The effects of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi and chitosan sprays on yield and late blight resistance in potato crops from microplants
The established microplants, mycorrhized and non-mycorrhized controls, were planted in the field and unsprayed (controls), sprayed with a conventional fungicide (Ridomil), with Ridomil alternating with N,O-carboxymethyl chitosan (NOCC — a soluble chitosan) or sprayed only with NOCC. The effects of the treatments on late blight progression in the crop were monitored throughout the season and yield measured. In a preliminary study on the inoculation of detached leaves from unsprayed plants and plants sprayed with Ridomil and NOCC, respectively, NOCC was shown to delay disease development. In the field, late blight development was most rapid in the unsprayed controls, delayed in the Ridomil-treated plants and disease progression was slowed in the other treatments (AMF-inoculation, AMF-NOCC sprayed, NOCC-sprayed and Ridomil-NOCC sprayed). It was shown that plant chitinase activity increased in the AMF, AMF-NOCC and NOCC treatments. At harvest, yields for the Ridomil-NOCC, NOCC and AMF-NOCC treatments were significantly higher than the un-sprayed, non-mycorrhizal control and were not significantly different to the Ridomil-sprayed control. The results are discussed in relation to the production of seed potatoes for organic (ecological) growers.
KeywordsAMF Biological control Computerized image analysis Elicitor fungicides Micropropagation Phytophthora infestans Solanum tuberosum
(arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi)
(N, O-carboxymethyl chitosan)
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