Influence of land use on macrobenthic communities in nearshore estuarine habitats
Macrobenthic community indices were examined for their ability to characterize the influence of shoreline alteration and watershed land use in nearshore estuarine environments of the Chesapeake Bay, U.S.A. Twenty-three watersheds were surveyed in 2002 and 2003 for nearshore macrobenthic assemblages, environmental parameters (i.e., dissolved oxygen, pH, total suspended solids, salinity, and sediment composition), shoreline condition, and land use. Two indices of macrobenthic biological integrity, benthic index of biological integrity in the nearshore (B-IBIN) and abundance biomass comparison (W-value), were evaluated for associations with environmental and shoreline condition, and riparian and watershed land use. Comparisons between nearshore measures of the B-IBI with offshore values (>2 m; Chesapeake Bay benthic index of biological integrity [B-IBICB]) were conducted to assess the ability of the index to reflect land use patterns at near and far proximities to shore. Nearshore macrobenthic communities were represented by a total of 94 species (mean number of species =9.2 ± 0.4 sample−1), and were dominated by the phyla Arthropoda, Annelida, and Mollusca. Temporal variability in environmental conditions and macrobenthic abundance and biomass may be attributable to the notable increase in precipitation in 2003 that led to nutrient influxes and algal blooms. For the biotic indices applied in the nearshore, the highest scores were associated with forested watersheds (W-value, B-IBIN). Ecological thresholds were identified with nonparametric change-point analysis, which indicated a significant reduction in B-IBIN and W-value scores when the amount of developed shoreline exceeded 10% and developed watershed exceeded 12%, respectively.
KeywordsBiotic Integrity Submerse Aquatic Vegetation Macrobenthic Community Biotic Index National Land Cover Database
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
, III,R. W., D. M. Dauer, J. A. Ranasinghe, L. C. Scott
, andR. J. Llanso
. 2002. Statistical verification of the Chesapeake Bay Benthic Index of Biotic Integrity.Environmetrics
Barbour, M. T., J. Gerritsen, B. D. Snyder, and J. B. Stribling
. 1999. Rapid Bioassessment Protocols for Use in Streams and Wadeable Rivers: Periphyton, Benthic Macroinvertebrates and Fish, 2nd edition. U. S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Water, EPA 841-B-99-002. Washington, D.C.Google Scholar
Beauchamp, D. A., E. R. Byron
, andW. A. Wurtsbaugh
. 1994. Summer habitat use by littoral-zone fishes in Lake Tahoe and the effects of shoreline structures.North American Journal of Fisheries Management
Bilkovic, D. M., C. H. Hershner, M. R. Berman, K. J. Havens
, andD. M. Stanhope
. 2005. Evaluating estuarine indicators of ecosystem health in the nearshore of Chesapeake Bay, p. 365–379.In
S. A. Bortone (ed.), Estuarine Indicators. CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida.Google Scholar
Brooks, R. P., D. H. Wardrop, K. W. Thornton, D. Whigham, C. Hershner, M. M. Brinson
, andJ. S. Shortle
. 2006. Integration of ecological and socioeconomic indicators for estuaries and watersheds of the Atlantic Slope. Final Report to U.S. Environmental Protection Agency STAR Program, Agreement R-82868401, Atlantic Slope Consortium, University Park, Pennsylvania.Google Scholar
Chapman, P. M.
1996. Presentation and interpretation of sediment quality triad data.Ecotoxicology
Clarke, K. R.
1990. Comparisons of dominance curves.Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology
Clarke, K. R.
andR. M. Warwick
. 2001. Change in Marine Communities: An Approach to Statistical Analysis and Interpretation, 2nd edition. PRIMER-E, Plymouth, U.K.Google Scholar
Comeleo, R. L., J. F. Paul, P. V.August, J. Copeland, C. Baker, S. S. Hale
, andR. L. Latimer
. 1996. Relationships between watershed stressors and sediment contamination in Chesapeake Bay estuaries.Landscape Ecology
Correll, D. L., T. E. Jordan
, andD. E. Weller
. 1992. Nutrient flux in a landscape: Effects of coastal land use and terrestrial community mosaic on nutrient transport to coastal waters.Estuaries
Dauer, D. M.
