Resonance

, Volume 8, Issue 10, pp 20–30 | Cite as

The Blue Baby Syndrome

Nitrate poisoning in humans
General Article

Abstract

Blue Baby Syndrome or Methemoglobinemia is caused by decreased ability of blood to carry oxygen, resulting in oxygen deficiency in different body parts. Infants are more susceptible than adults. The disease can be caused by intake of water and vegetables high in nitrate, exposure to chemicals containing nitrate, or can even be hereditary. Groundwater gets contaminated by leaching of nitrate generated from fertilizer used in agricultural lands and waste dumps in rural and urban areas. Prevention of water contamination, abstention from drinking contaminated water and controlling nitrate levels in drinking water by water treatment are effective preventive measures against nitrate poisoning.

Keywords

Cyanosis hemoglobin infants methemoglobinemia nitrate 

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Suggested Reading

  1. [1]
    T M Addiscott, A P Whitmore and D S Powlson,Farming, Fertilizers and the Nitrate Problem, CAB International Wallingford, Oxon., 1991.Google Scholar
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    O C Bocktnan and T Granli, Human health aspects of nitrate intake from food and water In Chemistry,Agriculture and the Environment (ed M L Richardson), The Royal Society of Chemistry, Cambridge, p. 373, 1991.Google Scholar
  3. [3]
    D D Weisenberger, Potential health consequences of groundwater contamination by nitrates in Nebraska. InNitrate Contamination: Exposure, consequence and control, eds I Bogardi and RD Kuzella, NATO ASI Ser. G: Ecological Sciences 30, Springer Verlag, Berlin, pp. 309–315, 1991.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Indian Academy of Sciences 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Environmental ScienceInstitute of Science and Technology for Advanced Studies and Research (ISTAR)Vallabh Vidyanagar GujaratIndia

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