, Volume 3, Issue 11, pp 30–39 | Cite as

Gender in plants

2. More about why and how plants change sex
  • Renee M. Borges
General Article


What is the difference between plant sex and plant gender? Why does stress sometimes cause maleness and other times result in femaleness? Do plant hedge mating bets using sex change? This article addresses these and other evolutionary questions about plant gender.


Female Flower Male Flower Flowering Season Female Function Focal Plant 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Suggested Reading

  1. [1]
    Robert W Cruden. Temporal dioecism: systematic breadth associated traits and temporal patterns.Botanical Gazetteer. 149.1–15,1988.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. [2]
    David G Lloyd and Kamaljit S Bawa. Modifications of the gender of seed plants in varying conditions.Evolutionary Biology. 17. 255–338, 1984.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Indian Academy of Sciences 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • Renee M. Borges
    • 1
  1. 1.Centre for Ecological SciencesIndian Institute of ScienceBangaloreIndia

Personalised recommendations