1993. Biological criteria, environmental health and estuarine macrobenthic community structure.Marine Pollution Bulletin
Dauer, D. M., M. W. Luckenbach
, andA. J. Rodi
, Jr. 1993. Abundance biomass comparison (ABC method): Effects of an estuarine gradient, hypoxic/hypoxic events and contaminated sediments.Marine Biology
Dauer, D. M., S. B. Weisberg
, andJ. A. Ranasinghe
. 2000. Relationships between benthic community condition, water quality, sediment quality, nutrient loads, and land use patterns in Chesapeake Bay.Estuaries
Deegan, L. A., J. T. Finn, S. G.Ayvazian, C. A. Ryder-Kieffer
, andJ. Buonaccorsi
. 1997. Development and validation of an estuarine biotic integrity index.Estuaries
Deluca, W. V., C. E. Studds, L. L. Rockwood
, andP. P. Marra
. 2004. Influence of land use on the integrity of marsh bird communities of the Chesapeake Bay, USA.Wetlands
Dennison, W. C., R. J. Orth, K. A. Moore, J. C. Stevenson, V. Carter, S. Kollar, P. W. Bergstrom
, andR. A. Batiuk
. 1993. Assessing water quality with submersed aquatic vegetation. Habitat requirements as barometers of Chesapeake Bay health.Bioscience
Diaz, R. J., G. R. Cutter
Jr, andD. M. Dauer
. 2003. A comparison of two methods for estimating the status of benthic habitat quality in the Virginia Chesapeake Bay.Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology
Engle, V. D.
andJ. K. Summers
, 1999. Refinement, validation, and application of a benthic condition index for northern Gulf of Mexico estuaries.Estuaries
Folk, R. L.
1980. Petrology of Sedimentary Rocks, 2nd edition. Hemphill Publishing Company, Austin, Texas.Google Scholar
Hale, S. S., J. F. Paul
, andJ. F. Heltshe
. 2004. Watershed landscape indicators of estuarine benthic condition.Estuaries
Holland, A. F., D. M. Sanger, C. P. Gawle, S. B. Lerberg, M. S. Santiago, G. H. M. Riekerk, L. E. Zimmerman
, andG. I. Scott
. 2004. Linkages between tidal creek ecosystems and the landscape and demographic attributes of their watersheds.Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology
Jackson, L. E., J. C. Kurtz
, andW. S. Fisher
). 2000, Evaluation Guidelines for Ecological Indicators. Office of Research and Development, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina.Google Scholar
Je, J. G., T. Belan, C. Levings
, andB. J. Koo
. 2003. Changes in benthic communities along a presumed pollution gradient in Vancouver Harbour.Marine Environmental Research
Jennings, M. J., M. A. Bozek, G. R. Hatzenbeler, E. E. Emmons
, andM. D. Staggs
. 1999. Cumulative effects of incremental shoreline habitat modification on fish assemblages in north temperate lakes.North American Journal of Fisheries Management
Jordan, S. J.
andP. A. Vaas
. 2000. An index of ecosystem integrity for northern Chesapeake Bay.Environmental Science and Policy
3: S59-S88.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Karr, J. R.
1981. Assessment of biotic integrity using fish communities.Fisheries
Karr, J. R.
andE. W. Chu
. 1999. Restoring Life in Running Waters: Better Biological Monitoring, 1st edition, Island Press, Washington, D.C.Google Scholar
Kerans, B. L.
andJ. R. Karr
. 1994. A benthic index of biotic integrity (B-IBI) for rivers of the Tennessee Valley.Ecological Applications
Kiddon, J. A., J. F. Paul, H. W. Buffum, C. S. Strobel, S. S. Hale, D. Cobb
, andB. S. Brown
. 2003. Ecological condition of US mid-Atlantic estuaries, 1997–1998.Marine Pollution Bulletin
46: 1224–1244.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
King, R. S., A. H. Hinse, F. D. Craige
, andS. Grap
. 2005. Regional, watershed and local correlates of blue crab and bivalve abundances in subestuaries of Chesapeake Bay, USA.Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology
King, R. S.
andC. J. Richardson
. 2003. Integrating bioassessment and ecological risk assessment: An approach to developing numerical water-quality criteria.Environmental Management
31: 795–809.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Lerberg, S. B., A. F. Holland
, andD. M. Sanger
. 2000. Responses of tidal creek macrobenthic communities to the effects of watershed development.Estuaries
Limburg, K. E.
