Bestrijding van nederlandsche insecten met derris

  • L. P. de Bussy
  • P. A. van der Laan
  • A. Diakonoff


  1. 1.

    In the introduction the origin and character of the insecticid, called Derris, is described; instructions are given for the preparation and the use of

  1. a.

    Derris dust (a mixture of Derrispowder and talc, clay, etc.);

  2. b.

    Derrispowder suspended in water as a spray;

  3. c.

    Pure rotenone suspended in water by means of acetone, also as a spray.

  1. 2.

    A survey is given of the possibilities of controlling a great number of injurious insects in Holland by Derris dusts and sprays. Although the control practice by means of Derris has been applied already to the caraway moth (Depressaria nervosa Hw.), the raspberry beetle (Byturus tomentosus F.), the alder leaf beetle (Agelastica alni L.), the cattle grubs (Hypoderma spec.), to various kinds of vermin (fleas (Pulicidae) and lice (Mallophaga), living on domesticanimals, and to a few other insects, the writers should like to point out that by means of the above-mentioned methods a much larger amount of insects might be successfully combatted.

  2. 3.

    In general there come into consideration for controlling with Derris: a great deal of caterpillars of both butterflies and moths (Lepidoptera); the larvae of saw-flies (Tenthredinidae); ants (Formicidae); leaf beetles (Chrysomelidae); leaf bugs (Anthocoridae); aphids; thripses (Thysanoptera); cockroaches (Blattidae) and among theCrustaceae: the water- fleas (Daphnia sp.).

    Not to be controlled by Derris are: some caterpillars (for instanceArctia caja L.); beetles living in foods and drugs (Dermestes lardarius L.,Necrobia rufipes Dg.,Calandra granaria L., etc.); many flies and midges (Diptera), except the cattle grub; mealy bugs (Coccidae).

  3. 4.

    As concerns the way of applications, in the majority of casesdusting with a Derris dust containing 0,75 to 1% rotenone is to be preferred, e.g. if applied in controlling caterpillars, saw-flies, leaf beetles, leaf bugs, cockroaches, ants, etc.

  4. 5.

    If, in dealing with the above-mentioned animals, the process of dusting meets with difficulties,spraying with Derrispowder or Derrisextract mixed with water may be applied with success. Thus, aphids and spinning mites (Tetranychidae) often will appear to be moderately susceptible to dusting with Derris; in these cases, an application of a Derris spray, containing an amount of rotenone 1\3n5000, is advisable.



  1. 1).
    W. Spoon enP. A. van der Laan: De beteekenis van het rotenongehalte bij de beoordeeling van Derriswortel; Ber. Afd. Handelsmuseum Kol. Inst.98 (1935), ook verschenen in Ind. Mercuur58, 625 (1935) en Bergeultures 9 (II), 1018 (1935).Google Scholar
  2. 2).
    P. A. Rowaan: De chemische waardebepaling van rotenonhoudend plantenmateriaal (Derriswortel, Lonchocarpuswortel enz.); Chem. Weekblad32, 291 (1935).Google Scholar
  3. 3).
    W. Spoon: Berichten Afd. Handelsmuseum Kol. Inst.63 (1931), ook verschenen in Ind, Mercuur54, 351 (1931);67 (1932), ook verschenen in Ind. Mercuur55, 181 (1932);W. Spoon enP. A. Rowaan: Bericht id79 (1933), ook verschenen in Ind. Mercuur56, 321 (1933).Google Scholar
  4. 1).
    J. G. J. A. Maas: De cultuur van Derriswortel. Bergcultures 9 (II), 1059, 1103, 1139, 1179, 1213, 1248 (1935).Google Scholar
  5. 2).
    L. P. de Bussy, P. A. van der Laan enE. F. Jacobi: Resultaten van proeven met Derrispoeder en rotenon op Nederlandsche insecten; Tijdschrift Plantenziekten41, 33 (1935), ook verschenen als Bericht Afd. Handelsmuseum Kol. Inst.91 (1935) en in Ind. Mercuur58, 103 en 119 (1935).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 1).
    P. A. Blijdorp: Resultaten van het karwijonderzoek in Groningen. Verslagen Mededeel. P.Z.K.D., Wageningen82 (1935).Google Scholar
  7. 1).
    Men vergelijke over de houdbaarheid van Derrispoeder en rotenon voorts:P. A. van der Laan: Over de houdbaarheid van de giftigheid van Derrispoeder en rotenon; Tijdschr. Plantenz.41, 77 (1935), ook verschenen als Bericht Afd. Handelsmuseum Kol. Inst.96 (1935) en in Ind. Mercuur58, 257 (1935).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 2).
    Vgl. ook:J. van der Scheer: Over emulsies van het insecticide rotenon in water. Bergeultures 9 (I), 358 (1935).Google Scholar
  9. 1).
    P. A. Blijdorp: Verslagen Mededeel P.Z.K.D.78 (1935).Google Scholar
  10. 1).
    W. Steer: Studies on Byturus tomentosus Fabr. Journ. Pom. & Hort. Sci.10, 1 (1932);Ann. Rep. East Malling Res. Sta. 1933, 188 (1934).Google Scholar
  11. 1).
    G. L. Hey, A. M. Massee andW. Steer: An experiment on the control of the apple blossom weevil by means of a Derris dust. Ann. Rep. East Malling Res. Sta. 1933, 217 (1934).Google Scholar
  12. 1).
    W. Spoon: Derrispoeder tegen de runderhorzel en tegen ongedierte bij hond en kat. Bericht Afd. Handelsmus. Kol. Inst.95 (1935), ook verschenen in Ind. Mercuur58, 225 (1935) en Tijdschr. Diergeneesk.62, 533 (1935).Google Scholar
  13. 2).
    E. de Boer: Het gebruik van Derrispreparaten ter bestrijding van de rumderhorzellarve. Tijdschr. Diergeneesk.62, 1061 (1935).Google Scholar
  14. 1).
    W. J. Gerard: Bees and Derris Dust. Bee World16, 121 (1935).Google Scholar
  15. 1).
    N. L. Wibaut-Isebree Moens &M. N. Stork: Insecten in huis. Levenswijze en bestrijding, Nijgh & Van Ditmar, Rotterdam, 1935.Google Scholar
  16. 1).
    P. de Lapparent: Le Derris contre les Cafards. Rev. Zool. agric. et appl., Oct. 1934.Google Scholar
  17. 2).
    H. H. Richardson: Studies of Derris, Nicotine, Paris Green, and other Poisons in Combination with molasses in the control of the Gladiolus Thrips. J. Agric. Research49, 359 (1934).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1936

Authors and Affiliations

  • L. P. de Bussy
  • P. A. van der Laan
  • A. Diakonoff

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations