Folia Microbiologica

, Volume 47, Issue 1, pp 3–27

Psychoactive tryptamines from basidiomycetes

Review

Abstract

The review lists natural sources,i.e. strains and species of fungi producing predominantly psychoactive tryptamines (indolealkylamines), their chemical structure and properties, toxic effects on the man and psychic symptoms of intoxication. It describes the biosynthesis and production of some tryptamines by the mycelial culture ofPsilocybe bohemicaŠebek, a survey of methods for their analysis and isolation. It evaluates the worldwide use and abuse of psychoactive fungi as sources of drugs in general and in the Czechia in particular during the last two and a half decades.

Abbreviations

BAC

baeocystin

BUF

bufotenine

DET

N9,N9-diethyltryptamine

DMT

N9,N9-dimethyltrypamine

ECD

electron capture detector (GC)

ED

electrochemical detector (HPLC)

HTA

4-hydroxytryptamine

4HTR

4-hydroxytryptophan

5HTR

5-hydroxytryptophan

LSD

(+)-N,N-diethyllysergamide

MST

N-methylserotonin

MTA

N9-methyltryptamine

NBC

norbaeocystin

PDA

photo-diode array (detector)

PSB

psilocybin

PSC

psilocin

SRT

serotonin

TPA

tryptamine

TRP

tryptophan

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© Institute of Microbiology, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of MicrobiologyAcademy of Sciences of the Czech RepublicPragueCzechia
  2. 2.Watrex PrahaPragueCzechia

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