Chinese Journal of Geochemistry

, Volume 22, Issue 3, pp 253–262 | Cite as

Environmental geochemistry of heavy metal contaminants in soil and stream sediment in Panzhihua mining and smelting area, Southwestern China

  • Teng Yanguo
  • Tuo Xianguo
  • Ni Shijun
  • Zhang Chengjiang
  • Xu Zhengqi
Article

Abstract

Mining and smelting activities are the main causes for the increasing pollution of heavy metals in soil, water body and stream sediment. An environmental geochemical investigation was carried out in and around the Panzhihua mining and smelting area to determine the extent of chemical contamination in soil and sediment. The main objective of this study was to investigate the environmental geochemistry of Ti, V, Cr, Mn, Cu, Pb, Zn and As in soil and sediment and to assess the degree of pollution in the study area. The data of heavy metal concentrations reveal that soils and sediments in the area have been slightly contaminated. Geochemical maps of Igeo of each heavy metal show that the contaminated sites are located in V-Timagnetite sloping and smelting, gangues dam. The pollution sources of the selected elements come mainly from dusts resultant from mining activities and other three-waste-effluents. The area needs to be monitored regularly for trace metal, especially heavy metal enrichment.

Key words

environmental geochemistry heavy metal contamination stream sediment soil mining and smelting activities Panzhihua area 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Allan, R., 1997, Introduction: mining and metals in the environment [J]: Journal of Geochemical Exploration, v. 58, p.95–100.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Boni, M., S. Costabile, De Vivo B. et al., 1999, Potential environmental hazard in the mining district of southern Iglesiente (SW Sardinia, Italy) [J]: Journal of Geochemical Exploration, v. 67, p.417–430.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Dinelli, E. and F. Tateo, 2001, Factors controlling heavy-metal dispersion in mining areas: the case of Vigonzano (Northern Italy), a Fe-Cu sulfide deposit associated with ophiolitic rocks [J]: Environmental Geology, v. 40, p.1138–1150.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Farago, M. E., I. Thornton, N. D. Nicola et al., 1999, Environmental impacts of a secondary lead smelter in Landskrona, Southern Sweden [J]: Environmental Geochemistry and Health, v. 21, p.67–82.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Förstner, U. and G. Müller, 1981, Concentrations of trace metals and polycyclic aromatic hycarbons in river sediments: geochemical background, man’s influence and environmental impact [J]: Geojournal, v. 5, p.417–432.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Jung, M. C. and I. Thornton, 1996, Heavy metal contamination of soils and plants in the vicinity of a lead zinc mine, Korea [J]: Applied Geochemistry, v. 11, p.53–59.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Klukanova, A. and S. Rapant, 1999, Impact of mining activities upon the environment of the Slovak Republic: two case studies [J]: Journal of Geochemical Exploration, v. 66, p.299–306.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Kralik, M., 1999, A rapid procedure for environmental sampling and evaluation of polluted sediments [J]: Applied Geochemistry, v. 14, p.807–816.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Kwolek, J. K., 1999, Aspects of geo-legal mitigation of environmental impact from mining and associated waste in the UK [J]: Journal of Geochemical Exploration, v. 66, p.327–332.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Millier, G., 1969, Index of geoaccumulation in sediments of the Rhine River [J]: Geojournal, v. 2, p.108–118.Google Scholar
  11. Müller, G., 1979, Schwermetalle in den Sedimenten des Rheins-Veränderungen seit 1971 [J]: Umsch Wiss Tech, v. 79, p.778–783.Google Scholar
  12. Ni Shijun, Zhang Chengjiang, Teng Yanguo et al., 2001, Environmental impacts of mining the giant Panzhihua V-Ti magnetite deposit, SW China: Eleventh Annual V. M. Goldschmidt Conference Abstract No. 3530. LPI contribution No. 1088, Lunar and Planetary Institute, Huouston CD-ROM.Google Scholar
  13. Presley, B. J., J. H. Trefry, and R. F. Shokes, 1980, Heavy metal inputs to Mississippi Delta sediments [J]: Water Air Soil Pollut, v. 13, p.481–494.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Ripley, E. A., D. E. Redmann, A. A. Crowder et al., 1996, Environmental effects of mining, 1st ed [M]. Delray Beach, Florida, St. Lucie Press, p.1–356.Google Scholar
