Folia Microbiologica

, Volume 43, Issue 6, pp 563–582 | Cite as

Colicins—Exocellular lethal proteins ofEscherichia coli

  • J. Šmarda
  • D. Šmajs
Review

Abstract

Colicins are toxic exoproteins produced by bacteria of colicinogenic strains ofEscherichia coli and some related species ofEnterobacteriaceae, during the growth of their cultures. They inhibit sensitive bacteria of the same family. About 35%E. coli strains appearing in human intestinal tract are colicinogenic. Synthesis of colicins is coded by genes located on Col plasmids. Until now more than 34 types of colicins have been described, 21 of them in greater detail,viz. colicins A, B, D, E1–E9, Ia, Ib, JS, K, M, N, U, 5, 10. In general, their interaction with sensitive bacteria includes three steps: (1) binding of the colicin molecule to a specific receptor in the bacterial outer membrane; (2) its translocation through the cell envelope; and (3) its lethal interaction with the specific molecular target in the cell. The classification of colicins is based on differences in the molecular events of these three steps.

Keywords

Outer Membrane Cell Envelope Immunity Protein Sensitive Bacterium Translocation Domain 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Institute of Microbiology, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. Šmarda
    • 1
  • D. Šmajs
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Biology, Faculty of MedicineMasaryk UniversityBrnoCzech Republic

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