Israel Journal of Mathematics

, Volume 124, Issue 1, pp 61–76

A dimension gap for continued fractions with independent digits


DOI: 10.1007/BF02772607

Cite this article as:
Kifer, Y., Peres, Y. & Weiss, B. Isr. J. Math. (2001) 124: 61. doi:10.1007/BF02772607


Kinney and Pitcher (1966) determined the dimension of measures on [0, 1] which make the digits in the continued fraction expansion i.i.d. variables. From their formula it is not clear that these dimensions are less than 1, but this follows from the thermodynamic formalism for the Gauss map developed by Walters (1978). We prove that, in fact, these dimensions are bounded by 1−10−7. More generally, we considerf-expansions with a corresponding absolutely continuous measureμ under which the digits form a stationary process. Denote byEδ the set of reals where the asymptotic frequency of some digit in thef-expansion differs by at leastδ from the frequency prescribed byμ. ThenEδ has Hausdorff dimension less than 1 for anyδ>0.

Copyright information

© The Hebrew University Magnes Press 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of MathematicsThe Hebrew University of Jerusalem Givat RamJerusalemIsrael

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