ERA Forum

, Volume 3, Issue 1, pp 2–13 | Cite as

Restorative justice: International approaches

  • Willie McCarney


Criminal Justice Criminal Justice System Crime Prevention Restorative Justice Young Offender 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Shapland, J. (1992) ‘Reparative Justice: Complextity and Apple Pie’, Paper presented to the 3rd European Colloquim on Crime and Public Policy in Europe, Noordwijkerhout, The Netherlands, p. 2; Dignan, J. and Cavadino, M. (1996) ‘Towards a Framework for Conceptualising and Evaluating Models of Criminal Justice from a Victim’s Perspective’, International Review ofVictimology, 4, pp. 153–82.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    McElrea, F.W.M. (1994) ‘The New Zealand Youth Court: A Model for Development in Other Courts?’ Journal of Judicial Administration, Vol. 4 No. I, August 1994, 34.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Dignan, J. (1999) ‘The Crime and Disorder Act and the Prospects for Restorative Justice’ Criminal Law Review, p.48.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Luna, E. (2000) ‘Reasons and Emotion in Restorative Justice’ New Zealand Centre for Conflict Resolution, Wellington.Google Scholar
  5. 6.
    Young, W. and Morris, A. (1998) ‘Reforming Criminal Justice: Reflecting on the present and imagining the future’, Inaugural lecture presented at the International Youth Conference, New Zealand, October 1998 p. 10.Google Scholar
  6. 7.
    Young and Morris (1998) op. cit.Google Scholar
  7. 8.
    Dignan and Cavadino (1996) p. 169.Google Scholar
  8. 9.
    McElrea, F.WM. (1996) ‘The New Zealand Youth Court: A Model for Development in Other Courts?’, paper for the National Conference of District Court Judes, 6–9th of April 1994; The New Zealand Youth Court A Model for Use with Adults?’, in B. Galaway and J. Hudson (eds.) Restorative Justice: International Perspectives, Monsey, New York Criminal Justice Press.Google Scholar
  9. 10.
    Wundersitz, J. (1996) ‘The South Australian Juvenile Justice System: A Review of ist Operation’, South Australian Juvenile Justice Advisory Committee, South Australia Attorney-General’s Department, Adelaide.Google Scholar
  10. 11.
    Markiewicz, A. (1997) ‘Juvenile Justice Group Conferencing in Victoria: An Evaluation of a Pilot Programme, Children, Young People and Families Research Unit, University of Melbourne, Melbourne.Google Scholar
  11. 12.
    Hayes H. and Prenzler, T. with Wortley, R. (1998) ‘Making Amends: Final Evaluation of the Queensland Community Conferencing Pilot Centre for Crime Policy and Public Safety, School of Justice Administration, Griffith University, Brisbane.Google Scholar
  12. 13.
    McDonald J., Moore, D.B., O’Connel T. and Thorsborne, M. (1995) ‘Real justice Training Manual: Co-ordinating Family Group Conferences, Piperswille; PA; Piper’s Press; McGold, R (1998) ‘Police-faciliated Restorative Conferencing: What the Data Show’, Paper presented to the Second Annual Conference on Restorative justice for Juveniles, Fort Lauderdale, Florida, November 1998.Google Scholar
  13. 14.
    McGold (1998).Google Scholar
  14. 15.
    Sherman, L.W., Strang, H., Barnes, G., Braithwaite, H., and Inkpen, N. (1998) ‘Experiments in restorative policing: a progress report to the National Policy Research Unit on the Canberra Reintegrative Schaming Experiments (RISE), Australian Federal Police and Australian National University, Canberra.Google Scholar
  15. 16.
    Five separate police departments, the best-known of which is Bethlehem, Pennsylvania; McGold, P and Wachtel, B (1998) ‘Restorative Policing Experiment:The Bethlehem Pennsylvania police Family Group Conferencing Project, Community Service Foundation, Piperswille; McGold (1998).Google Scholar
  16. 20.
    Huculak, B. (2001) Oral presentation to the Restorative and Community Justice: Inspiring the Future International Conference, Winchester England, March 2001.Google Scholar
  17. 21.
    Marshall T.F. (1999) ‘Restorative Justice: An Overwiew’, London:HMSO, p. 15.Google Scholar
  18. 22.
