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Medical Oncology

, Volume 15, Issue 1, pp 58–60 | Cite as

Severe hypercalcaemia and extensive osteolytic lesions in an adult patient with T cell acute lymphoblastic leukaemia

  • P Antunovic
  • D Marisavljevic
  • N Kraguljac
  • V Jelusic
Paper

Abstract

Hypercalcaemia is a rare feature of acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL) in adults, particularly of the T cell type. We report on a 24-year-old patient with T-ALL, who presented with symptoms of hypercalcaemia (vomitus, acute renal failure), bone pain, extensive osteolytic lesions and normal white cell count without circulating blasts. An increased serum tumor necrosis factor (TNF-α) concentration of 35 pg/ml was found; it remained elevated at, 52 pg/ml four weeks later, after having achieved haematological remission. Serum concentrations of IL-1β, IL-6 and IL-2 were within the control range. The pathophysiology of hypercalcaemia in malignancy and possible mediators of bone resorption, in particular TNF-α, are discussed.

Keywords

hypercalcaemia osteolytic lesions acute leukaemia lymphocytic T cell TNF-α IL-1β IL-6 

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Copyright information

© Stockton Press All rights reserved 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • P Antunovic
    • 2
  • D Marisavljevic
    • 2
  • N Kraguljac
    • 2
  • V Jelusic
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute for Medical BiochemistryClinical Centre of SerbiaBelgradeYugoslavia
  2. 2.Institute of HematologyClinical Centre of SerbiaBelgradeYugoslavia

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