Chinese Journal of Geochemistry

, Volume 22, Issue 3, pp 253–262 | Cite as

Environmental geochemistry of heavy metal contaminants in soil and stream sediment in Panzhihua mining and smelting area, Southwestern China

  • Teng Yanguo
  • Tuo Xianguo
  • Ni Shijun
  • Zhang Chengjiang
  • Xu Zhengqi


Mining and smelting activities are the main causes for the increasing pollution of heavy metals in soil, water body and stream sediment. An environmental geochemical investigation was carried out in and around the Panzhihua mining and smelting area to determine the extent of chemical contamination in soil and sediment. The main objective of this study was to investigate the environmental geochemistry of Ti, V, Cr, Mn, Cu, Pb, Zn and As in soil and sediment and to assess the degree of pollution in the study area. The data of heavy metal concentrations reveal that soils and sediments in the area have been slightly contaminated. Geochemical maps of Igeo of each heavy metal show that the contaminated sites are located in V-Timagnetite sloping and smelting, gangues dam. The pollution sources of the selected elements come mainly from dusts resultant from mining activities and other three-waste-effluents. The area needs to be monitored regularly for trace metal, especially heavy metal enrichment.

Key words

environmental geochemistry heavy metal contamination stream sediment soil mining and smelting activities Panzhihua area 


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Copyright information

© Institute of Geochemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Teng Yanguo
    • 1
  • Tuo Xianguo
    • 2
    • 3
  • Ni Shijun
    • 2
  • Zhang Chengjiang
    • 2
  • Xu Zhengqi
    • 2
  1. 1.Institute of Environmental Sciences, State Key Lab. of Water Environment SimulationBeijing Normal UniversityBeijingChina
  2. 2.Chengdu University of TechnologyChengduChina
  3. 3.China University of GeosciencesBeijingChina

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