Relationship between pedogenetic manifestations in some arid soil and age of the landforms

  • J. S. Choudhari


Arid soils with slight variations in parent material, vegetation and climate were studied for their morphological, chemical and mineralogical characteristics. Results show that the soils are at different stages of profile development. Varying degrees of pedogenic features have been tied up with data on palaeoenvironment to develop a relationship between the soil and age of the landform. Studies reveal that Dune and Shergarh sandy soils with least degree of manifestation belong to early Holocene to latest Pleistocene, whereas Chirai sandy soil with weakly developed B horizon belongs to the upper Holocene. Soils (Khajwana and Gajsinghpura) with well-developed B horizon and a calcic layer with lime segregations belong to mid-Pleistocene whereas Pali and Pipar soils with illuvial clay in B horizon belong to early Pleistocene.


Arid soils pedogenetic manifestations landforms 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Agrawal D P, Dhir R P. Krishnamurti R V, Misra V N, Nanda S C and Rajaguru S N 1980 Multiple evidence for climatic changes in Rajasthan. InArid zone research and development (ed.) H S Mann (Jodhpur: Scientific Publisher) pp. 1–10Google Scholar
  2. Allchin B, Goudie A and Hegde K T M 1978The pre-history and pulaeogeography of (the great Indian Desert (London: Academic Press) pp. 77–113Google Scholar
  3. Allchin B, Hegde K T M and Goudie A 1972 Pre-history and environmental changes in western India. A note on Budha Puskar Basin, Rajasthan; Man74 542–564Google Scholar
  4. Arkley R J 1963 Calculation of carbonate and water movement in soil from climatic data;Soil Sci. 96 239–248CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Birkeland P W 1969 Quarternary palaeoclimatic implications of soil clay mineral distribution in a Sierra Nevada Great Basin transect;J. Geol. 77 239–302CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. CAZRI 1978 Report on basic and human resources survey of Jodhpur district, Rajasthan (Jodhpur: Central Arid Zone Research Institute)Google Scholar
  7. Ghose B, Singh S and Kar A 1977 Geomorphology of the Rajasthan desert. In:Desertification and its control (New Delhi: ICAR) pp. 69–76Google Scholar
  8. Gile L H, Peterson F F and Grossman R B 1966 Morphological and genetic sequences of carbonate accumulation in desert soils;Soil Sci. 101 347–360CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Goudie A, Allchin B and Hegde K T M 1973 The former extension of the Great Indian Sand Desert;Geog. J. 139 243–257CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Jackson M L 1979Soil chemical analysis: advance course (Madison: University of Wisconsin)Google Scholar
  11. Nettleton W D, Witty J E, Nelson R E and Hawley J W 1975 Genesis of argillic horizons in soils of desert areas of the southwestern United States;Soil Sci. Soc. Am. Proc. 39 105–133CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Olson J S 1958 Rates of succession and soil changes on southern Lake Michigan sand dunes;Bot. Gaze. 119 125–170CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Piper C S 1947Soil and plant analysis (Adelaide: University of Adelaide)Google Scholar
  14. Ritche A, Wilding L P, Hall G F and Stahnke C R 1974 Genetic implications of B horizons in aqualfs of north-eastern Ohio;Soil Sci. Soc. Am. Proc. 38 351–358CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Ruhe R V 1956 Geomorphic surfaces and the nature of soils;Soil Sci. 82 441–450CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Singh G 1971 The Indus valley culture seen in the context of post-glacial climatic and ecological studies in the north west India;Archaeol. Phys. Anthropol. Oceanic 6 177–189Google Scholar
  17. Singh S and Ghose B 1977 Geomorphology of the Luni Basin and its palaeoclimatic inferences; InEcology and archaeology of western India (eds) D P Agrawal and B M Pande (New Delhi: Concept Publishing Co.) pp. 135–146Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Indian Academy of Sciences 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. S. Choudhari
    • 1
  1. 1.Central Arid Zone Research InstituteJodhpurIndia

Personalised recommendations