Folia Microbiologica

, Volume 39, Issue 1, pp 23–28 | Cite as

Growth and enzyme activities of fungi and bacteria in soil salinized with sodium chloride

  • S. A. Omar
  • M. A. Abdel-Sater
  • A. M. Khallil
  • M. H. Abd-Alla
Papers

Abstract

In soil salinized with different concentrations of sodium chloride, the total counts of soil fungi were significantly decreased during 11 weeks of incubation. Similarly, the total count of bacteria and actinomycetes were severely depressed by increasing salinity level above 5%. Invertase and urease activities were severely decreased as NaCl concentration increase during the incubation. Also, the effect on nitrate reductase was inhibitory with most treatments.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Abd-Alla M.H.: Nodulation and nitrogen fixation in faba bean (Vicia faba) plants under salt stress.Symbiosis12, 311–319 (1992).Google Scholar
  2. Abd-Alla M.H., Omar S.A., Abdel-Wahab A.M.: The role of cellulose-decomposing fungi in nitrogenase activity ofAzotobacter chroococcum.Folia Microbiol.37, 213–218 (1992).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Abdelmagid H.M., Tabatabai M.A.: Nitrate reductase activity of soils.Soil Biol. Biochem.19, 421–427 (1987).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Abdel-Hafez S.I.I., Bagy M.M.K.: Effect of donkey dung on Egyptian osmophilic and cellulose decomposing soil fungi.Bull. Fac. Sci. Assiut, University (Assiut)13, 59–70 (1984).Google Scholar
  5. Allen O.N.:Experiments in Soil Bacteriology. Burgess Publ. Co., Minneapolis 1959.Google Scholar
  6. Bagy M.M.K., Abdel-Hafez S.I.I.: Effect of sodium chloride on Egyptian soil fungi.Bull. Fac. Sci., Assiut University (Assiut)13, 47–58 (1984).Google Scholar
  7. Blum U., Shafer S.R.: Microbial populations and phenolic acid in soil.Soil Biol. Biochem.20, 793–800 (1988).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Broadbent F.E., Nakashima T.: Effect of added salts on nitrogen mineralization in three California soils.Soil Sci. Soc. Am. Proc.35, 457–460 (1971).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. El-Abyad M.S., Ismail I.K., Rizk M.A.: Ecological studies of the microflora of saline Egyptian soils, pp. 582–597 inArid Land of Plant Resources. Proc. Internat. Arid Land Conf. Plant Resources, Cairo (Egypt) 1979.Google Scholar
  10. El-Nakeeb M.A., Lechevalier H.A.: Selective isolation of aerobic actinomycetes.Appl. Microbiol.11, 75–77 (1963).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. Endo T., Kusaka T., Tan N., Sakai M.: Effects of the insecticide cartap hydrochloride on soil enzymes activities, respiration and nitrification.J. Pestic. Sci.7, 101–110 (1982).Google Scholar
  12. Filter A.H., Hay R.K.:Environmental Physiology of Plants. Academic Press, London 1987.Google Scholar
  13. Galstyan A.S.: Enzyme activity in saline soils.Dokl. Akad. Nauk Armyan. SSR30, 61–64 (1960).Google Scholar
  14. Golden D.C., Sivasubramaniam S., Wijedasa M.A.: Inhibitory effects of commercial, potassium chloride on the nitrification rates of added ammonium sulphate in an acid red yellow podzolic soil.Plant & Soil59, 147–151 (1981).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Halsall D.M., Gibson A.H.: Nitrogenase activity of a range of diazotrophs on straw, breakdown products and related compounds.Soil Biol. Biochem.21, 291–298 (1989).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Heilman P.: Effect of added salts on nitrogen release and nitrate levels in forest soils of the Washington coastal area.Soil Sci. Soc. Am. Proc.39, 778–782 (1975).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Johnson L.F., Curl E.A.:Methods for Research on Ecology of Soil Borne Pathogens, pp. 247. Burgess Publ. Co., Minneapolis 1972.Google Scholar
  18. Kiss S., Dragan-Bularda M., Radulescu D.: Biological significance of enzymes accumulated in soil.Adv. Agron.27, 25–87 (1975).Google Scholar
  19. Lahdesmaki P., Puspanen R.: Degradation products and the hydrolytic enzyme activities in the soil humification prossesSoil Biol. Biochem.20, 287–292 (1988).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Malik K.A.: Biological methods of reclamation of salt affected soils, pp. 105–109 inTechnology for Increasing Food. production. Proc. 2nd FAO/SIDA Seminar Field Food Crops in Africa and Near East, Lahore (Pakistan) 1977 (J.C. Holmes, Ed.). FAO, Rome 1978.Google Scholar
  21. Malik K.A., Bhatti N.A., Kauser F.O.: Effect of soil salinity on decomposition and humification of organic matter by some cellulolytic fungi.Mycologia71, 811–820 (1979).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Malik K.A., Kauser F., Azam F.: Effect of sodium chloride on the cellulolytic ability of some aspergilli.Mycologia72, 322–328 (1980).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Mazen M.B., Bagy M.M.K.: Effect of temperature and moisture content on fungi in soil amended with organic matter and nitrogen source.Bull. Fac. Sci., Assiut University (Assiut)12, 35–42 (1983).Google Scholar
  24. Moubasher A.H., El-Dohlob S.M.: Studies on Egyptian soil fungi. I. Succession of fungi in soil amended with five organic substrates.Egypt. J. Bot.15, 175–184 (1972).Google Scholar
  25. Moubasher A.H., Mazen M.B.: Competitive colonization of buried cellulose film by soil fungi in Egypt.,Bull. Fac. Sci., Assiut University (Assiut)19, 165–172 (1990).Google Scholar
  26. Nelson N.: A photometric adaptation of Somogyi method for the determination of glucose.J. Biol. Chem.135, 375–380 (1944).Google Scholar
  27. Pattaswamygowda B.S., Pratt P.F.: Effect of straw, CaCl2 and submergence on a sodic soil.Soil Sci. Soc. Am. Proc.37, 208–211 (1973).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Pancholy S.K., Rice E.L.: Soil enzymes in relation to old field succession; amylase, cellulase, invertase, dehydrogenase and urease.Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J.37, 47–50 (1973).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Sahrawat K.L.: Urease activity in tropical rice soils, and flood water..Soil Biol. Biochem.12, 195–196 (1980).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Smith N.R., Dawson V.T.: The bacteriostatic action of rose bengal in media used for the plate count of soil fungi.Soil Sci.58, 467–471 (1944).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Sommers L.E., Wildung R.E., Gilmour C.M.: The effect of water potential on decomposition processes in soil.Agron. Abstr. 146 (1978).Google Scholar
  32. Stevenson F.J.:Humus Chemistry, Genesis, Composition, Reactions. Wiley, New York 1982.Google Scholar
  33. Tresner H.D., Hayes J.A.: Sodium chloride tolerance of terrestrial fungi.Appl. Microbiol.22, 210–213 (1971).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  34. Wasileski J.M., Unluturk A., Harris R.F.: Osmotic water potential relations ofEscherichia coli andArthrobacter crystallopoietes. Agron. Abstr. 147 (1978).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Folia Microbiologica 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. A. Omar
    • 1
  • M. A. Abdel-Sater
    • 1
  • A. M. Khallil
    • 1
  • M. H. Abd-Alla
    • 1
  1. 1.Botany Department, Faculty of ScienceAssiut UniversityAssiutEgypt

Personalised recommendations