, Volume 9, Issue 4, pp 30–41 | Cite as

Essential oils and fragrances from natural sources

  • Padma S. Vankar
General Article


The study of a perfume includes extraction of scented ingredients from botanicals, behavior of chemical components, and careful blending of scents to achieve the desired composition. Essential oils may be found in roots, flowers, leaves, fruit, seeds or bark of the plant. Growing and harvesting conditions are optimized for the production of the best fragrances.


Essential oils fragrances essences perfumes 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Suggested Reading

  1. [1]
    Ch Franz, Á Máthé, G Buchbauer (editors), Essential Oils: Basic and Applied Research,Proceedings of the 27th International Symposium on Essential Oils, September 8–11, 1996, Vienna, Austria, Allured Publishing Corporation, 362 South Schmale Rd., Carol Stream, IL 60188-2787, USA, 1997.Google Scholar
  2. [2]
    R S Thakur, H S Puri and Akhtar Husain,Major Medicinal Plants of India, Central Institute of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants, P.O. Bag No. 1, RSM Nagar, Lucknow 226016, India, 1989.Google Scholar
  3. [3]
    Kurt Bauer, Dorothea Garbe and Horst Surburg,Common Fragrances and Flavor Materials, VCH Verlagsgesellschaft mbH, D-6940 Weinheim (Federal Republic of Germany), 1990.Google Scholar
  4. [4]
    Guenther Ohloff,Scent and Fragrances, Springer-Verlag, Berlin Heidelberg, 1990.Google Scholar
  5. [5]
    Roman Kaiser, The Scent of Orchids,Olfactory and chemical investigations, Elsevier, Amsterdam. (Editions Roche, Basel), 1993.Google Scholar
  6. [6]
    B M Lawrence,Essential Oils 1976–1994, Allured Publishing Corporation, 362 South Schmale Rd., Carol Stream, IL 60188-2787, USA.Google Scholar
  7. [7]
    E S Maurer,Perfumes and their production, United Trade Press Ltd, London, 1958.Google Scholar
  8. [8]
    Harvey Wickes Felter and John Uri Lloyd,Kings American Dispensatory, 1898 (Information from website).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Indian Academy of Sciences 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Facility for Ecological and Analytical Testing(FEAT)Indian Institute of TechnologyKanpurIndia

Personalised recommendations