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Folia Microbiologica

, Volume 43, Issue 4, pp 431–437 | Cite as

Biocontrol of fungal root rot diseases of crop plants by the use of rhizobia and bradyrhizobia

  • S. A. Omar
  • M. H. Abd-Alla
Papers

Abstract

Twenty-oneRhizobium andBradyrhizobium strains were testedin vitro against the mycelial growth of three pathogenic fungi on solid and liquid media. All tested rhizobia and bradyrhizobia significantly suppressed the growth of the three soil-borne root-infecting fungi (Fusarium solani, Macrophominia phasolina andRhizoctonia solani) either in the absence or presence of iron. This indicates that the siderophore played a minor role in the biocontrol potential ofRhizobium andBradyrhizobium against pathogenic fungi. Pot experiments revealed that the numbers of propagules causing disease after 4 weeks of planting varied with species and host plant. The three most activeRhizobium andBradyrhizobium strains (R. leguminosarum bv.phaseoli TAL 182,B. japonicum TAL 377 andBradyrhizobium sp. (lupin) WPBS 3211 D) tested under greenhouse conditions for their ability to protect one leguminous (soybean) and two non-leguminous (sunflower and okra) seedlings from root rot caused byFusarium solani, Macrophominia phaseolina andRhizoctonia solani provided significant suppression of disease severity compared with nonbacterized control in both leguminous and non-leguminous seedlings.Bradyrhizobium sp. (lupin) WPBS 3211 D provided the lowest degree of resistance against all the tested pathogens with all host plants. *** DIRECT SUPPORT *** A00EN058 00013

Keywords

Biological Control Pathogenic Fungus Inoculum Density Rose Bengal Hydrogen Cyanide 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Institute of Microbiology, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. A. Omar
    • 1
  • M. H. Abd-Alla
    • 1
  1. 1.Botany Department, Faculty of SciencesAssiut UniversityAssiutEgypt

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