Journal of Insect Behavior

, Volume 10, Issue 3, pp 437–449

The influence of female age on phonotaxis during single and multiple song presentations in the field cricket,Gryllus integer (Orthoptera: Gryllidae)

  • Melanie R. Prosser
  • Anne-Marie Murray
  • William H. Cade
Article

Abstract

The influence of age on variation in female phonontaxis in the field cricket,Gryllus integer, was investigated using a Kugel treadmill-type device. Synthetic male calling songs, with different pulse rates, were presented in both single-stimulus and three-stimulus designs. Females were either 11–14 or 25–28 days postecdysis. Females varied in motivation, or the degree of reproductive effort they exhibited, but only in single-stimulus trials: older females achieved higher scores than younger females. Females varied in selectivity, or the extent to which they discriminated among potential mates, in both presentation designs. All females discriminated against atypical pulse rates. In multiple-stimulus trials with normal range pulse rates, younger females were discriminatory; older females were not. Mated females showed reduced phonotaxis and selectivity irrespective of mating interval.

Key words

female choice phonotaxis age selectivity Gryllus 

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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • Melanie R. Prosser
    • 1
  • Anne-Marie Murray
    • 1
  • William H. Cade
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Biological SciencesBrock UniversitySt. CatharinesCanada
  2. 2.Department of BiologyMcMaster UniversityHamiltonCanada

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