Cryopreservation and long-term storage of pear germplasm

  • Barbara M. Reed
  • Jeanine Denoma
  • Jie Luo
  • Yongjian Chang
  • Leigh Towill
Physiology

Summary

Germplasm collections of vegetatively propagated crops are usually maintained as plants in fields or potted in greenhouses or screened enclosures. Safety duplication of these collections, as duplicate plants or separate collections, is costly and requires large amounts of space. Cryopreservation techniques which were recently developed for long-term storage of pear germalasm may offer an efficient alternative to conventional germplasm collection maintenance. Pear (Pyrus L.) germplasm may now be stored as seeds (species), dormant buds or pollen from field-grown trees, or shoot tips fromin vitro-grown plants (cultivars). Pear germplasm may now be cryopreserved and stored for long periods (> 100 yr) utilizing slow-freezing or vitrification ofin vitro-grown shoot-tips. Dormant bud freezing, pollen, and seed cryopreservation of other lines are being developed to complete the base collection forPyrus. This cryopreserved collection provides base (long-term) storage for the field-grown pear germplasm collection at the National Clonal Germplasm Repository, Corvallis, Oregon.

Key words

cryopreservation genebank liquid nitrogen storage Pyrus slow freezing vitrification 

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Copyright information

© Society for In Vitro Biology 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • Barbara M. Reed
    • 1
  • Jeanine Denoma
    • 2
  • Jie Luo
    • 2
  • Yongjian Chang
    • 2
  • Leigh Towill
    • 3
  1. 1.USDA-ARS National Clonal Germplasm RepositoryCorvallis
  2. 2.Department of HorticultureOregon State UniversityOregonCorvallis
  3. 3.USDA-ARS National Seed Storage LaboratoryFort Collins

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