Journal of Clinical Monitoring

, Volume 2, Issue 4, pp 215–222 | Cite as

Dedicated monitoring of anesthetic and respiratory gases By Raman scattering

  • Richard A. Van Wagenen
  • Dwayne R. Westenskow
  • Robert E. Benner
  • Donald E. Gregonis
  • Dennis L. Coleman
Original Article


The monitoring of respiratory and anesthetic gases in the operating room is important for patient safety. This study measured the accuracy and response time of a multiplegas monitoring instrument that uses Raman light scattering. Measurements of oxygen, carbon dioxide, nitrogen, nitrous oxide, halothane, enflurane, and isoflurane concentrations were compared with a gas mixer standard and with measurements made with an infrared anesthetic agent analyzer. Correlation coefficients were all greater than 0.999, and probable errors were less than 0.43 vol% for the gases and less than 0.03 vol% for the volatile anesthetics. Response time was 67 ms with a sample flow rate of 150 ml/min. There was some signal overlap between nitrogen and nitrous oxide and between the volatile anesthetic agents. Such overlap can be compensated for by linear matrix analysis. The Raman instrument promises a monitoring capability equivalent to the mass spectrometer and should prove attractive for the monitoring of respiratory and anesthetic gases in the operating room.

Key Words

Monitoring: anesthetic gas respiratory gas Measurement techniques: Raman light scattering Equipment: gas analyzers sensors, oxygen carbon dioxide nitrous oxide nitrogen anesthetic agent 


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Copyright information

© Springer 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • Richard A. Van Wagenen
    • 1
  • Dwayne R. Westenskow
    • 2
  • Robert E. Benner
    • 3
  • Donald E. Gregonis
    • 1
  • Dennis L. Coleman
    • 1
  1. 1.Biomaterials International, IncSalt Lake City
  2. 2.Department of AnesthesiologyUniversity of UtahSalt Lake City
  3. 3.Department of Electrical EngineeringUniversity of UtahSalt Lake City

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