  15. Robert, R. Seal II, Nora K. Foley, and Richard B. Wanty, 2002, Introduction to Geoenvironmental Models of Mineral Deposks, in Robert, R. Seal II and Nora, K. Foley, eds., Progress on geoenvironmental models for selected mineral deposit types [R]: U. S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 02-195, p.1–7.Google Scholar
  16. Rybicka, E. H., 1996, Impact of mining and metallurgical industries on the environment in Poland [J]: Applied Geochemistry, v. 11, p.3–9.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Siegel, F. R., 1995, Environmental geochemistry in development planning: an example from the Nile delta, Egypt [J]: Journal of Geochemical Exploration, v. 55, p.265–273.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Siegel, F. R., 2002, Environmental geochemistry of potentially toxic metals [M]: Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg, p.1–217.Google Scholar
  19. Singh, A. K., S. I. Hasnain, and D. K. Banerjee, 1999, Grain size and geochemical partitioning of heavy metals in sediments of the Damodar River—a tributary of the lower Ganga, India [J]: Environmental Geology, v. 39, p.90–98.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Singh, M., A. A. Ansari, G. Müller et al., 1997, Heavy metals in freshly deposited sediments of the Gomati River (a tributary of the Ganga River): effects of human activities [J]: Environmental Geology, v. 29, p.246–252.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Teng Yanguo, Ni Shijun, Zhang Chengjiang et al., 2000, Countermeasures of reducing environmental impacts from mining activity in Panzhihua iron and steel base [J]: China Mining Magazine, v. 9, p.95–98 (in Chinese with English abstract).Google Scholar
  22. Teng Yanguo, Ni Shijun, Zhang Chengjiang et al., 2001a, Countermeasures to restore environment and rehabilitate ecology in Panzhihua mining industry base: Sichuan Environment, v. 20, p.31–34. (in Chinese with English abstract).Google Scholar
  23. Teng Yanguo, Tuo Xianguo, Ni Shijun et al., 2001b, Environmental geochemistry of mining activities in Panzhihua region, Southwestern China [J]: Journal of China University of Geosciences, v. 12, p.296–300.Google Scholar
  24. Teng Yanguo, Ni Shijun, Tuo Xianguo et al., 2002a, Geochemical baseline and trace metal pollution of soil in Panzhihua mining area [J]: Chinese Journal of GEOCHEMISTRY, v. 21, p.274–281.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Teng Yanguo, Ni Shijun, Tuo Xianguo et al., 2002b, Environmental geochemistry of Xigeda soil in Panzhihua region [J]: Journal of Geological Hazards and Environment Preservation, v. 13, n.1, p.16–20 (in Chinese with English abstract).Google Scholar
  26. Thornton, I., 1993, Environmental geochemistry and health in the 1990s: a global perspectives [J]: Applied Geochemistry, Suppl. 2, p.203–210.Google Scholar
  27. Thornton, I., 1996, Impacts of mining on the environment: some local, regional and global issues [J]: Applied Geochemistry, v. 11, p.355–361.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Turekian, K. K. and K. H. Wedepohl, 1961, Distribution of the elements in some major units of the earth’ s crust [J]: Bull Geol Soc Am, v. 72, p.175–192.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Yang Jingzhong and Liu Fuzhong, 1995, The present state evaluation of wastewater pollution and its preventive and treatment method in Panzhihua Mine Company [J]: Journal of Kunming Institute of Technology, v. 20, p.63–71 (in Chinese with English abstract).Google Scholar
  30. Zhang Licheng, She Zhongsheng, and Zhang Shen, 1996, Study of chemical elements in aquatic environment [M]: Beijing: China Environment Press, p.57–59 (in Chinese with English abstract).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Institute of Geochemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Teng Yanguo
    • 1
  • Tuo Xianguo
    • 2
    • 3
  • Ni Shijun
    • 2
  • Zhang Chengjiang
    • 2
  • Xu Zhengqi
    • 2
  1. 1.Institute of Environmental Sciences, State Key Lab. of Water Environment SimulationBeijing Normal UniversityBeijingChina
  2. 2.Chengdu University of TechnologyChengduChina
  3. 3.China University of GeosciencesBeijingChina

Personalised recommendations