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Folia Geobotanica

, Volume 38, Issue 2, pp 201–207 | Cite as

The effects of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi and chitosan sprays on yield and late blight resistance in potato crops from microplants

  • Eileen A. O’Herlihy
  • Elizabeth M. Duffy
  • Alan C. Cassells
Article

Abstract

The established microplants, mycorrhized and non-mycorrhized controls, were planted in the field and unsprayed (controls), sprayed with a conventional fungicide (Ridomil), with Ridomil alternating with N,O-carboxymethyl chitosan (NOCC — a soluble chitosan) or sprayed only with NOCC. The effects of the treatments on late blight progression in the crop were monitored throughout the season and yield measured. In a preliminary study on the inoculation of detached leaves from unsprayed plants and plants sprayed with Ridomil and NOCC, respectively, NOCC was shown to delay disease development. In the field, late blight development was most rapid in the unsprayed controls, delayed in the Ridomil-treated plants and disease progression was slowed in the other treatments (AMF-inoculation, AMF-NOCC sprayed, NOCC-sprayed and Ridomil-NOCC sprayed). It was shown that plant chitinase activity increased in the AMF, AMF-NOCC and NOCC treatments. At harvest, yields for the Ridomil-NOCC, NOCC and AMF-NOCC treatments were significantly higher than the un-sprayed, non-mycorrhizal control and were not significantly different to the Ridomil-sprayed control. The results are discussed in relation to the production of seed potatoes for organic (ecological) growers.

Keywords

AMF Biological control Computerized image analysis Elicitor fungicides Micropropagation Phytophthora infestans Solanum tuberosum 

Abbreviations

AMF

(arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi)

NOCC

(N, O-carboxymethyl chitosan)

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Copyright information

© Institute of Botany, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Eileen A. O’Herlihy
    • 1
  • Elizabeth M. Duffy
    • 1
  • Alan C. Cassells
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Plant ScienceNational University of IrelandCorkIreland

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