andR. E. Schmidt
. 1990. Patterns of fish spawning in Hudson River tributaries: Response to an urban gradient?Ecology
Llanso, R., D. Dauer, J. Voelstad
, andL. Scott
. 2003. Application of the benthic index of biotic integrity to environmental monitoring in Chesapeake Bay.Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
Llanso, R. J., L. C. Scott, D. M. Dauer, J. L. Hyland
, andD. E. Russell
. 2002a. An estuarine index of biotic integrity for the mid-Atlantic region of the United States. I. Classification of assemblages and habitat definition.Estuaries
Llanso, R. J., L. C. Scott, J. L. Hyland, D. M. Dauer, D. E. Russell
andF. W. Kutz
. 2002b. An estuarine index of biotic integrity for the mid-Atlantic region of the United States. II. Index development.Estuaries
Meire, P. M.
. 1990. Use of the abundance/biomass comparison method for detecting environmental stress: Some considerations based on intertidal macrozoobenthos and bird communities.Journal of Applied Ecology
Morrisey, D. J., S. J. Turner, G. N. Mills, R. B. Williamson
, andB. E. Wise
. 2003. Factors affecting the distribution of benthic macrofauna in estuaries contaminated by urban runoff.Marine Environmental Research
Osborne, L. L.
andD. A. Kovacic
. 1993. Riparian vegetated buffer strips in water-quality restoration and stream management.Freshwater Biology
Paul, J. F., R. L. Comeleo
, andJ. Copeland
. 2002. Landscape and watershed processes: Landscape metrics and estuarine sediment contamination in the mid-Atlantic and southern New England regions.Journal of Environmental Quality
Paul, M. J.
andJ. L. Meyer
. 2001. Streams in the urban landscape.Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics
Paul, J. F., K. J. Scott, D. E. Campbell, J. H. Gentile, C. S. Strobel, R. M. Valente, S. B. Weisberg, A. F. Holland
, andJ. A. Ranasinghe
. 2001. Developing and applying a benthic index of estuarine condition for the Virginian Province.Ecological Indicators
Pearson, T. H.
. 1978. Macrobenthic succession in relation to organic enrichment and pollution of the marine environment.Oceanography and Marine Biology: An Annual Review
Qian, S. S., R. S. King
, andC. J. Richardson
. 2003. Two statistical methods for the detection of environmental thresholds.Ecological Modelling
Regier, H. A.
1993. The notion of natural and cultural integrity, p. 3–18.In
S. Woodley, J. Kay, and G. Francis (eds.), Ecological Integrity and the Management of Ecosystems, Volume 1. St. Lucie Press, Delray Beach, Florida.Google Scholar
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
(USEPA). 2003. Ambient Water Quality Criteria for Dissolved Oxygen, Water Clarity and Chlorophylla
for the Chesapeake Bay and its Tidal Tributaries. EPA 903-R-03-002. Chesapeake Bay Program Office, Annapolis, Maryland. <|http://www.epa.gov/chesapeake/baycriteria.htm.|>Google Scholar
van Dolah, R. F., J. L. Hyland, A. F. Holland, J. S. Rosen
, andT. R. Snoots
. 1999. A benthic index of biological integrity for assessing habitat quality in estuaries of the southeastern USA.Marine Environmental Research
Wang, L., J. Lyons
, andP. Kanehl
. 1997. Influences of watershed land use on habitat quality and biotic integrity in Wisconsin streams.Fisheries
Warwick, R. M.
1986. A new method for detecting pollution effects on marine macrobenthic communities.Marine Biology
Warwick, R. M., T. H. Pearson
. 1987. Detection of pollution effects on marine macrobenthos: Further evaluation of the species abundance/biomass method.Marine Biology
Weisberg, S. B., J. Ranasinghe, D. M. Dauer, L. C. Schaffner, R. J. Diaz
, andJ. B. Frithsen
. 1997. An estuarine benthic index of biotic integrity (B-IBI) for Chesapeake Bay.Estuaries
Whitfield, A. K.
1996. Fishes and the environmental status of South African estuaries.Fisheries Management and Ecology
© Estuarine Research Federation 2006