente la demanda por información sobre la irrigación del cultivo en condiciones de un bajo abastecimiento de agua. En 1988 y 1989 se condujeron estudios en Aberdeen, Idaho, para determinar la distribución óptima de cantidades limitadas de agua para papas Russet Burbank. Al irrigar se aplicaron cantidades iguales al 60 u 80% de la evapotranspiración (ET) estimada para la temporada utilizando varios esquemas de distribución de agua. Los déficits de irrigación iguales a 20 o 40% de la ET estimada fueron distribuidos ya sea uniformemente durante todo el periodo de formación de tubérculos o fueron impuestos durante dos de tres etapas consideradas de crecimiento (producción temprana, media o tardía) correspondientes a periodos de 0 a 3, 3 a 6 y 6 a 9 semanas después de iniciada la tuberización, respectivamente. Con fines de comparación, se incluyó un testigo irrigado al 100% de la ET. Las reducciones en el rendimiento total fueron mayores cuando los déficits de irrigación fueron impuestos durante las secuencias de crecimiento o durante la secuencia temprano-tardía de crecimiento. Los resultados al relacionar los rendimientos en U.S. No. 1 con los esquemas de distribución fueron similares a aquellos para el rendimiento total. Sin embargo, las reducciones en el rendimiento de U.S. No. 1 fueron proporcionalmente mayores. Los déficits de irrigacion impuestos durante la secuencia temprano-media de crecimiento resultaron en las gravedades específicas más bajas y los porcentajes más altos de extremos oscuros.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Literature Cited

  1. 1.
    Curwen, D. and L.R. Massie. 1984. Potato irrigation scheduling in Wisconsin. Am Potato J 61:235–241.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    de Lis, B.R., I. Ponce and R. Tizio. 1964. Studies on the water requirement of horticultural crops. I. Influence of drought at different growth stages on the tuber’s yield. Agron J 56:377–381.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Doorenbos, J. and W.O. Pruitt. 1977. Guidelines for predicting crop water requirements. FAO Irrig. Drain. Pap. 24. FAO, Rome.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Hang, A.N. and D.E. Miller. 1986. Yield and physiological responses of potatoes to deficit, high frequency sprinkler irrigation. Agron J 78:436–440.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Larsen, D.C. 1984. Simplifying potato irrigation scheduling-the Idaho program. Am Potato J 61:215–227.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Little, T.M. and F.J. Hills. 1978. Agricultural experimentation. Wiley, New York.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Loon, C.D. van 1981. The effect of water stress on potato growth, development, and yield. Am Potato J 58:51–69.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    McDole, R.E., D.T. Westermann, G.D Kleinschmidt, G.E. Kleinkopf and J.C. Ojala. 1987. Idaho fertilizer guide-potatoes. Univ of Idaho Curr Info Ser No 261.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Miller, D.E. and M.W. Martin. 1983. Effect of daily irrigation rate and soil texture on yield and quality of Russet Burbank potatoes. Am Potato J 60:745–757.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Miller, D.E. and M.W. Martin. 1985. Effect of water stress during tuber formation on subsequent growth and internal defects in Russet Burbank potatoes. Am Potato J 62:83–89.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Miller, D.E. and M.W. Martin. 1987. Effect of declining or interrupted irrigation on yield and quality of three potato cultivars grown on a sandy soil. Am Potato J 64:109–117.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Moorby, J. and F.L. Milthorpe. 1975. Potato. p. 225–257.In: L.J. Evans (Ed.) Crop physiology. Cambridge Univ. Press, London.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Munns, R. and C.J. Pearson. 1974. Effect of water deficit on translocation of carbohydrate inSolanum tuberosum. Aust J Plant Physiol 1:529–537.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Shalhevet, J., D. Shimshi and T. Meir. 1983. Potato irrigation requirements in a hot climate using sprinkler and drip methods. Agron J 75:13–16.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Stark, J.C. and R.B. Dwelle. 1989. Antitranspirant effects on yield, quality and water use efficiency of Russet Burbank potatoes. Am Potato J 66:563–574.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Vitosh, M.L. 1984. Irrigation scheduling for potatoes in Michigan. Am Potato J 61:205–213.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Wolfe, D.W., E. Fereres and R.E. Voss. 1983. Growth and yield response of two potato cultivars to various levels of applied water. Irrig Sci 3:211–222.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Wright, J.L. and J.C. Stark. 1990. Potato. p. 859–888.In: B.A. Stewart and D.R. Nielson (Eds.). Irrigation of agricultural crops. Agronomy 30. Am Soc of Agron, Madison, WI.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Zaag, D.E. van der and W. G. Burton. 1978. Potential yield of the potato crop and its limitations. p 7–22.In: Survey papers, 7th Triennial Conf European Assoc Potato Res, Warsaw Poland. 26 June–1 July. Instytut Ziemniaka, Bonin, Poland.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. C. Stark
    • 1
  • I. R. McCann
    • 2
  1. 1.Plant Science DivisionUniversity of Idaho Research and Extension CenterAberdeen
  2. 2.Dept. of Agricultural EngineeringUniversity of Idaho Research and Extension CenterAberdeen

Personalised recommendations