, Volume 5, Issue 12, pp 48–63 | Cite as

Ludwig Prandtl and boundary layers in fluid flow

How a small viscosity can cause large effects
  • Jaywant H. Arakeri
  • P. N. Shankar
General Article


In 1904, Prandtl proposed the concept of boundary layers that revolutionised the study of fluid mechanics. In this article we present the basic ideas of boundary layers and boundary-layer separation, a phenomenon that distinguishes streamlined from bluff bodies.


Boundary Layer Wall Shear Stress Fluid Particle Bluff Body Outer Solution 
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Suggested Reading

  1. [1]
    S Goldstein (ed),Modern Development in Fluid Dynamics, Vol.1, Dover Publ., 1965.Google Scholar
  2. [2]
    D J Tritton,Physical Fluid Dynamics, Van Nostrand, 1977Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Indian Academy of Sciences 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jaywant H. Arakeri
    • 1
  • P. N. Shankar
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Mechanical EngineeringIndian Institute of ScienceBangaloreIndia
  2. 2.CTFD DivisionNALBangaloreIndia

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