    Dooley, M.J. (1995) ‘Reparative Probation Programme’, WaterburyVermont:Vermont Department of Corrections; Dooley, M.J. (1996) ‘Restoring Hope through Community Partnerships: the Real deal in Crime Control’, Monograph, American Probation and Parole Association: Bazemore, G. and Umbreit M. (1998) ‘Conferences, Circles, Boards and Mediations: Restorative Justice and Citizen Involvement in the Resoponse to Youth Crime’, published by the University of Minnesota and Florida Atlantic University, p. 3.Google Scholar
  19. 23.
    At para. 9.21.Google Scholar
  20. 24.
    Clause 3(1)c.Google Scholar
  21. 25.
    Paragraph 9.33.Google Scholar
  22. 26.
  23. 28.
  24. 29.
    Zehn H. (1985) ‘Retributive Justice: Restorative Justice’, Elkhart, Ind.: Mennonite Central Committee US, Office of Criminal Justice; Zehr, H. (1990) ‘Changing Lenses: A New Focus for Criminal Justice’ Scottdale, PA: Herald Press.Google Scholar
  25. 30.
    Umbreit M. (1998) ‘Restorative Justice through Victim-Offender Mediation: A Multisite Assessment’, Western Criminology Review 1(1) p. 9 [available online:]. Google Scholar
  26. 31.
    Young, P. (1997) ‘Crime and Criminal Justice in Scotland’, Edinburgh: The Stationary Office, p. 66.Google Scholar
  27. 32.
    Audit Commission, (1996) ‘Misspent Youth: Young People and Crime’, Abingdon, Oxon: Audit Commission, p. 47.Google Scholar
  28. 33.
    Audit Commission (1996) p.47.Google Scholar
  29. 34.
    Cario, R. (1998) quoted in Dignan.J. (2000) ‘Restorative Justice Options for Northern Ireland: A Comperative Review’, HMSO, St Clements House, 2–16 Colgate, Norwich NR3 IBQ, England.Google Scholar
  30. 35.
    Cario (1998).Google Scholar
  31. 36.
    Jervis, B. (1996) ‘Developing Reparation Plans through Victim-Offender Mediation by New Zealand Probation Officers’ in B. Galaway and J. Hudson, eds., ‘Restorative Justice: International Prespectives, Monsey, New York: Criminal Justice Press, p. 417.Google Scholar
  32. 37.
    Dignan(l999)p.53.Google Scholar
  33. 39.
    Maxwell, G, (1998b) ‘Crossing Cultural Boundaries:The Experience of Family Group Conferences’, paper presented to conference session on ‘Implementing restorative justice in the international context’, Florida, November 1998, p. 2.Google Scholar
  34. 40.
    Marshall (1999) p. 18.Google Scholar
  35. 41.
    Umbreit, M. and Coates, R. (1993) ‘Cross-site Analysis of Victim-Offender Mediation in Four States’, Crime and Delinquency, 394/4 pp. 565–85.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 42.
    Marshall, T.F. and Merry, S. (1990) ‘Crime and Accountability: Victim-Offender Mediation in Practice’, London: HMSO: Cario (1998).Google Scholar
  37. 43.
    Goodes T. (1995) ‘Victims and Family Conferences: Juvenile Justice in South Australia’, Adelaide: Family Conferencing Team.Google Scholar
  38. 45.
    Sherman, L.W. and Strang, H. (1997) ‘The Right Kind of Shame for Crime Prevention’, Paper I, RISE Working Paper Law Programm, RSSS, ANU, Canberra.Google Scholar
  39. 46.
    Wundersitz (1996) p. 198; see also Hayes and Prenzlerwith Wortley (1998) p. 10.Google Scholar
  40. 47.
    Nugent, W. and Paddock, J. (1995) ‘The Effect of Victim-Offender Mediation on Severity of Re-Offence’, Mediation Quarterly, 12/4, pp. 353–67; Hayes and Prenzler with Wortley (1998) p. 10.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. 48.
    Maxwell, G. (1998c) ‘Researching Offending’, paper presented at the Internationl Youth Justice Conference on Youth Justice in Focus, Wellington, New Zealand, October 1998, p.7.Google Scholar
  42. 49.
    Carruthers, D. (2001) ‘Restorative Justice: Justice of the Future: A View From The Bench’, keynote address by His Honour Judge David Carruthers, Chief District Court Judge, New Zealand, to the International Conference Restorative and Community Justice: Inspiring the Future. Winschester, England, March 2001.Google Scholar
  43. 50.
    Carruthers, D. (2000) Contribution to E-Corridor discussion on Restorative Justice. November 27, 2000.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • Willie McCarney
    • 1
  1. 1.Belfast Youth CourtNew Zealand

Personalised recommendations